BeagleBoardDebian

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This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB

Debian 8 (jessie)

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro jessie

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro jessie
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.4.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-rt-4.1.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Debian (jessie)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.0-armv7-x3 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.0-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) debian@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/elinux/debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
8968f1755bf9474738df7b9f5da42c5dc518cce3dbb954761848c13ee0152ef5  debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
cd debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone White/Black/Green - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2016.01 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_jessie_armhf

Testing:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_stretch_armhf

Debian Testing (stretch)

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.0-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/elinux/debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
1a87d83e4238b52b10d616a345a5ce4e3bc04dbb86590e981f6ae5e45e55b7ba  debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
cd debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-12-11

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
9e880b7b5614b6d1d9414cc036d292d7e1bd6680f3a7c3792fb6a21a63f93be6  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
f68df6578f1e38aaab298d61a8f5f400286c325af53387b1146aedcaf8afcf00  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
74b5b685869a472d0a0c86d0bfd050b3cd8c5f169c6b08781a05c6c8a6762879  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
c1e660bacc5a29f2e550be1226907faca40c7a5124d100d875b6f262bc7261ca  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBone White/Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
8fc766ce8e7b561517b1fbc18353e477368ab7c28e5ab2ffb90a15bb034220dd  bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
96f74695382e18e8c5cba1b3ee2ddca220a2a192d5ccd6d29a8e944b843ae4de  bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
fba8580490fac9d2d8e0ae57e24bc422e12e9e7bcc1c339180d28559523efa70  omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
86449a8137c76517076b00a83f01f1d6982c3a830baec7359f4cbabee3c0af4e  omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
74ad41cbd92df34fc3a70e48d9adfeedbd98fcbaf2ff4cdc5b0a82615d924ad6  bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
331dbf5499151122c4bd08d0cb0b62bb115490d49ef120b4f1a6ff0d15430cb9  bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --stable
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --stable

Mainline (lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + SGX
--bone-kernel --lts
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT + SGX
--bone-rt-kernel --lts

Mainline

4.3.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --testing

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardDebian#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade