Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardUbuntu"

From eLinux.org
Jump to: navigation, search
m (eMMC: BeagleBone Black)
m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2016-09-20)
 
(46 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 18: Line 18:
 
** ''#beagle'': Beagle IRC on Freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
 
** ''#beagle'': Beagle IRC on Freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
 
** Kernel Trees
 
** Kernel Trees
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/stable-kernel/tree/v3.7.x Stable (3.7.x) branch]
+
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform/ v3.17.x kernel branch]
 
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
 
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
  
Line 55: Line 55:
  
 
= Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image =
 
= Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image =
 +
== Demo Image ==
  
==Demo Image==
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBoard xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
 
+
* These demonstration images contain a custom Mainline based kernel with experimental enhancements to the boards supported. They are usually updated about once a month, as new features/enhancements get added by the community. Currently, this image ships with two kernels "armv7" which is for mainline omap3+ devices (BeagleBoard/PandaBoard) and the "bone" which is specifically for the BeagleBone. The kernel is stress-tested by a farm of Panda/Beagles running 24/7 under a heavy load (building gcc trunk/mainline kernel).
+
 
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': Beagle xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
+
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
  git checkout origin/v3.14.x -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/v4.8.x -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v3.8.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel/tree/am33x-v3.8
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v4.4.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.4.y
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
+
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
  cd bb-kernel
+
  cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
  git checkout origin/am33x-v3.8 -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.4.y -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
* '''Advanced Users only''': Userspace, used in these demo images:
 
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder
 
  
=== Trusty 14.04 ===
+
=== Ubuntu (16.04.1) ===
 +
 
 +
Default username/password:
 +
*username: ubuntu
 +
*password: temppwd
 +
 
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2014-06-05
+
*2016-09-20
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.5-armv7-x8 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.8.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
+
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.15.0-rc8-armv7-lpae-x4 kernel
+
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
*2014-05-06
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
+
*2016-06-09
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.1-armv7-x4 kernel
*2014-04-18
+
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
+
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
 +
*2016-05-12
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
 +
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
  
 
Services Active:
 
Services Active:
Line 95: Line 100:
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/trusty/ubuntu-14.04-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/elinux/ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum ubuntu-14.04-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  sha256sum ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
  15f0237edd0f552e4fd65c0e5935ffdc ubuntu-14.04-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  81f7d63bd2f3c80697807bd3f1d8ca50b5e7347379f5236356a27b78a426b025 ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
  
 
Unpack Image:
 
Unpack Image:
  tar xf ubuntu-14.04-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  tar xf ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
  cd ubuntu-14.04-console-armhf-2014-06-05
+
  cd ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20
  
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
Line 134: Line 139:
  
 
board options:
 
board options:
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx   - omap3-beagle
+
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx         - omap3-beagle
*BeagleBoard xM             - omap3-beagle-xm
+
*BeagleBoard xM                   - omap3-beagle-xm
*BeagleBone/Black           - beaglebone
+
*BeagleBone White/Black/Green    - beaglebone
*OMAP5432 uEVM             - omap5-uevm
+
*OMAP5432 uEVM                   - omap5-uevm
 +
*BeagleBoard-X15                  - am57xx-beagle-x15
  
 
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
 
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
Line 143: Line 149:
  
 
Advanced: Build Image:
 
Advanced: Build Image:
 
Built with a fork of project-rootstock (ARM native mode, runs directly on BeagleBoard), using a script from omap-image-builder:
 
  
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  cd omap-image-builder
 
  cd omap-image-builder
  git checkout v2014.06 -b tmp
+
  git checkout v2016.09.1 -b tmp
  
 
Stable:
 
Stable:
  
  ./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_stable_armhf
+
  ./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_xenial_armhf
  
Testing:
+
== Flasher ==
  
./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_testing_armhf
+
=== eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green ===
  
=== Utopic 14.10 (Testing) ===
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
 +
 
 +
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
 +
 
 +
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
 +
 
 +
Notes:
 +
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 +
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
 +
 
 +
User: ubuntu
 +
pass: temppwd
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2014-06-05
+
*2016-09-20
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.5-armv7-x8 kernel
+
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
+
*2016-06-09
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.15.0-rc8-armv7-lpae-x4 kernel
+
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
*2014-05-06
+
*2016-05-12
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
+
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
+
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/utopic/ubuntu-utopic-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum ubuntu-utopic-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
  0db5f67332a333c4aeb431d76337c05c ubuntu-utopic-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  858a73e303496048b7238a1282bc4e8be442ac92f31dbcdcbdaa2a9b56ca7b20 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
Unpack image:
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
  tar xf ubuntu-utopic-console-armhf-2014-06-05.tar.xz
+
  http://etcher.io
cd ubuntu-utopic-console-armhf-2014-06-05
+
  
Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
== Flasher ==
+
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 
+
=== eMMC: BeagleBone Black ===
+
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page.  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Ubuntu and begin flashing the eMMC, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
  https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/init-eMMC-flasher.sh
+
  https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
  
BTW: we are only writing about 500 megabytes to the eMMC, so the script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
+
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
  
 
Notes:
 
Notes:
 
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
 
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
** (error -84: which may mean you've reached the max number of erase/write cycles...)
 
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 202: Line 214:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2014-06-05
+
*2016-09-20
** BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
*2014-05-06
+
*2016-06-09
** BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
*2014-04-18
+
*2016-05-12
** BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/flasher/trusty/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
  5bd0375cb8b662d6622f065442f6558f BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  4f626fb8c3d2a030ccbaabb3bfac00e6174956dc5dd6c6785f6bd49dd6b528fc bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
Follow the "standard" update procedure.
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
  http://elinux.org/Beagleboard:Updating_The_Software
+
  http://etcher.io
  
Linux:
+
Linux: (dd)
  unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  xzcat bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  
 
== raw microSD img ==
 
== raw microSD img ==
Line 227: Line 238:
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images).  The board should boot into Ubuntu.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 239: Line 250:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2014-06-05
+
*2016-09-20
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.5-armv7-x8 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.8.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
*2014-05-06
+
*2016-06-09
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.14.2-armv7-x5 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.1-armv7-x4 kernel
*2014-04-18
+
*2016-05-12
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.10-armv7-x11 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/trusty/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum bbxm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
  6831edbab259c3c3d47524f4e5990237 bbxm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  aa71275317208ed6c465db3a4e926642c0e459c0ed3d45e06f87cab56e5ed914 bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
Linux:
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
  unxz bbxm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  http://etcher.io
sudo dd if=./bbxm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  
=== BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black ===
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page.  First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images). The board should boot into Ubuntu.
+
=== BeagleBone White/Black/Green ===
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 271: Line 284:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2014-06-05
+
*2016-09-20
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone56 kernel
+
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
*2014-05-06
+
*2016-06-09
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone49 kernel
+
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
*2014-04-18
+
*2016-05-12
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone47 kernel
+
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/trusty/bone-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum bone-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
  f6f3bb34a8bc06c38b764c2138a88810 bone-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  18e80cb64f8f998832bec12b73c1f68e86949607120af73ddc936de8677eded0 bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
http://etcher.io
  
Linux:
+
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  xzcat bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First press and hold the boot select button (next to microSD card), then apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images).  The board should boot into Ubuntu.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 303: Line 318:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2014-06-05
+
*2016-09-20
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.15.0-rc8-armv7-lpae-x4 kernel
+
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
 +
*2016-06-09
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
 +
*2016-05-12
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/trusty/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
  238c86ea2e4c2a2c6ca0e81e7988f59c omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
  77db0b96d14c9ff68a58c378feeb532d8844e4377e99acdb67fbc28034930f59 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
  
Linux:
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
  unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img.xz
+
http://etcher.io
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04-console-2014-06-05-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
  xzcat omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
 +
 
 +
User: ubuntu
 +
pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Auto partition resize:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-09-20
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
 +
*2016-06-09
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
 +
*2016-05-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
 +
e4d16b0ac2d6de7b0630334da8c8222729fb5a02cbf3c4f52297a528edaf1ee0  bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
http://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=
Line 383: Line 438:
 
== BeagleBone ==
 
== BeagleBone ==
 
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone
 
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone
 +
 +
== BeagleBone Black ==
 +
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black
  
 
== Panda/Panda ES ==
 
== Panda/Panda ES ==
Line 391: Line 449:
 
==Install Latest Kernel Image==
 
==Install Latest Kernel Image==
  
Script:
+
General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:
  cd /opt/scripts/tools
+
sudo apt-get update
 +
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
 +
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Latest kernel script
 +
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
 
  git pull
 
  git pull
 +
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>
  
Stable:
+
== 3.8.x ==
  ./update_kernel.sh
+
This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy
 +
  beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
  
