Please note that User Registration has been temporarily disabled due to a recent increase in automated registrations. If anyone needs an account, please request one here: RequestAccount. Thanks for your patience!--Wmat (talk)
Please email User:Wmat if you experience any issues with the Request Account form.

Difference between revisions of "Addr2line for kernel debugging"

From eLinux.org
Jump to: navigation, search
(Howto)
(Add category description)
 
(4 intermediate revisions by one other user not shown)
Line 142: Line 142:
 
  [  88.640441] 4808  c0083abc 00000000 c04e4810 c04e4810 c050033c c04e1f64 c0083eb0 c04e483c
 
  [  88.640441] 4808  c0083abc 00000000 c04e4810 c04e4810 c050033c c04e1f64 c0083eb0 c04e483c
 
  [  88.640472] 4828  00000000 0000003c 00000043 c68222e0 00000000 c0084170 00000000 00000000
 
  [  88.640472] 4828  00000000 0000003c 00000043 c68222e0 00000000 c0084170 00000000 00000000
  [   88.640533] 4848  00000078 00008000 0000000a 00000000 00000000 c0535c34 c0086a94 c04dd474
+
  [   88.640533] 4848  00000078 00008000 0000000a 00000000 00000000 c0535c34 c0086a94 c04dd474
 
  [  88.640594]  
 
  [  88.640594]  
  [   88.640594] R9: 0xc6800928:
+
  [   88.640594] R9: 0xc6800928:
 
  [  88.640594] 0928  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff fffbffff ffffffff 65776f70 00302e72
 
  [  88.640594] 0928  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff fffbffff ffffffff 65776f70 00302e72
 
  [  88.640655] 0948  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff fff7ffff ffffffff ffffffff 76697264 ff007265
 
  [  88.640655] 0948  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff fff7ffff ffffffff ffffffff 76697264 ff007265
Line 178: Line 178:
 
  [  88.641998] Code: e5103038 e1a04000 e1a00003 e1a0e00f (e593f000)  
 
  [  88.641998] Code: e5103038 e1a04000 e1a00003 e1a0e00f (e593f000)  
 
  [  88.642059] ---[ end trace a026a5e39ad32e4a ]---
 
  [  88.642059] ---[ end trace a026a5e39ad32e4a ]---
 +
 +
We have function names but not line numbers. Addr2line can solve that:
 +
in That line we have [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Program_counter the program counter]
 +
[  88.635314] pc : [<c01b063c>]    lr : [<c01b0640>]    psr: a0000013
 +
In order to translate it into source code line:
 +
# arm-none-linux-gnueabi-addr2line -f -e vmlinux c01b063c
 +
msmfb_suspend
 +
/home/gnutoo/embedded/htcdream/SHR/kernel/linux/drivers/video/msm/msm_fb.c:485
 +
[[Category:Debugging]]

Latest revision as of 14:04, 5 May 2011

Introduction

In this howto we will look how to debug a kernel without KGDB(for instance if we don't have serial available)

Howto

Here's an example of Oops(null pointer exception):

