Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-arm-downloads-2187472.html

debian repo:

https://github.com/rcn-ee/repos/tree/master/oracle-java8-installer

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_33"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_33-b05)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.33-b05, mixed mode)

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget https://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian/pool/main/o/oracle-java8-installer/oracle-java8-installer_8u31%2b8u33arm-1~bpo70%2b20150121%2b1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i oracle-java8-installer_8u31%2b8u33arm-1~bpo70%2b20150121%2b1_all.deb

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To setup the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been setup to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is setup to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.net/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.05.06~bpo70+20150506+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.05.06~bpo70+20150506+1_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm --reinstall

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

2015-03-01

2015-03-01 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.01
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone70

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC) 4GB eMMC Flasher

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 38bedfc81de00907ff2913b04bdc6fe9

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde) (159Mb free on 2GB eMMC) (Due to limited space, the default Web Browser is NOT installed in the 2GB image.)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 66b613cbbde282520f940a12ecf7f6a8

Flasher: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 81585efeaf183106d6dcc6d39127e190

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Standalone

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: c848627722b7a5f7bc89791cc8949e3b

microSD/Standalone: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/console/bone-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 10823cb21e6fc4536ff87605dc50ea6e

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2015-06-29

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/machinekit/bone-debian-7.8-machinekit-armhf-2015-06-29-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: fba67a50c02eec93672bbc76fc2bca7c

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone Black 4GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/lxqt-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-06-29-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: f9192ca9ab1a690d02c8b7eddf572bbd

Flasher: (lxqt-2gb) (BeagleBone Black 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/lxqt-2gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-lxqt-armhf-2015-06-29-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: ea76d41c23b8420ff51f3bf5719c5a95

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard/BeagleBoard xM)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/lxqt-4gb/bb-debian-8.1-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-06-29-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 23a6612d7f4493fdfff18a0ce0d455dd

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.1-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-06-29-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 32e56944523379d2604cf92678908c35

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (tre)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/lxqt-4gb/tre-debian-8.1-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-06-29-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 8171bd647f3cb872af3705bc473fd2c3

Jessie Snapshot console

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBone Black eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-06-29-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: becbbd7441f66fd5dd04bda2162da3b1

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard/BeagleBoard xM)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/console/bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-06-29-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: be4b0b0cb65ebc426ae7324a99a0ff01

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-06-29/console/bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-06-29-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 34d877d57c57ff1d6bc27685ea88b42f

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

3.8.x

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8

3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.8.13-bone
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-boneX

3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.8.13-xenomai
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-xenomai-rX

3.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.14

Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-3.14.y

3.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-r | grep -v ti-rt
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-rX

3.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-rt
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-rtX

3.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-xenomai
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-xenomai-rX

Mainline

4.1.x BeagleBoard / BeagleBoard xM

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.1 | grep armv7 | grep -v lpae
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.1.XX-armv7-rX

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.1 | grep bone
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.1.XX-boneX

4.1.x BeagleBoard-X15

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.1 | grep lpae
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.1.XX-armv7-lpae-rX

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp