BeagleBoardDebian

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This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB

Debian 8 (jessie)

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro jessie

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro jessie
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.1.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.1.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Debian (jessie)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) debian@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/elinux/debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
4633c5498760ae704885281a9026e4a4  debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
cd debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone White/Black/Green - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2015.08 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_jessie_armhf

Testing:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_stretch_armhf

Debian Testing (stretch)

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/elinux/debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
b10a5e002914fed3914e395591bf23c2  debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
cd debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-08-17

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
c4bb38cb3aa760ad75e8ef5272b33b0c  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
3ca10baec660c293429f25cfc6990617  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard (classic)

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • Beagle: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
0cbd47261bdd1b876e829c062789233a  bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
0cbd47261bdd1b876e829c062789233a  bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • Beagle xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
b0b8f64aac92f5cc280413a80b959a6d  bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
b042dec7d980562cfbb4414ad5ce5cde  bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone White/Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
0561042d4f3cf806fbbd88d84777bbc4  bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
61cda9556caf4e6ba81421d6d5ba8f3d  bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
d03f202299266eec0ef9d730aec6c77a  omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
8a0dd02bc637345a8891b75d5c5899bb  omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
6113cf783d5cbd302d0d669cd94ea90c  bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
66534f87f3e62d22386714214027a9d4  bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Install Latest Kernel Image

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull

Stable:

./update_kernel.sh

Testing:

./update_kernel.sh --beta-kernel

Custom: (has to be on rcn-ee.net)

./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.8.13-bone69

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install sgx modules (3.14.x-ti or 4.1.x kernel):

sudo apt-get install ti-sgx-es8-modules-`uname -r`
sudo depmod -a `uname -r`
sudo update-initramfs -uk `uname -r`

Build SGX userspace for 3.14.x-ti (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev/
git checkout origin/ti-linux-3.14.y -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade