Difference between revisions of "EBC Exercise 08 Installing Development Tools"

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[[Category:ECE497]]
 
[[Category:ECE497]]
 
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{{EBC3.8}}See [[EBC Exercise 08 Installing Development Tools 3.2]] if you are working with the 3.2 kernel.
  
Early in the class most of the exercises we will do will all run on the BeagleBoard. You'll be able to edit ([http://projects.gnome.org/gedit/ gedit]), compile ([http://gcc.gnu.org/ gcc]) and run all on the Beagle.  Later, when we start compiling the kernel [http://www.kernel.org/] or the boot loader, ([http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot U-boot]) you will need to cross compile on a Linux machine and copy the results to the Beagle.
+
Early in the class most of the exercises we will do will all run on the BeagleBoard. You'll be able to edit ([http://projects.gnome.org/gedit/ gedit]), compile ([http://gcc.gnu.org/ gcc]) and run all on the Beagle.  Later, when we start compiling the [http://www.kernel.org/ kernel] or the boot loader, ([http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot U-boot]) you will need to cross compile on a Linux machine and copy the results to the Beagle.
  
 
The purpose of this exercise is to install all the tools needed for compiling on your host so they will be ready when you need them.
 
The purpose of this exercise is to install all the tools needed for compiling on your host so they will be ready when you need them.
Line 10: Line 11:
 
'''Tip:''' Run this exercise using a wired connection if you can. The Ubuntu wireless driver can be finicky, and if it stops working you'll have to restart some of this.
 
'''Tip:''' Run this exercise using a wired connection if you can. The Ubuntu wireless driver can be finicky, and if it stops working you'll have to restart some of this.
  
== The Kernel ==
+
== The 3.8 Kernel ==
 +
{{EBC3.8}}Make sure you installed the cross compiler ([[EBC Exercise 08a Cross-Compiling]]) before doing this exercise.
  
These instructions have been tested for the 3.2.25 kernel.
+
=== Getting the 3.8 Kernel ===
  
=== download ===
+
These notes taken from [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJ9nUqYMjqs&t=4m10s Beaglebone: Adding USB Wi-Fi & Building a Linux Kernel] starting around 4 minutes and ending around 21 minutes.  Uses kernel from [http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black Robert C. Nelson's BeagleBone Black] page.
These are notes are based on [https://github.com/beagleboard/kernel/blob/6682025752d0b807119c1e363a0b1b9bfe2ab453/README.md Beagleboard kernel git site].
+
  
First download the tools needed to compile the kernelThis took about 25 seconds.
+
host$ '''git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev.git'''
  host$ '''sudo apt-get install -y git lzop gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi uboot-mkimage'''
+
host$ '''cd linux-dev.git'''
 +
host$ '''git checkout origin/am33x-v3.8 -b am33x-v3.8'''
 +
host$ '''time git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git'''  (21 minutes)
 +
host$ '''cp system.sh.sample system.sh'''
 +
Now make the following changes to '''system.sh'''The <code>></code> shows what's in system.sh.sample. The <code><</code> shows what you should change it to.
 +
  host$ '''diff system.sh*'''
 +
15c15
 +
< CC=arm-linux-gnueabi-
 +
---
 +
> #CC=arm-linux-gnueabi-
 +
21c21
 +
< LINUX_GIT=~/BeagleBoard/linux-stable/
 +
---
 +
> #LINUX_GIT=/home/user/linux-stable/
 +
31c31
 +
< ZRELADDR=0x80008000
 +
---
 +
> #ZRELADDR=0x80008000
  
Next download the tools to get the kernel and the patches needed to make it run on the beagle. (2.5 seconds)
+
Now build the kernel.
  host$ '''cd ~/BeagleBoard'''
+
  host$ '''./build_kernel.sh'''
  host$ '''git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/kernel.git'''
+
  + Detected build host [Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS]
  host$ '''git checkout 6a7c4284a16fed3dae87f4aef78b59c902e4da84 -b beaglebone-3.2'''
+
  + host: [x86_64]
 +
+ git HEAD commit: [6a8557f75f5b35a79729308379adc13b43535806]
 +
Debian/Ubuntu/Mint: missing dependicies, please install:
 +
-----------------------------
 +
sudo apt-get update
 +
sudo apt-get install build-essential device-tree-compiler fakeroot lzma lzop u-boot-tools libncurses5-dev ia32-libs
 +
-----------------------------
 +
* Failed dependency check
  
Next download the kernel and the patches.  Before running '''./patch/sh''', take a look at it.  Can you figure out what it's doing?  Also look at '''patch_script.sh''', it's where the details are. The downloading/patching process takes some 39 minutes.
+
The build script is telling you what you need to install. Do the installs and rerun the build command.
  host$ '''less patch.sh patch_script.sh'''
+
  host$ '''./build_kernel.sh'''
  host$ '''./patch.sh'''
+
  + Detected build host [Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS]
  host$ '''cp patches/beaglebone/defconfig kernel/arch/arm/configs/beaglebone_defconfig
+
  Debian/Ubuntu/Mint: missing dependicies, please install:
  host$ '''wget http://arago-project.org/git/projects/?p=am33x-cm3.git\;a=blob_plain\;f=bin/am335x-pm-firmware.bin\;hb=HEAD -O kernel/firmware/am335x-pm-firmware.bin'''
+
  -----------------------------
  host$ '''md5sum kernel/firmware/am335x-pm-firmware.bin'''
+
  sudo apt-get update
  17d6a4c24d3cb720aa9ed4522cb891fc  kernel/firmware/am335x-pm-firmware.bin
+
sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev
 +
-----------------------------
 +
* Failed dependency check
 +
If you don't get this error, move to the next step. I fixed this error by editing <code>linux-dev/tools/host_det.sh</code> and commenting out the line:
 +
  # dpkg -l | grep libncurses5-dev | grep ${deb_arch} >/dev/null || deb_pkgs="${deb_pkgs}libncurses5-dev "
 +
It was looking for amd64 in the <code>dpkg -l</code> listing and it wasn't appearing.
  
=== compile ===
+
=== Building the 3.8 Kernel ===
Once patched you are ready to compile the kernel.  The first time takes a while.  Mine tool 4 minutes, but I was running on 8 cores.  Set the '''-j''X'' ''' to match the number of cores you have. '''uImage''' is the kernel!
+
host$ '''cd kernel'''
+
host$ '''make beaglebone_defconfig'''
+
Do the above once.
+
  
host$ '''export ARCH=arm'''
+
Rerun the kernel build
  host$ '''export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi-'''
+
  host$ '''./build_kernel.sh'''
Do the above once per terminal session.
+
At some point you will see
 +
[[File:KernelConfiguration.png]]
 +
[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJ9nUqYMjqs&t=13m30s Go back to the video above and forward to 13:30].  Here you will see how to configure the kernel. Once you've exited the configuration tool the kernel will start compiling.  If you have a multicore machine you will see all the cores busy.  It's only a few more minutes before it is done.
  
host$ '''make -j9'''
+
=== Installing the 3.8 Kernel on Your Black Bone ===
host$ '''make uImage'''
+
Do the above every time you recompile the kernel
+
  
You also need all the kernel modules. Here we create a directory to install them in. (a few seconds)
+
==== Booting off the SD card ====
  host$ '''mkdir ../rootfs'''
+
So far you'be been running everything off the onboard 2G flash. You can continue to do so, but when installing a new kernel there is a good chance you mess up your image and it will be another 45 minutes to reflash itInstead go back to [[EBC_Exercise_03_Installing_a_Beagle_OS]] an instead of installing the eMMC flasher image from [http://beagleboard.org/latest-images], install the '''BeagleBone (Runs on BeagleBone Black as well without flashing the eMMC)''' image (first list).
host$ '''make INSTALL_MOD_PATH=../rootfs modules_install'''
+
  
=== install ===
+
This time when you plug in the SD and boot the bone will boot from the SD card (rather than copying a new image to the 2G builting flash).  I suggest programming 2 or 3 SD cards with this image. That way if you really mess up one you can always switch to a another card and keep going.
Copy the kernel and the modules to the Beagle.  (a minute or so)
+
host$ '''cd ..'''
+
  host$ '''scp kernel/arch/arm/boot/uImage root@beagle:/boot/uImage-3.2.25+
+
host$ '''cd rootfs'''
+
host$ '''find -H -depth | cpio -o -H crc | ssh root@beagle 'cd /; cpio -id' '''
+
  
Now log into the beagle and move some things around.
+
Also, if you are booting from the SD and mess up something, you can plug the messed up card into your host computer and fix things and try it again.
host$ '''ssh root@beagle
+
  
