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Revision as of 20:05, 7 August 2011 by AmyS3 (Talk | contribs) (Provisional specification)

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Diese Webseite sammelt alle Informationen über Raspberry Pi Foundation's ultra-low-cost (~15GBP oder 25USD) Linux Computer um Kindern die Programmierung von Computern zu lehren.

Die Raspberry Pi Foundation ist eine in England registrierte wohltätige Organisation (Registrierungs Nummer 1129409) welche existiert,
um das Studium der Computerwissenschaft und deren relevanten Themen zu fördern.
Besonders auf dem Schulniveau, um das lernen mit dem Computerumgang wieder spass zu bereiten.
Wir erwarten das dieser Computer noch viele andere Anwendungen findet. In der entwickelten Welt und der entwickler Welt.

Achtung das Raspberry Pi ist noch nicht erhältlich - Diese Seite ist ein Gemeinschaftswerk in Vorbereitung zur Veröffentlichung

NEWS:


Events

The following are general-interest industry events and are not an indication that Raspberry Pi will be attending, exhibiting or speaking at the event. For Raspberry Pi event and speaker schedule, please contact press@raspberrypi.org.


Provisorische Spezifikationen

Das erste Produkt wird ungefähr die Größe einer Kreditkarte haben und ist designed um in einen Fernseher eingesteckt zu werden,
oder in Kombination mit einem Touchscreen als ein günstiger Tablet-PC.
Der zu erwartende Preis für ein Voll-funktionsfähiges Gerät beträgt $25.

  • 700MHz Broadcom Media Prozessor mit einem ARM11 (ARM1176JZF-S) Kern, Broadcom GPU Kern, DSP Kern und möglichkeit für Package-on-Package (PoP) RAM
  • 128MiB (Modell A) oder 256MiB SDRAM (Modell B), angebracht auf der Oberseite der CPU als ein PoP Gerät
  • OpenGL ES 2.0
  • 1080p30 H.264 High-Profile Dekodierung
  • Composite und HDMI Video ausgabe
  • Ein USB 2.0 Anschluss, bereitgestellt von dem BCMxxxx
  • SD/MMC/SDIO Speicherkarteneinschub
  • General-purpose I/O (ca. 16 stück mit 3v3) und verschiedene andere Schnittstellen, zugänglich als 1.27mm Pinleiste
  • Optional eingebauter 2-port USB hub und 10/100 Ethernet Controller (Modell B)
  • Open software (Ubuntu, Iceweasel, KOffice, Python)
  • Fähigkeit zur unterstützung diverser Erweiterungskarten

Availability

Estimated availability (as of 1st August 2011) is end of November 2011.

Case

A protective case is an often-cited required accessory. Cases are likely to be offered both directly from Raspberry Pi and from 3rd party companies such as Special Computing.

Netzteil - Stromversorgung

Provisorischen Informationen zufolge wird das Board eine Netzgeräte-Einbaukupplung besitzen die 6-20V akzeptiert. (möglicherweise 5-16V)

Expansion boards

It is likely that expansion boards will be offered both by Raspberry Pi Foundation and by 3rd parties.

Beginners guide

You just got your new Raspberry Pi device, and now? See beginners guides.

Hardware

The first product is about the size of a credit card, and is designed to plug into a TV or be combined with a touch screen accessory for a low cost tablet. The product will be available in two configurations: Model A and Model B. The expected price is $25 for a fully-configured Model-A system and around $35 for a Model B.

Components

(PCB IDs are those of the Model B Alpha board)

Based on a new Broadcom media processor (Raspberry Pi are currently redacting the chip model number in comments on their forum).

  • SoC: Broadcom BCMxxxx media procesor system-on-chip featuring:
    • CPU core: ARM1176JZF-S ARM11 core clocked at 700MHz; ARM VFP.
    • GPU core: an unnamed Broadcom proprietary GPU providing Open GL ES 2.0, hardware-accelerated OpenVG, and 1080p30 H.264 high-profile decode. There are 24 GFLOPS of general purpose compute and a bunch of texture filtering and DMA infrastructure. Eben worked on the architecture team for this and the Raspberry Pi team are looking at how they can make some of the proprietary features available to application programmers
    • DSP core: There is a DSP, but there isn't currently a public API (Liz thinks the BC team are keen to make one available at some point)
    • RAM: 128MiB (Model A) or 256MiB (Model B) of SDRAM. The RAM is physically stacked on top of the Broadcom media processor (package-on-package technology)
  • Either 1x USB 2.0 (Model A) or LAN9512 (Data Brief | Data Sheet) providing 10/100Mb Ethernet and 2x USB 2.0 (J10: Model B)
  • 1.27mm header providing ~16 GPIOs at 3v3, I2C and SPI interfaces
  • 1.27mm header providing MIPI CSI-2 & DSI interfaces
  • J1: DC Jack (6-20v input provisionally)
  • HDMI connector providing HDMI 1.3a out
  • SD/MMC/SDIO memory card slot
  • J5: JTAG (ARM11)
  • J6: Audio connector: 3.5mm stereo jack
  • J7: Composite Video connector: RCA


  • Board size: Credit-card or smaller.
  • Weight: <40g?
  • Currently 6 layer PCB; target: 4 layer

Handbuch

Eine Dokumentation wird bei der Veröffentlichung des Gerätes erhältlich sein. (momentanes Ziel ~November 2011)

Schematic / Layout

Errata

Clocking

  • Provisional main CPU clock speed is 700MHz
  • No data currently released on the GPU or other component clock speeds

Power management

  • Target power consumption is <1W

DLP Pico projector

The boards have both Composite and HDMI outputs so should interface with a range of DLP Pico projectors on the market.

Interfacing to Raw LCD Panels

No data currently available.

If the touchscreen interface talks via USB, they choose Linux as an OS, and there's Linux support for the touchscreen, the answer would be "yes".

General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO), I2C, SPI

There are approximately 16 spare GPIOs, which are brought out to 1.27mm pin-strip. Voltage levels are 3v3. The connector choice is deliberately annoying to connect to directly; there is no over-voltage protection on the board so the intention is that people interested in serious interfacing will use an external board with buffers, level conversion and analog I/O rather than soldering directly onto the main board.

We also bring 2x I2C (3v3) and an SPI (3v3) interface out to the same connector.

MIPI CSI-2 & DSI

We also bring out MIPI CSI-2 & DSI interfaces to a 1.27 mm pinstrip.

BootRom

The boards do not include NAND or NOR storage - everything is on the SD card, which has a FAT32 partition with GPU firmware and a kernel image, and an EXT2 partition with the rootfs.

We're not currently using a bootloader - we actually boot via the GPU, which contains a proprietary RISC core (wacky architecture ;) . The GPU mounts the SD card, loads GPU firmware and brings up display/video/3d, loads a kernel image, resets the SD card host and starts the ARM.

You could replace the kernel image with a bootloader image, and that would work fine.


Code

Code and binaries for Raspberry Pi will be available at various places from launch.

Binaries

Source

Compiler

The Broadcom processor on Raspberry Pi contains an ARM v6 general purpose processor and a GPU of currently unknown origin. No data is currently available on other cores (if any) available in the BCMxxxx.

ARM

There is broad compiler support including gcc - please see ARM Compilers

GPU

The GPU provides APIs for Open GL ES 2.0, hardware-accelerated OpenVG, and 1080p30 H.264 high-profile decode.

The GPU is capable of 1Gpixel/s, 1.5Gtexel/s or 24 GFLOPs of general purpose compute and features a bunch of texture filtering and DMA infrastructure - the Raspberry Pi team are looking at how they can make this available to application programmers.

DSP

There is a DSP, but there isn't currently a public API (Liz thinks the BC team are keen to make one available at some point).

Development environments

Instead of just using compiler + editor, you can use complete image create "development tool chains" which integrate compiler, build system, packaging tools etc. in one tool chain.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu is currently listed as the default distribution on the Raspberry Pi website.

Eben says (regarding default distribution): "Either Ubuntu or Fedora; the main point in Fedora’s favour is their ongoing support for ARMv6 architectures."

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/ARM

Fedora

Eben says (regarding default distribution): "Either Ubuntu or Fedora; the main point in Fedora’s favour is their ongoing support for ARMv6 architectures."

http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Architectures/ARM

Meego & XBMC

The MeeGo project provides a Linux-based, open source software platform for the next generation of computing devices. The MeeGo software platform is designed to give developers the broadest range of device segments to target for their applications, including netbooks, handheld computing and communications devices, in-vehicle infotainment devices, smart TVs, tablets and more – all using a uniform set of APIs based on Qt. XBMC is an award-winning free and open source (GPL) software media player and entertainment hub for digital media. Meego TV 1.2 uses XBMC as a reference GUI (that is, a starting point for creating a custom GUI).

http://www.madeo.co.uk/?p=783 http://www.madeo.co.uk/?page_id=605

Android

http://www.arm.com/community/software-enablement/google/solution-center-android/index.php

EMBINUX

Debian ARM

http://www.debian.org/ports/arm/

RISC OS

RISC OS is a fast and lightweight computer operating system designed in Cambridge, England by Acorn. First released in 1987, its origins can be traced back to the original team that developed the ARM microprocessor. RISC OS includes BBC BASIC which was primarily conceived to teach programming skills as part of the BBC computer literacy project.

https://www.riscosopen.org/content/

GeeXboX ARM

GeeXboX is a free and Open Source Media-Center purposed Linux distribution for embedded devices and desktop computers. GeeXboX is not an application, it’s a full-featured OS, that one can boot as a LiveCD, from a USB key, an SD/MMC card or install on its regular HDD. The GeeXboX distribution is lightweight and designed for one single goal: embed all major multimedia applications as to turn your computer into an HTPC.

http://www.geexbox.org/category/arm/

Scratchbox

Scratchbox is a cross-compilation toolkit designed to make embedded Linux application development easier. It also provides a full set of tools to integrate and cross-compile an entire Linux distribution. To find out what it can do, take a look at some of the documentation.

http://www.scratchbox.org/

OpenEmbedded

Eclipse

Mamona

Other software

Flash

From Eben: "We'll have to take a look. We support hardware-accelerated OpenVG, and have had Flash Lite running incredibly fast. Personally, I'd like to get the official hardware-accelerated Flash 10 going on there, running against OpenGL ES 2.0, but that's something to think about after the launch."

Software hints

This section collects hints, tips & tricks for various software components.

Graphics accelerator

FAQ

  • For Raspberry Pi frequently asked questions (FAQ) see FAQ.
  • Raspberry Pi Forum FAQ: Forum FAQ

News articles and blog posts about Raspberry Pi

Articles

Video

Audio

Photos

Raspberry Pi wiki pages

Links

Home page

raspberrypi.org (RaspberryPi home)

  • Using Google you can search raspberrypi.org (including Forum) using site:raspberrypi.org <search term>. The home page and forum each have their own search facilitiy also.

Manuals and resources

Contact and communication

Books

Education & Training materials

Programming

Raspberry Pi plans to support Python and C as primary teaching languages, but expect to have some sort of BASIC on there too. Perhaps even BBC BASIC or SuperBASIC depending on copyright issues.

Programming languages, IDEs, etc

Graphical Programming

Robotics

Uncategorised

See also Category:Education

Past events

Manufacturing

Compliancy

Products are RoHS and CE compliant. Please contact Raspberry Pi for details regarding WEEE in your country.

Shipping

Raspberry Pi will ship worldwide to the best of their ability (ie subject to UK export and local import laws). China should be

Raspberry Pi devices will ship from the UK and Raspberry Pi will be looking to sign up distribution partners in due course.

Subpages

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Thanks

  • The layout for this page is based on the excellent BeagleBoard page on this site.
  • Some of the text on this page has been adapted from contributions made by the contributors to the BeagleBoard page on this site.

Foreign Language Translations