Testing:
+
  3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
  ./update_kernel.sh --beta-kernel
+
--bone-channel --stable
  
Custom: (has to be on rcn-ee.net)
+
  3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
  ./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.8.13-bone37
+
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable
  
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
+
== 4.1.x-ti ==
 +
This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.
 +
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
 +
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
  
== Upgrade X-loader and U-boot ==
+
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
 +
--ti-channel --stable
  
*Note: the functionality of the "X-Loader" project has been merged as u-boot spl.
+
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
 +
--ti-rt-channel --stable
  
Compatibility with older Ax, Bx, Cx, and Dx BeagleBoards
+
== Mainline (lts) ==
  
Note: Sometimes on these older boards, you just have to clear out the stored U-Boot environment variables in NAND to make this script work:
+
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + SGX
  nand erase 260000 20000
+
  --bone-kernel --lts
  
Or: To fully erase the entire NAND:
+
  4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT + SGX
  nand erase.chip
+
--bone-rt-kernel --lts
  
Requires MMC card:
+
== Mainline ==
 +
4.3.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
 +
--bone-kernel --testing
  
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/flasher.git
+
== Debian 8: jessie ==
  cd flasher
+
  sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp
  
For the Beagle Ax/Bx
+
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_bx
+
  
For the Beagle Cx/Dx
+
== Xorg Drivers ==
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_cx
+
  
1: Plug-in a serial cable and start the serial terminal program
+
Script:
  2: Place MMC card in Beagle
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
3: Push and hold the user button
+
  git pull
4: Plug-in power
+
5: Wait for U-Boot countdown to finish, then release the user button
+
6: Wait for flashing/script to end
+
  7: Power down, remove and reformat MMC card to final OS
+
  
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
+
BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:
  sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --probe-mmc
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-omapdrm.sh
  
You should see something like:
+
BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-tilcdc.sh
  
Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...
+
== SGX Drivers ==
+
fdisk -l:
+
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes '''<- x86 Root Drive'''
+
Disk /dev/mmcblk0: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes '''<- MMC/SD card'''
+
+
mount:
+
/dev/sda1 on / type ext4 (rw,errors=remount-ro,commit=0) '''<- x86 Root Partition'''
+
  
* In this example, we can see via mount, '''/dev/sda1''' is the x86 rootfs, therefore '''/dev/mmcblk0''' is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by the ./mk_mmc.sh script.
+
=== SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black ===
  
== SGX Video Acceleration ==
+
Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...
  
'''BeagleBone (BBW) & BeagleBone Black (BBB)'''
+
Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel:
 +
http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29
  
SGX support will most likely be included with Kernel 3.12 (see TI [http://software-dl.ti.com/dsps/dsps_public_sw/gfxsdk/5_01_00_01/index_FDS.html Graphics SDK release 5.01.00.01]), which is being worked on now (January 2014).
+
Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
 +
cd bb-kernel/
 +
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
 +
./sgx_create_package.sh
 +
 
 +
Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install
 +
sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
 +
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
 +
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded
 +
debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
 +
omaplfb                12065  0
 +
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb
  
 
== Xorg Drivers ==
 
== Xorg Drivers ==
Line 472: Line 551:
 
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 
  ./ti-tilcdc.sh
 
  ./ti-tilcdc.sh
 
== Building the Kernel ==
 
 
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/stable-kernel
 
 
Download Source:
 
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/stable-kernel.git
 
 
Build the kernel:
 
./build_kernel.sh
 
 
Optionally building the *.deb file:
 
./build_deb.sh
 
  
 
= Swapfile =
 
= Swapfile =
Line 579: Line 645:
  
 
=== ROS ===
 
=== ROS ===
Willow Garage hosts the open source Robotic Operating System (ROS). While it is natively supported in Ubuntu, the official packages are only for the x86 platform. ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).
+
ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.
  
Following the instructions from here will build and install ROS on your BeagleBoard:
+
There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:
  
http://www.ros.org/wiki/cturtle/Installation/Ubuntu/SVN
+
http://wiki.ros.org/indigo/Installation/UbuntuARM
  
You will need an Internet connection for your BeagleBoard for these scripts to work.
+
Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).
  
 
For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.
 
For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.

Latest revision as of 19:59, 20 September 2016

(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click here.) (Should Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black be merged into this page?)

This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM EABI) Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the SD card. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the PandaBoard and BeagleBone.

  • For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.

Help

If you need any help:

  • Ubuntu related help:
    • #ubuntu-arm: Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode (logs -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  • When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Required Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Omap Serial Changes

boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:

With 2.6.35:

console=ttyS2,115200n8

With 2.6.36/37+:

console=ttyO2,115200n8

Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf

start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2

Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.8.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.4.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Ubuntu (16.04.1)

Default username/password:

  • username: ubuntu
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.8.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.1-armv7-x4 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) ubuntu@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/elinux/ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
81f7d63bd2f3c80697807bd3f1d8ca50b5e7347379f5236356a27b78a426b025  ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone White/Black/Green - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2016.09.1 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_xenial_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
858a73e303496048b7238a1282bc4e8be442ac92f31dbcdcbdaa2a9b56ca7b20  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
4f626fb8c3d2a030ccbaabb3bfac00e6174956dc5dd6c6785f6bd49dd6b528fc  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.8.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.1-armv7-x4 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
aa71275317208ed6c465db3a4e926642c0e459c0ed3d45e06f87cab56e5ed914  bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone White/Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
18e80cb64f8f998832bec12b73c1f68e86949607120af73ddc936de8677eded0  bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
77db0b96d14c9ff68a58c378feeb532d8844e4377e99acdb67fbc28034930f59  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-09-20
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
  • 2016-06-09
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
  • 2016-05-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
e4d16b0ac2d6de7b0630334da8c8222729fb5a02cbf3c4f52297a528edaf1ee0  bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Method 2: Use the NetInstall method

You will need a 1GB/2GB/4GB/8GB SD card or greater.

Standard system : ~700 MB

Report Bugs/Issues to: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/issues (anywhere else will be ignored..)

Download the netinstall script:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Currently supported Ubuntu distributions:

--distro oneiric (11.10)
--distro precise-armhf (12.04)
--distro quantal (12.10)
--distro raring (13.04)
--distro saucy (13.10)

Device: <board> selection:

*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx  - omap3-beagle
*BeagleBoard xMA/B/C   - omap3-beagle-xm
*BeagleBone Ax         - am335x-bone-serial
*BeagleBone (DVI cape) - am335x-bone-video
*BeagleBone Black      - am335x-boneblack
*PandaBoard Ax     - omap4-panda
*PandaBoard A4+    - omap4-panda-a4
*PandaBoard ES     - omap4-panda-es

Installation script for new <board> selection: (slowly migrating all devices to this method)

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb <board> --distro <distro>

So for the xM: with quantal:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro quantal
  • Other Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Place SD card into BeagleBoard and boot:

Configure the network:

usb0: USB net <- (usually the OTG port)
eth0: USB net <- (usually the smsc95xx adapter on the BeagleBoard and PandaBoard)
wlan0: Wifi <- Your USDB-Wi-Fi device.. 

See my notes for my testing procedure: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/blob/master/test.Ubuntu

Troubleshooting: If booting fails..

  • Hold the user button down to force booting from MMC
  • Upgrade X-loader and U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot
  • Clear U-boot's Environment Variables in NAND:
nand erase 260000 20000

NetInstall assumptions:

Assume asll <default>'s... Thanks you preseed.conf!!!

Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)

Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Advanced

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --stable
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --stable

Mainline (lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + SGX
--bone-kernel --lts
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT + SGX
--bone-rt-kernel --lts

Mainline

4.3.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --testing

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Swapfile

Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition

On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256 MB and 512 MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256 MB not being enough RAM).

Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.

Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.

Creating a Swapfile

The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:

sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/   
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile 

To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:

/var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0   0

To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.

Ubuntu Software

Wi-Fi Networking (command line)

/etc/network/interfaces

It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.

You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.

This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834

A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-driver wext
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
wpa-ap-scan 1
wpa-proto RSN
wpa-pairwise CCMP
wpa-group CCMP
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>

Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.

Lightweight window managers

If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.

JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256 MB, using JWM will leave about 60 MB free in which to run applications.

Web Apps

Midori

Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29

Surveillance

Motion

If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.

Motion is also available from the standard repositories: http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27 Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.

To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:

  • Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login
  • Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
  • motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
  • Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
#! /bin/sh
/usr/bin/motion -c /etc/motion/motion.conf

This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.

Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.

Robotics

ROS

ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:

http://wiki.ros.org/indigo/Installation/UbuntuARM

Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).

For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.