Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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Revision as of 08:10, 10 August 2017 by RobertCNelson (Talk | contribs) (BeagleBoard-X15 weekly)

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. Login as debian (password = temppwd) and edit /boot/uEnv.txt with nano (sudo nano /boot/uEnv.txt) or your preferred editor.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete, otherwise it'll just keep on re-flashing the eMMC)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

i take full responsibility for knowing my beagle is now insecure

as of 2017-02-19, BeagleBoard images now longer enable these insecure options by default, you are free to recreate them as you wish.

remove root password

root_password=$(cat /etc/shadow | grep root | awk -F ':' '{print $2}')
sed -i -e 's:'$root_password'::g' /etc/shadow

ssh root@beaglebone.local

sed -i -e 's:PermitEmptyPasswords no:PermitEmptyPasswords yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:UsePAM yes:UsePAM no:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:PermitRootLogin without-password:PermitRootLogin yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

sudo no password required

echo "debian  ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

U-Boot Overlays

Check via serial

U-Boot SPL 2017.07-00002-gd316f5106c (Jul 11 2017 - 10:43:17)
Trying to boot from MMC2

U-Boot 2017.07-00002-gd316f5106c (Jul 11 2017 - 10:43:17 -0500), Build: jenkins-github_Bootloader-Builder-585

Check via system

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ git pull
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ sudo ./version.sh | grep bootloader
bootloader:[microSD-(push-button)]:[/dev/mmcblk0]:[U-Boot 2017.07-00002-gd316f5106c]

To upgrade your version of U-Boot:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/developers/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo ./update_bootloader.sh
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo reboot

U-Boot Capes added:

NHD-7.0CTP-CAPE Family
BB-BONE-NH7C-01-A0.dtbo (first added in: 2017.05-rc2-00002-g86566339a9 (Apr 28 2017 - 10:18:57))

U-Boot /boot/uEnv.txt configuration

/boot/uEnv.txt:

enable_uboot_overlays=1

U-Boot Disable on-board devices

To Disable eMMC:

disable_uboot_overlay_emmc=1

To Disable HDMI VIDEO & AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_video=1

To Disable HDMI AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_audio=1

To Disable WL1835:

disable_uboot_overlay_wireless=1

To Disable BB-ADC: (first added in: 2017.05-rc1-00002-g35aecb22fe (Apr 05 2017 - 16:51:58))

disable_uboot_overlay_adc=1

U-Boot Override external capes

Cape device tree overlays (src): https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
Debian package: bb-cape-overlays
uboot_overlay_addr0=/lib/firmware/<file0>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr1=/lib/firmware/<file1>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr2=/lib/firmware/<file2>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr3=/lib/firmware/<file3>.dtbo

If for some reason you need to disable the auto-loading of any of ^ those, use the option that matches your addrX: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

disable_uboot_overlay_addr0=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr1=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr2=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr3=1

4 more capes can be loaded via: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

uboot_overlay_addr4=/lib/firmware/<file4>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr5=/lib/firmware/<file5>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr6=/lib/firmware/<file6>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr7=/lib/firmware/<file7>.dtbo

Plus one custom cape:

dtb_overlay=/lib/firmware/<file8>.dtbo

U-Boot PRU Options

With v4.4.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-4-TI-00A0.dtbo

With mainline (boneX) PRU via uio (doesn't work with v4.9.x-ti yet)

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-UIO-00A0.dtbo

U-Boot Cape Universal

Utilize https://github.com/cdsteinkuehler/beaglebone-universal-io config-pin.

Cape Universal Supported Boards:

BeagleBone Black
BeagleBone Black Wireless
BeagleBone Green
BeagleBone Green Wireless
Element14 BeagleBone Black Industrial
MENTOREL BeagleBone uSomIQ
SanCloud BeagleBone Enhanced

Not Supported needs work/testing/etc

Arrow BeagleBone Black Industrial (different video phy)
Neuromeka BeagleBone Air (untested)

To enable, in /boot/uEnv.txt add:

enable_uboot_cape_universal=1

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-lxqt) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.9.40-ti-r52

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-lxqt/bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
17f0754c1998a36d57f32975863696a7fdbe6e3fa8493f8df0fa69af3a98f75a  bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2017-08-01 - Debian 8 (Jessie) - Monthly

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie with 3.8.x kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-02-12/machinekit/bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb*
18361e0426715974b5a0e7f014ff1bf26db2421cbf8d61622efd2856cd8c6214  bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2017-08-01 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.07
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/lxqt-4gb/BBB-blank-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
886a09aea6490017938788f826fe53588afb0f2442382db1f01d559a12e1caeb  BBB-blank-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
c8b3c2f6f2436f9b2942516935ce810bd8448526b1514ef58ea484f55345af7e  bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
8956d7e24d42c875432016de9f35a9016cf0a54d1b803ec984ad30c1df131741  bbx15-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.9-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-2gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/lxqt-2gb/bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-08-01-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-08-01-2gb*
c3eec01644883d71b4c2690f7df0a66e6ad5f10a467e8ca7357a80397d22b746  bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-08-01-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-08-01-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-xm-4gb) (BeagleBoard xM)

  • Kernel: 4.12.4-armv7-x3

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/lxqt-xm-4gb/bbxm-debian-8.9-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-8.9-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
971f0bd5bc24f75d9a12746f8fd5cbe63ea6009113b8fe6e5f87a1c0d257c959  bbxm-debian-8.9-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-8.9-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot iot

Flasher: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/iot/BBB-blank-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
d005a25efed7fe5b4baa9ec04cd51f438013351b36ce529eb0c5e2863c87104e  BBB-blank-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/iot/bone-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
cc2131b24edfa5897a63ca2dbd6b386d15cbb5ac81f0456903c6487d1a1bfc38  bone-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/iot/bbx15-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb*
c9f5fbeaab7081cd7b2f3d73ee5d71bc92cf99681a61b0f7760b864c358e865a  bbx15-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.9-iot-armhf-2017-08-01-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot console

microSD/Standalone: (console) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/console/bone-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb*
568db0f0f1dbd3b1670ff3cdeee9d09ff72629902e2f849ca2b58e4f1863d714  bone-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-01/console/bbx15-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb*
101bcd101d5315082492ed51c21a271fc40704838987e55016667ab07262638e  bbx15-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.9-console-armhf-2017-08-01-1gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

2017-08-06 - Debian 9 (Stretch) - Weekly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

2017-08-06 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.07
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]

Stretch Snapshot lxqt

Flasher: (stretch-lxqt) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

  • Kernel: 4.9.40-ti-r52

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-lxqt/BBB-blank-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
806e2ef92e1f40306256264c3c14ad188a6f6f477ec252859f0d93580df13066  BBB-blank-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-lxqt) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.9.40-ti-r52

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-lxqt/bone-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
09447ac53acdb8ffef7b7b05b228a1629ddbd2fba8cd8979148e4f7bb35507b6  bone-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-lxqt) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.9.40-ti-r52

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-lxqt/bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
17f0754c1998a36d57f32975863696a7fdbe6e3fa8493f8df0fa69af3a98f75a  bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-9.1-lxqt-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-xm) (BeagleBoard xM)

  • Kernel: 4.12.4-armv7-x3

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/lxqt-xm/bbxm-debian-9.1-lxqt-xm-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-9.1-lxqt-xm-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
782db5a04cfc87c4b367c09240dee6b5ec37d82af50bfaec0f2e6dd281b7ed06  bbxm-debian-9.1-lxqt-xm-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-9.1-lxqt-xm-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Stretch Snapshot iot

Flasher: (stretch-iot) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-iot/BBB-blank-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
bd16431055e1fca65287926a7d94157c2d3447272337d02d4d7ada20bf8fa80e  BBB-blank-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-iot/bone-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
b8f55dbd8637dad990c4188f4bfe9c09aca2ba5a0a0447023e4ecab15e82d7b7  bone-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-iot) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.4.68-ti-r115

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-iot/bbx15-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb*
75faf7245112038035f01fb0fe8a9d486afdb274dc87105ccab24e78beb951fd  bbx15-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-9.1-iot-armhf-2017-08-06-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Stretch Snapshot console

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-console) (All BeagleBone Variants)

  • Kernel: 4.9.40-ti-r52

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-console/bone-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb*
08d6d7a1ead63ea40eb4d2f4cf1af28419085b41b8c2e19bb70b70f025e8d872  bone-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

  • Kernel: 4.9.40-ti-r52

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-08-06/stretch-console/bbx15-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb*
5743cebcb2f319806344a7549ce5b4fcd427f9cdd968df6357ea7947082ec640  bbx15-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-9.1-console-armhf-2017-08-06-1gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp