DE:RPi grundlegendes Hardware Setup

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Benötigte Hardware

Der RPi kann ohne zusätzliche Hardware benutzt werden (außer natürlich eine Stromquelle). Um ihn als einen normalen Computer zu gebrauche ist zusätzliche Hardware erforderlich.


Vorbereitete Betriebssystem SD Card

Der Raspberry Pi besitzt keinen internen Speicher oder integriertes Betriebssystem. Er benötigt eine SD-Karte, von der er bootet.

Du kannst deine eigene mit jeder passenden SD-Karte erstellen.

Vorinstallierte SD-Karten werden auch im RPi Shop erhältlich sein.

Genauere Informationen findest du im RPi Distributionen Abschnitt.

Tastatur und Maus

Die meisten Standard USB-Tastaturen und Mäuse werden mit dem RPi funktionieren. (Funktion ist abhängig von der entsprechenden Linux-Distribution und dem Gerät an sich)

Wireless keyboard/mice should also function (such as ones which use RF USB dongles), obviously in order to use a Bluetooth Keyboard or Mouse you would need to add a Bluetooth Dongle (again support will depend on the distribution of linux you use and the device itself)

Also, remember the Model-A unit only has a single USB port and the Model-B only has two (typically a keyboard and mouse will use a USB port each) - see USB-Hub below.

More detailed information see RPi Verified Peripherals section.

Bildschirm

There are two main connection options for the RPi display, Composite or HDMI (or DVI via an HDMI-DVI adaptor).

Modern HD TVs or LCD Monitors can be connected using HDMI or DVI inputs and will provide the best quality.

Most older TVs can be connected using Composite input (or SCART via an adaptor).

Note: There is no VGA output available, so older CRT/LCD monitors may not work.

More detailed information see Rpi Screens section.


USB-Hub

In order to connect additional devices to the RPi, you may want to obtain a Powered USB Hub, which will allow multiple devices to be used.

It is recommended that a powered hub is used, to provide any additional power to the devices without effecting the RPi itself (see RPi Hardware - Power section).

Stromquelle

The unit uses a Micro USB connection to power itself (only the power pins are connected - so it will not transfer data over this connection). You can use a range of power sources (assuming they are able to provide enough current ~700mA):

  1. USB Mobile-Phone/Tablet Charger (mains or car)
  2. Computer USB Port (will depend on power output)
  3. Mobile Phone Backup Battery (will depend on power output) - needs confirmation...theory only

Suitable mains adaptors will also be available from the RPi Shop.

More detailed information about the RPi power requirements are in the RPi Hardware - Power section.

Kabel

You will probably need a number of cables in order to connect your RPi up.

  1. Micro USB Power Cable
  2. HDMI or Composite cable to connect your Raspberry to the Display/Monitor/TV of your choice.
  3. Network Cable (if connecting Model-B RPi to a LAN network)


Gehäuse

Since the RPi is supplied without a case, it will be important to ensure that you do not use it in places where it will come into contact with conductive metal or liquids, unless suitably protected.

For many some form of a case will be worth considering.

More detailed information see Rpi Cases section .


zusätzliche Peripherie

You may decide you want to use various other devices with your RPi, such as Flash Drives/Portable Hard Drives, WiFi adaptors (support will vary), Speakers etc.

More detailed information see RPi Verified Peripherals section.

Erweiterungen & Low Level Peripherie

If you plan on making use of the low level interfaces available on the RPi, then ensure you have suitable header pins for the GPIO (and if required JTAG) suitable for your needs.

Also if you have a particular low-level project in mind, then ensure you design in suitable protection circuits to keep your RPi safe (details will be made available within the RPi Projects, Guides & Tutorials section).

More detailed information see Rpi Low-level Peripherals section.

Connecting Together

When you have your RPi, all your devices and your cables, you can use the diagram below to put them all together.

NOTE:
It is always recommended to connect the MicroUSB Power to the unit last
(while most connections can be made live, it is best practice to connect
items such as displays/h/w pin connections with the power turned off).


A diagram denoting the places of the different components on the Rpi, made by Paul Beech