# while true;do dmesg -c;done
[   87.915496] request_suspend_state: sleep (0->3) at 82181848246 (2010-05-22 19:29:45.776824970 UTC)
[   88.028686] deinit sharp panel
[   88.635070] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000fc5
[   88.635101] pgd = c5db8000
[   88.635131] [00000fc5] *pgd=16aba031, *pte=00000000, *ppte=00000000
[   88.635162] Internal error: Oops: 11 [#1] PREEMPT
[   88.635192] last sysfs file: /sys/power/state
[   88.635192] Modules linked in:
[   88.635223] CPU: 0    Not tainted  (2.6.32 #385)
[   88.635253] PC is at msmfb_suspend+0x1c/0x2c
[   88.635284] LR is at msmfb_suspend+0x20/0x2c
[   88.635314] pc : [<c01b063c>]    lr : [<c01b0640>]    psr: a0000013
[   88.635314] sp : c6847f38  ip : c6847f50  fp : c6847f4c
[   88.635345] r10: c6847f84  r9 : c68009a8  r8 : c04e47e8
[   88.635345] r7 : c04e4818  r6 : c68e6ea0  r5 : c0535c1c  r4 : c68e6ea0
[   88.635375] r3 : 00000fc5  r2 : c04e1f64  r1 : c6846000  r0 : 00000fc5
[   88.635406] Flags: NzCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment kernel
[   88.635437] Control: 00c5387d  Table: 15db8008  DAC: 00000017
[   88.635437] 
[   88.635437] PC: 0xc01b05bc:
[   88.635467] 05bc  e58de000 e58dc008 e58dc004 ebfffe7d e24bd014 e89da830 e1a0c00d e92dd830
[   88.635528] 05dc  e24cb004 e24dd010 e1a04001 e1a05000 ebfff6df e594000c e894000e e082e000
[   88.635559] 05fc  e3a0c000 e1a00005 e0813003 e58de000 e58dc008 e58dc004 ebfffe6a e24bd014
[   88.635620] 061c  e89da830 e1a0c00d e92dd818 e24cb004 e5103038 e1a04000 e1a00003 e1a0e00f
[   88.635681] 063c  e593f000 e2840074 eb079177 e89da818 e1a0c00d e92ddff0 e24cb004 e24dd02c
[   88.635742] 065c  e5907004 e1a04000 e10f6000 f10c0080 e3a00001 ebfa5e63 e24b0034 ebfb087b
[   88.635772] 067c  e3a01e11 e51b2034 e18100d4 e51b3030 e0520000 e0c31001 e2502000 b28225ee
[   88.635833] 069c  b282296b e59f0290 b2822c0a e1a03fc2 e0e32091 e3530000 da00005b e59f027c
[   88.635894] 
[   88.635894] LR: 0xc01b05c0:
[   88.635894] 05c0  e58dc008 e58dc004 ebfffe7d e24bd014 e89da830 e1a0c00d e92dd830 e24cb004
[   88.635955] 05e0  e24dd010 e1a04001 e1a05000 ebfff6df e594000c e894000e e082e000 e3a0c000
[   88.636016] 0600  e1a00005 e0813003 e58de000 e58dc008 e58dc004 ebfffe6a e24bd014 e89da830
[   88.636077] 0620  e1a0c00d e92dd818 e24cb004 e5103038 e1a04000 e1a00003 e1a0e00f e593f000
[   88.636108] 0640  e2840074 eb079177 e89da818 e1a0c00d e92ddff0 e24cb004 e24dd02c e5907004
[   88.636169] 0660  e1a04000 e10f6000 f10c0080 e3a00001 ebfa5e63 e24b0034 ebfb087b e3a01e11
[   88.636230] 0680  e51b2034 e18100d4 e51b3030 e0520000 e0c31001 e2502000 b28225ee b282296b
[   88.636260] 06a0  e59f0290 b2822c0a e1a03fc2 e0e32091 e3530000 da00005b e59f027c e59f127c
[   88.636322] 
[   88.636322] SP: 0xc6847eb8:
[   88.636352] 7eb8  c6847f04 c6847ec8 c020a08c c0085e50 c69511a4 00000002 ffffffff c6847f24
[   88.636383] 7ed8  c68e6ea0 c04e4818 c6847f4c c6847ef0 c0028b4c c0028300 00000fc5 c6846000
[   88.636444] 7ef8  c04e1f64 00000fc5 c68e6ea0 c0535c1c c68e6ea0 c04e4818 c04e47e8 c68009a8
[   88.636505] 7f18  c6847f84 c6847f4c c6847f50 c6847f38 c01b0640 c01b063c a0000013 ffffffff
[   88.636566] 7f38  c01b0620 c6846000 c6847f74 c6847f50 c0083dc8 c01b062c c04e47ec c68009a0
[   88.636596] 7f58  c6846000 c68009a0 c0083cd0 00000000 c6847fc4 c6847f78 c00640f0 c0083cdc
[   88.636657] 7f78  00000000 c04e47ec 00000000 00000000 c6825160 c00684b8 c6847f90 c6847f90
[   88.636718] 7f98  c6847fc4 c6829ee0 00000002 c0063fa4 c68009a0 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.636749] 
[   88.636779] IP: 0xc6847ed0:
[   88.636779] 7ed0  ffffffff c6847f24 c68e6ea0 c04e4818 c6847f4c c6847ef0 c0028b4c c0028300
[   88.636840] 7ef0  00000fc5 c6846000 c04e1f64 00000fc5 c68e6ea0 c0535c1c c68e6ea0 c04e4818
[   88.636871] 7f10  c04e47e8 c68009a8 c6847f84 c6847f4c c6847f50 c6847f38 c01b0640 c01b063c
[   88.636932] 7f30  a0000013 ffffffff c01b0620 c6846000 c6847f74 c6847f50 c0083dc8 c01b062c
[   88.636993] 7f50  c04e47ec c68009a0 c6846000 c68009a0 c0083cd0 00000000 c6847fc4 c6847f78
[   88.637023] 7f70  c00640f0 c0083cdc 00000000 c04e47ec 00000000 00000000 c6825160 c00684b8
[   88.637084] 7f90  c6847f90 c6847f90 c6847fc4 c6829ee0 00000002 c0063fa4 c68009a0 00000000
[   88.637145] 7fb0  00000000 00000000 c6847ff4 c6847fc8 c0068260 c0063fb0 00000000 00000000
[   88.637207] 
[   88.637207] FP: 0xc6847ecc:
[   88.637207] 7ecc  00000002 ffffffff c6847f24 c68e6ea0 c04e4818 c6847f4c c6847ef0 c0028b4c
[   88.637268] 7eec  c0028300 00000fc5 c6846000 c04e1f64 00000fc5 c68e6ea0 c0535c1c c68e6ea0
[   88.637298] 7f0c  c04e4818 c04e47e8 c68009a8 c6847f84 c6847f4c c6847f50 c6847f38 c01b0640
[   88.637359] 7f2c  c01b063c a0000013 ffffffff c01b0620 c6846000 c6847f74 c6847f50 c0083dc8
[   88.637420] 7f4c  c01b062c c04e47ec c68009a0 c6846000 c68009a0 c0083cd0 00000000 c6847fc4
[   88.637481] 7f6c  c6847f78 c00640f0 c0083cdc 00000000 c04e47ec 00000000 00000000 c6825160
[   88.637512] 7f8c  c00684b8 c6847f90 c6847f90 c6847fc4 c6829ee0 00000002 c0063fa4 c68009a0
[   88.637573] 7fac  00000000 00000000 00000000 c6847ff4 c6847fc8 c0068260 c0063fb0 00000000
[   88.637634] 
[   88.637634] R1: 0xc6845f80:
[   88.637634] 5f80  00000000 00000000 c68245c0 c004b5bc c04e4220 c04e4220 c6845fc4 c6829f40
[   88.637695] 5fa0  00000002 c006f2f4 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c6845ff4 c6845fc8
[   88.637756] 5fc0  c0068260 c006f300 00000000 00000000 c6845fd0 c6845fd0 00000000 00000000
[   88.637786] 5fe0  00000000 00000000 00000000 c6845ff8 c00299d8 c00681e4 ffffffff ffffffff
[   88.637847] 6000  00000000 00000002 00000000 c6825160 c04e2530 00000000 00000017 c6825160
[   88.637908] 6020  c04e2060 c6846000 c04e2060 c6b58900 c6b58900 c6a08ba0 c6847d24 c6847cc0
[   88.637939] 6040  c0393f34 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.638000] 6060  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.638061] 
[   88.638061] R2: 0xc04e1ee4:
[   88.638061] 1ee4  00000090 00000000 c00417f8 c0435ac4 c0435acc c0435ad0 00000000 00000002
[   88.638122] 1f04  00000003 00000005 0000001d 00000004 c0435954 c000e478 00000000 00000000
[   88.638153] 1f24  00000000 00000000 c0434ed0 c04f9820 00000000 00000000 00000000 c01ddfcc
[   88.638214] 1f44  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c04e1f7c c68f81e0 00000000
[   88.638275] 1f64  c04e4818 c68e6ea0 00000097 c00424a0 c00423f0 00000001 00000000 00000000
[   88.638305] 1f84  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c0042454 c004240c
[   88.638366] 1fa4  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c0042c94
[   88.638427] 1fc4  c0042be4 00000000 00000000 00000000 c0434ecc c04f9820 00000000 00000000
[   88.638458] 
[   88.638458] R4: 0xc68e6e20:
[   88.638488] 6e20  c68e0910 c692c180 00000001 c7200000 00000000 c053bd2c 00000000 00000000
[   88.638549] 6e40  c68e6e50 00000000 00000000 00000000 c68e6c00 c68e09c8 00000140 000001e0
[   88.638580] 6e60  00000000 00000000 00000fc5 00000fc4 00000004 00000650 00000000 00000000
[   88.638641] 6e80  00000140 000001e0 c680a000 c6973eec c04fa208 00000032 c01b0b28 00000000
[   88.638702] 6ea0  c04e1f64 c6951188 00000096 c01b0620 c01b1128 00000000 c5d95b58 c053bea0
[   88.638732] 6ec0  00000101 c0450d78 ffffab02 00000000 00000973 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.638793] 6ee0  1fc8f477 00000015 00000000 00000000 0f8c01d0 00000000 0b248caa 00000052
[   88.638854] 6f00  00000001 c68e6f04 c68e6f04 c68e6f0c c68e6f0c c6991f20 c6991f40 c68e6f1c
[   88.638885] 
[   88.638885] R5: 0xc0535b9c:
[   88.638916] 5b9c  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c05408b8 c0512988 00000300
[   88.638977] 5bbc  c043bf90 7fffffff 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.639007] 5bdc  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 0d1cef11 00000000 0d1cef11
[   88.639068] 5bfc  00000000 c05425a0 c050fcd8 c695e348 c695e348 00000000 000001b1 00000000
[   88.639099] 5c1c  00000003 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c68d5d00 00000114 00000000
[   88.639160] 5c3c  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000002 00000000 0000253b 00000000 00000000
[   88.639221] 5c5c  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00001d9f 00000000
[   88.639251] 5c7c  00000000 0000090d 00000000 0000125e 00000000 00000003 00000000 00000000
[   88.639312] 
[   88.639312] R6: 0xc68e6e20:
[   88.639343] 6e20  c68e0910 c692c180 00000001 c7200000 00000000 c053bd2c 00000000 00000000
[   88.639373] 6e40  c68e6e50 00000000 00000000 00000000 c68e6c00 c68e09c8 00000140 000001e0
[   88.639434] 6e60  00000000 00000000 00000fc5 00000fc4 00000004 00000650 00000000 00000000
[   88.639495] 6e80  00000140 000001e0 c680a000 c6973eec c04fa208 00000032 c01b0b28 00000000
[   88.639526] 6ea0  c04e1f64 c6951188 00000096 c01b0620 c01b1128 00000000 c5d95b58 c053bea0
[   88.639587] 6ec0  00000101 c0450d78 ffffab02 00000000 00000973 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.639648] 6ee0  1fc8f477 00000015 00000000 00000000 0f8c01d0 00000000 0b248caa 00000052
[   88.639678] 6f00  00000001 c68e6f04 c68e6f04 c68e6f0c c68e6f0c c6991f20 c6991f40 c68e6f1c
[   88.639739] 
[   88.639739] R7: 0xc04e4798:
[   88.639739] 4798  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 c00828f8
[   88.639801] 47b8  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.639862] 47d8  00000001 00000001 c04e47e0 c04e47e0 00000001 c68009a0 c04e47f0 c04e47f0
[   88.639892] 47f8  c0083cd0 00000000 c04e4800 c04e4800 c0083abc 00000000 c04e4810 c04e4810
[   88.639953] 4818  c050033c c04e1f64 c0083eb0 c04e483c 00000000 0000003c 00000043 c68222e0
[   88.640014] 4838  00000000 c0084170 00000000 00000000 00000078 00008000 0000000a 00000000
[   88.640045] 4858  00000000 c0535c34 c0086a94 c04dd474 00000000 00000000 00000000 c68bd6c0
[   88.640106] 4878  00120001 00000000 00000001 00000114 00000000 00000000 00000000 c04e4894
[   88.640167] 
[   88.640167] R8: 0xc04e4768:
[   88.640167] 4768  00000000 74737461 00000000 c0083204 00000000 c05335c0 00000000 c04e4784
[   88.640228] 4788  c04e4784 c0082e64 00000003 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.640289] 47a8  00000000 00000000 00000000 c00828f8 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.640319] 47c8  00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000001 c04e47e0 c04e47e0
[   88.640380] 47e8  00000001 c68009a0 c04e47f0 c04e47f0 c0083cd0 00000000 c04e4800 c04e4800
[   88.640441] 4808  c0083abc 00000000 c04e4810 c04e4810 c050033c c04e1f64 c0083eb0 c04e483c
