BeagleBoardDebian

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This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB
+ Desktop environment (GNOME) : ~2.9GB

Debian Wheezy

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro wheezy-armhf

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro wheezy-armhf
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

Debian Stable (wheezy)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2014-06-05
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.5-armv7-x8 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.15.0-rc8-armv7-lpae-x4 kernel
  • 2014-05-06
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) debian@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/wheezy/debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
b49c5f4eb768df09c6adbad7a9099d0f  debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
cd debian-7.5-console-armhf-2014-06-05

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone/Black - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

Built with a fork of project-rootstock (ARM native mode, runs directly on BeagleBoard), using a script from omap-image-builder:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2014.06 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_stable_armhf

Testing:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_testing_armhf

Debian Testing (jessie)

Image Updated:

  • 2014-06-05
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.5-armv7-x8 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.15.0-rc8-armv7-lpae-x4 kernel
  • 2014-05-06
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/jessie/debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
d74021d08399ffd2a2c560b0dd129844  debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
cd debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-06-05

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian and begin flashing the eMMC, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/init-eMMC-flasher.sh

BTW: we are only writing about 500 megabytes to the eMMC, so the script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
    • (error -84: which may mean you've reached the max number of erase/write cycles...)

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2014-06-05
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
  • 2014-05-06
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/flasher/wheezy/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
6f83bada552d4afc8232c4dcc69ac396  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Follow the "standard" update procedure.

http://elinux.org/Beagleboard:Updating_The_Software

Linux:

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2014-06-05
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.5-armv7-x8 kernel
  • 2014-05-06
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/wheezy/bbxm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbxm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
380ccce12f5c25e7aa818fbd6cd1de6a  bbxm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Linux:

unxz bbxm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbxm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2014-06-05
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
  • 2014-05-06
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
  • 2014-04-18
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/wheezy/bone-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum bone-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
1e5bd64033de37edc8d98c791598fdb1  bone-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Linux:

unxz bone-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Debian.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2014-06-05
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.15.0-rc8-armv7-lpae-x4 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/wheezy/omap5-uevm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum omap5-uevm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
378fe68418bbebdc29e2beb0005f5752  omap5-uevm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz

Linux:

unxz omap5-uevm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-debian-7.5-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Serial Ports

To start a login console on ttyO2 (the serial header next to P9), edit /etc/inittab and add:

T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyO2 115200 vt102

To start a console on the USB ACM device, add the following to /etc/inittab,

GS0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyGS0 115200 vt102

Install Latest Kernel Image

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull

Stable:

./update_kernel.sh

Testing:

./update_kernel.sh --beta-kernel

Custom: (has to be on rcn-ee.net)

./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.8.13-bone37

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install "special" Kernel

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.13.11-bone10

Build SGX modules/userspace (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.01 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v3.13 -b tmp-sgx
./build_kernel.sh
./sgx_build_modules.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.01.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.01.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

SGX Demos

cd /opt/gfxsdkdemos/ogles2/
./OGLES2ChameleonMan

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade