Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. *Note, img files with the words "eMMC-flasher" already had this enabled...*

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

i take full responsibility for knowing my beagle is now insecure

as of 2017-02-19, BeagleBoard images now longer enable these insecure options by default, you are free to recreate them as you wish.

remove root password

root_password=$(cat /etc/shadow | grep root | awk -F ':' '{print $2}')
sed -i -e 's:'$root_password'::g' /etc/shadow

ssh root@beaglebone.local

sed -i -e 's:PermitEmptyPasswords no:PermitEmptyPasswords yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:UsePAM yes:UsePAM no:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:PermitRootLogin without-password:PermitRootLogin yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

sudo no password required

echo "debian  ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

U-Boot Overlays

Check via serial

U-Boot SPL 2017.05-00002-gc5dd2565b4 (May 08 2017 - 11:44:16)
Trying to boot from MMC1

U-Boot 2017.05-00002-gc5dd2565b4 (May 08 2017 - 11:44:16 -0500), Build: jenkins-github_Bootloader-Builder-549

Check via system

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ git pull
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ sudo ./version.sh | grep bootloader
bootloader:[microSD-(push-button)]:[/dev/mmcblk0]:[U-Boot 2017.05-00002-gc5dd2565b4]

To upgrade your version of U-Boot:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/developers/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo ./update_bootloader.sh
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo reboot

U-Boot Capes added:

NHD-7.0CTP-CAPE Family
BB-BONE-NH7C-01-A0.dtbo (first added in: 2017.05-rc2-00002-g86566339a9 (Apr 28 2017 - 10:18:57))

U-Boot /boot/uEnv.txt configuration

/boot/uEnv.txt:

enable_uboot_overlays=1

U-Boot Disable on-board devices

To Disable eMMC:

disable_uboot_overlay_emmc=1

To Disable HDMI VIDEO & AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_video=1

To Disable HDMI AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_audio=1

To Disable WL1835:

disable_uboot_overlay_wireless=1

To Disable BB-ADC: (first added in: 2017.05-rc1-00002-g35aecb22fe (Apr 05 2017 - 16:51:58))

disable_uboot_overlay_adc=1

U-Boot Override external capes

Cape device tree overlays: https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
uboot_overlay_addr0=/lib/firmware/<file0>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr1=/lib/firmware/<file1>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr2=/lib/firmware/<file2>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr3=/lib/firmware/<file3>.dtbo

If for some reason you need to disable the auto-loading of any of ^ those, use the option that matches your addrX: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

disable_uboot_overlay_addr0=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr1=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr2=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr3=1

4 more capes can be loaded via: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

uboot_overlay_addr4=/lib/firmware/<file4>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr5=/lib/firmware/<file5>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr6=/lib/firmware/<file6>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr7=/lib/firmware/<file7>.dtbo

Plus one custom cape:

dtb_overlay=/lib/firmware/<file8>.dtbo

U-Boot PRU Options

With v4.4.x-ti/v4.9.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-4-TI-00A0.dtbo

With mainline (boneX) PRU via uio

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-UIO-00A0.dtbo

U-Boot Cape Universal

Utilize https://github.com/cdsteinkuehler/beaglebone-universal-io config-pin.

Cape Universal Supported Boards:

BeagleBone Black
BeagleBone Black Wireless
BeagleBone Green
BeagleBone Green Wireless
Element14 BeagleBone Black Industrial
MENTOREL BeagleBone uSomIQ
SanCloud BeagleBone Enhanced

Not Supported needs work/testing/etc

Arrow BeagleBone Black Industrial (different video phy)
Neuromeka BeagleBone Air (untested)

To enable, in /boot/uEnv.txt add:

enable_uboot_cape_universal=1

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15) Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
20052c4e6a9beb17e897d903cda511400024d8b9a24b313b77e0fffd6157589c  bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2017-05-21

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie with 3.8.x kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-02-12/machinekit/bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb*
18361e0426715974b5a0e7f014ff1bf26db2421cbf8d61622efd2856cd8c6214  bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-02-12-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie with 4.4.x kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/machinekit/bone-debian-8.8-machinekit-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.8-machinekit-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
fc49b4976f8f528987f29b66c4676c97b9a70e6d5f9e7a022de9fa708c4c32b9  bone-debian-8.8-machinekit-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.8-machinekit-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2017-05-21 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.05
* Kernel: 4.4.62-ti-r104

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/lxqt-4gb/BBB-blank-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
1f417fec844b81501fa45e6ef88c8aee5e358b826f6f9b85fa97cce56199a5b1  BBB-blank-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
c052b0548595f716e993296c28ec6f7aaf0a675489d188e3de082505cc50c612  bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
20052c4e6a9beb17e897d903cda511400024d8b9a24b313b77e0fffd6157589c  bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.8-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-2gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/lxqt-2gb/bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-05-21-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-05-21-2gb*
1a34c391b1e68e48b08e56dd5ba68df19788e6993cb70c7bfb9923a4f2353213  bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-05-21-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.8-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-05-21-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-xm-4gb) (BeagleBoard xM)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/lxqt-xm-4gb/bbxm-debian-8.8-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-8.8-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
1c027d81d492bc4f726b861bafa9a20d45bb5dfb1653b0b408e84f03f974fb82  bbxm-debian-8.8-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-8.8-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot iot

Flasher: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/iot/BBB-blank-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
bce102ce5cd796e3c11116ee9cd596cfc2159a8403aee4b30df765116aea37a3  BBB-blank-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/iot/bone-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
eb731acde00713da54c36d7a6a8a7466f097178c1e80bf620204af9bf322fa14  bone-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/iot/bbx15-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
a50089c2aefd3e9846ad8752a70930f0c6c999a0d361fbaff368fd8bc547e142  bbx15-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.8-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot console

microSD/Standalone: (console) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/console/bone-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb*
5e7aed78ef42235c4d20d7e3f748f562cd33c11c3ae152bbc01ad1c20fffb37f  bone-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/console/bbx15-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb*
224d9264d8fcbc78de1a93ca365aad234916af0c013eea61e2ac5b9c261f7e88  bbx15-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.8-console-armhf-2017-05-21-1gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Stretch testing

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

2017-05-21 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.05
* Kernel: 4.4.62-ti-r104

Flasher: (stretch-iot) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/stretch-iot/BBB-blank-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
1169ee5f8b00c4440998b48a94820d3e007361c71a1d0a50fc00e35a195e8c7e  BBB-blank-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/stretch-iot/bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
d7ebf6aca8d5d67a0a914357b386a43483207ca5c327a6c0c27af0c867dd91de  bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-iot) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/stretch-iot/bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
514c00d198dfedd196eef329687d7056fc27893c5775504be1b0593674a077d1  bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Flasher: (stretch-lxqt) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/stretch-lxqt/BBB-blank-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
0d3d3e67f5f46af1fa64a6b600cbe8d1e17d650e983709232b2cb50fa0a51ccf  BBB-blank-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-lxqt) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/stretch-lxqt/bone-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
472ebec50bdab4054bb5ad12e65537cf0993ef03f8988b8515d4915c5c4e0a5a  bone-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (stretch-lxqt) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-05-21/stretch-lxqt/bbx15-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb*
1362e7cf0d513c93a2cc96c4b3c51db4b76162186721788c1be294c33b37afde  bbx15-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-stretch-lxqt-armhf-2017-05-21-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp