BeagleBoardDebian

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Revision as of 14:31, 7 May 2014 by RobertCNelson (Talk | contribs) (2014-05-06)

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This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB
+ Desktop environment (GNOME) : ~2.9GB

Debian Wheezy

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro wheezy-armhf

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro wheezy-armhf
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

Debian Stable (wheezy)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2014-05-06
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
  • 2014-02-16
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.3-armv7-x10 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone40 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) debian@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/wheezy/debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz
e5edb8ff531255baf16019e650cac86f  debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz
cd debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-05-06

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot board

[board] options:

  • BeagleBone/Black - bone

So for the BeagleBone:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot bone

Quick install script for [board] (using new --dtb option)

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

Built with a fork of project-rootstock (ARM native mode, runs directly on BeagleBoard), using a script from omap-image-builder:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2014.05 -b tmp
touch release
./rcn-ee_image.sh

Debian Testing (jessie)

Image Updated:

  • 2014-05-06
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
  • 2014-02-16
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.3-armv7-x10 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone40 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/jessie/debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz
c32ff6dee1342e9ef7450ff03ba226d3  debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-05-06.tar.xz
cd debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-05-06

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian and begin flashing the eMMC, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/beaglebone-black-eMMC-flasher.sh

BTW: we are only writing about 500 megabytes to the eMMC, so the script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
    • (error -84: which may mean you've reached the max number of erase/write cycles...)

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2014-05-06
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
  • 2014-02-16
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone40 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/flasher/wheezy/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz
1298c1c462804e9a9cf83f3edec3747c  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz

Follow the "standard" update procedure.

http://circuitco.com/support/index.php?title=Updating_The_Software

Linux:

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2014-05-06
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
  • 2014-02-16
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.3-armv7-x10 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/wheezy/bbxm-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbxm-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz
af7788b0f09912ed0014f5457af9fb07  bbxm-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz

Linux:

unxz bbxm-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbxm-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2014-05-06
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
  • 2014-02-16
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone40 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/wheezy/bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz
2282690b908ffd82427011f866aae4d4  bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz

Linux:

unxz bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-06-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Serial Ports

To start a login console on ttyO2 (the serial header next to P9), edit /etc/inittab and add:

T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyO2 115200 vt102

To start a console on the USB ACM device, add the following to /etc/inittab,

GS0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyGS0 115200 vt102

Install Latest Kernel Image

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull

Stable:

./update_kernel.sh

Testing:

./update_kernel.sh --beta-kernel

Custom: (has to be on rcn-ee.net)

./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.8.13-bone37

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade