Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-arm-downloads-2187472.html

debian repo:

https://github.com/rcn-ee/repos/tree/master/oracle-java8-installer

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_33"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_33-b05)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.33-b05, mixed mode)

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget https://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian/pool/main/o/oracle-java8-installer/oracle-java8-installer_8u31%2b8u33arm-1~bpo70%2b20150121%2b1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i oracle-java8-installer_8u31%2b8u33arm-1~bpo70%2b20150121%2b1_all.deb

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.0/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.0_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.0_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.0_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To setup the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been setup to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is setup to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.net/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.01.28~bpo70%2b20150213%2b1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.01.28~bpo70%2b20150213%2b1_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm --reinstall

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

3.8.x

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8

3.8.x BBW/BBB FULL Cape Support

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.8.13-bone
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-boneX

3.8.x BBW/BBB FULL Cape Support + Xenomai

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.8.13-xenomai
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-xenomai-rX

3.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.14

Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-3.14.y

3.14.x-ti BBW/BBB/BBX15

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-r | grep -v ti-rt
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-rX

3.14.x-ti BBW/BBB/BBX15 + RT

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-rt
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-rtX

3.14.x-ti BBW/BBB/BBX15 + Xenomai

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-xenomai
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-xenomai-rX

Mainline

3.19.x BeagleBoard / BeagleBoard xM

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.19 | grep armv7 | grep -v lpae
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.19.XX-armv7-rX

3.19.x BBW/BBB

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.19 | grep bone
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.19.XX-boneX

4.0.x BBX15

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.0 | grep lpae
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.0.XX-armv7-lpae-rX

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

2015-03-01

2015-03-01 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.01
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone70

Simpler Kernel Upgrades:

sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-bone70 ; sudo reboot

Kernel Headers included:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-3.8.13-bone70

3rd party module list:

sudo apt-get install mt7601u-modules-3.8.13-bone70

3rd party repo added: https://github.com/rcn-ee/repos

am335x-pru-package
ap-hotspot
dart-1.8 (stable 1.8 branch)
dart-edge (git master branch)
oracle-java8-installer
ti-pru-cgt-installer
xenomai-runtime
cloud9-installer

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC) 4GB eMMC Flasher

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 38bedfc81de00907ff2913b04bdc6fe9

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde) (159Mb free on 2GB eMMC) (Due to limited space, the default Web Browser is NOT installed in the 2GB image.)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 66b613cbbde282520f940a12ecf7f6a8

Flasher: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 81585efeaf183106d6dcc6d39127e190

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Standalone

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: c848627722b7a5f7bc89791cc8949e3b

microSD/Standalone: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/console/bone-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 10823cb21e6fc4536ff87605dc50ea6e

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2015-03-15

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/machinekit/bone-debian-7.8-machinekit-armhf-2015-03-15-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: d2be498aee13ae5fd50466b5c5fdfd4a

Jessie Snapshot

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone Black 4GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/lxqt-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-15-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 2af2f8cc57abe23adc9b6cdc71e9ac3b

Flasher: (lxqt-2gb) (BeagleBone Black 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/lxqt-2gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-jessie-lxqt-armhf-2015-03-15-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 79c52de7bb1de4cb91684dc554d7218a

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard/BeagleBoard xM)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/lxqt-4gb/bb-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-15-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 955165164dc9499796ffa4d99a7b0b1c

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-15-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 108a6bb8693b6ff8dd6a1f03746cdb64

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-15-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: bffd7ee3c4296d92848bda7164fd0a76

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (omap5-uevm)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-15/lxqt-4gb/omap5-uevm-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-15-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 145c0c05947ae342f0b184a7e21b9235

2015-03-08

2015-03-08 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.01
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone70

Simpler Kernel Upgrades:

sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-bone70 ; sudo reboot

Kernel Headers included:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-3.8.13-bone70

3rd party module list:

sudo apt-get install mt7601u-modules-3.8.13-bone70

3rd party repo added: https://github.com/rcn-ee/repos

am335x-pru-package
ap-hotspot
dart-1.8 (stable 1.8 branch)
dart-edge (git master branch)
oracle-java8-installer
ti-pru-cgt-installer
xenomai-runtime
cloud9-installer

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC)

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: dc744da89f80d6b9f576eb51231f08ab

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-armhf-2015-03-08-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 71c79e94a8124f687505438a7cf67022

Flasher: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-08-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 9bb15d19d2402f819a8a01459859e649

BBW/BBB (All Revs)

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 7db9e848f4853bbab51a3466e9fce9f5

microSD/Standalone: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/console/bone-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-08-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 08d4fe60e4bcba2874e4355a22b6e351

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/machinekit/bone-debian-7.8-machinekit-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: a17e3315df408995276d6b62360cf6de

Jessie Snapshot

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone Black 4GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxqt-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 8c79563b5e4a4b733f3a7f010a167049

Flasher: (lxqt-2gb) (BeagleBone Black 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxqt-2gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-jessie-lxqt-armhf-2015-03-08-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: b50fab9dd08eac14f9d448e666e49bcb

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 206d6fe8c7b13e79bd24a474e2b2caeb

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 13e828845f77bc11434351d7ecda1e0b

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (omap5-uevm)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-03-08/lxqt-4gb/omap5-uevm-debian-jessie-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-03-08-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 90a543075b80ae732b480c363723346a