[   88.640472] 4828  00000000 0000003c 00000043 c68222e0 00000000 c0084170 00000000 00000000
[   88.640533] 4848  00000078 00008000 0000000a 00000000 00000000 c0535c34 c0086a94 c04dd474
[   88.640594] 
[   88.640594] R9: 0xc6800928:
[   88.640594] 0928  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff fffbffff ffffffff 65776f70 00302e72
[   88.640655] 0948  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff fff7ffff ffffffff ffffffff 76697264 ff007265
[   88.640716] 0968  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff c68009a0 c6800984
[   88.640747] 0988  c6800984 c04551e4 00000001 00000000 00000000 00000000 c68009a0 c68009a0
[   88.640808] 09a8  c68009a8 c68009a8 c04e47ec c6800980 c6825160 00000000 75626564 ffff0067
[   88.640869] 09c8  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff 75626564 ffff0067
[   88.640899] 09e8  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff 66757063 00716572
[   88.640960] 0a08  ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff 66757063 00716572
[   88.641021] 
[   88.641021] R10: 0xc6847f04:
[   88.641021] 7f04  c0535c1c c68e6ea0 c04e4818 c04e47e8 c68009a8 c6847f84 c6847f4c c6847f50
[   88.641082] 7f24  c6847f38 c01b0640 c01b063c a0000013 ffffffff c01b0620 c6846000 c6847f74
[   88.641143] 7f44  c6847f50 c0083dc8 c01b062c c04e47ec c68009a0 c6846000 c68009a0 c0083cd0
[   88.641204] 7f64  00000000 c6847fc4 c6847f78 c00640f0 c0083cdc 00000000 c04e47ec 00000000
[   88.641235] 7f84  00000000 c6825160 c00684b8 c6847f90 c6847f90 c6847fc4 c6829ee0 00000002
[   88.641296] 7fa4  c0063fa4 c68009a0 00000000 00000000 00000000 c6847ff4 c6847fc8 c0068260
[   88.641357] 7fc4  c0063fb0 00000000 00000000 c6847fd0 c6847fd0 00000000 00000000 00000000
[   88.641387] 7fe4  00000000 00000000 c6847ff8 c00299d8 c00681e4 ffffffff ffffffff c6a52720
[   88.641448] Process suspend (pid: 8, stack limit = 0xc6846268)
[   88.641479] Stack: (0xc6847f38 to 0xc6848000)
[   88.641510] 7f20:                                                       c01b0620 c6846000
[   88.641540] 7f40: c6847f74 c6847f50 c0083dc8 c01b062c c04e47ec c68009a0 c6846000 c68009a0
[   88.641571] 7f60: c0083cd0 00000000 c6847fc4 c6847f78 c00640f0 c0083cdc 00000000 c04e47ec
[   88.641601] 7f80: 00000000 00000000 c6825160 c00684b8 c6847f90 c6847f90 c6847fc4 c6829ee0
[   88.641632] 7fa0: 00000002 c0063fa4 c68009a0 00000000 00000000 00000000 c6847ff4 c6847fc8
[   88.641662] 7fc0: c0068260 c0063fb0 00000000 00000000 c6847fd0 c6847fd0 00000000 00000000
[   88.641693] 7fe0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 c6847ff8 c00299d8 c00681e4 ffffffff ffffffff
[   88.641784] [<c01b063c>] (msmfb_suspend+0x1c/0x2c) from [<c0083dc8>] (early_suspend+0xf8/0x1a4)
[   88.641845] [<c0083dc8>] (early_suspend+0xf8/0x1a4) from [<c00640f0>] (worker_thread+0x14c/0x240)
[   88.641906] [<c00640f0>] (worker_thread+0x14c/0x240) from [<c0068260>] (kthread+0x88/0x90)
[   88.641967] [<c0068260>] (kthread+0x88/0x90) from [<c00299d8>] (kernel_thread_exit+0x0/0x8)
[   88.641998] Code: e5103038 e1a04000 e1a00003 e1a0e00f (e593f000) 
[   88.642059] ---[ end trace a026a5e39ad32e4a ]---

We have function names but not line numbers. Addr2line can solve that: in That line we have the program counter

[   88.635314] pc : [<c01b063c>]    lr : [<c01b0640>]    psr: a0000013

In order to translate it into source code line:

# arm-none-linux-gnueabi-addr2line -f -e vmlinux c01b063c
msmfb_suspend
/home/gnutoo/embedded/htcdream/SHR/kernel/linux/drivers/video/msm/msm_fb.c:485