This will copy the kernel to the ext4 partition.
+
==== Copying to the SD Card ====
beagle$ '''cd /boot'''
+
Now install by inserting the SD to be installed on into your host machine and run:
  beagle$ '''rm uImage'''
+
  host$ ./tools/install_kernel.sh
beagle$ '''ln -s uImage-3.2.25+ uImage'''
+
  
This will copy to the FAT partition.
+
Mine failed because there wasn't enough space on the VFAT partition for uImage, however uImage isn't needed there, so I just editted <code>install_kernel.sh</code> and commented out line '''160'''
beagle$ '''mkdir /media/mmcblk0p1'''
+
  # mmc_partition_discover
  beagle$ '''mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/mmcblk0p1'''
+
This keeps it from installing on the VFAT partition.
beagle$ '''cp /boot/uImage-3.2.25+ /media/uImage'''
+
  
=== reboot ===
+
==== Updating and running off the eMMC ====
Make sure screen is running on your host so you can see the shutdown and boot processes.
+
[[EBC_Exercise_23_Configuring_the_Kernel#Making_and_Installing_the_kernel]] has instructions for copying the correct files to the eMMC to update the kernel.
host$ '''screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200'''
+
 
+
If you get an error try changing making yourself the owner of /dev/ttyUSB0.
+
host$ '''sudo chown ''yoder:yoder'' /dev/ttyUSB0'''
+
host$ '''screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200'''
+
 
+
Then restart you beagle
+
beagle$ '''shutdown -r now'''
+
 
+
If all goes well you will boot into your new kernel.
+
beagle$ '''uname -a'''
+
Linux beaglebone 3.2.25+ #1 Fri Oct 19 11:05:28 EDT 2012 armv7l GNU/Linux
+
  
 
== DAS U-boot ==
 
== DAS U-boot ==
These instructions came from [http://www.eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/Home eewiki].
+
These instructions came from [http://www.eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black#BeagleBoneBlack-Bootloader Robert C Nelson's eewiki.net].
  
 
=== download ===
 
=== download ===
While we're at it, let's get the boot loader we'll be using.  It takes some 3 minutes.
+
While we're at it, let's get the boot loader we'll be using.  It takes some 40 seconds.
  
 
  host$ '''cd ~/BeagleBoard'''
 
  host$ '''cd ~/BeagleBoard'''
 
  host$ '''git clone git://git.denx.de/u-boot.git'''
 
  host$ '''git clone git://git.denx.de/u-boot.git'''
 
  host$ '''cd u-boot/'''
 
  host$ '''cd u-boot/'''
  host$ '''git checkout v2012.10-rc2 -b tmp'''
+
  host$ '''git checkout v2013.07 -b tmp'''
 +
 
 +
=== U-Boot Patches ===
 +
host$ '''wget https://raw.github.com/eewiki/u-boot-patches/master/v2013.07/0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch'''
 +
host$ '''patch -p1 < 0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch'''
  
 
=== compile ===
 
=== compile ===
Now configure and build.  The first time takes some 4 minutes.  After that it's only 5 seconds or so. (Replace '''am335x_evm_config''' with '''omap3_beagle_config''' if you are compiling for the xM.)
+
Now configure and build.  The first time takes some 1.5 minutes.  After that it's only 5 seconds or so.
  host$ '''make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi- am335x_evm_config'''
+
host$ '''source ~/crossCompileEnv.sh'''  
  host$ '''make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi-'''
+
host$ '''make distclean'''
 +
  host$ '''make am335x_evm_config'''
 +
  host$ '''make'''
  
 
=== install ===
 
=== install ===
  
 
  host$ '''scp u-boot.img root@beagle:.'''
 
  host$ '''scp u-boot.img root@beagle:.'''
  beagle$ '''mkdir /media/mmcblk0p1'''
+
  beagle$ '''mkdir /media/BONE'''
  beagle$ '''mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/mmcblk0p1'''
+
  beagle$ '''mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/BONE'''
  beagle$ '''cd /media/mmcblk0p1'''
+
  beagle$ '''cd /media/BONE'''
 
  beagle$ '''mv u-boot.img u-boot.img.orig'''  # Save the working u-boot
 
  beagle$ '''mv u-boot.img u-boot.img.orig'''  # Save the working u-boot
 
  beagle$ '''cp ~/u-boot.img u-boot.img.new'''
 
  beagle$ '''cp ~/u-boot.img u-boot.img.new'''
 
  beagle$ '''cp u-boot.img.new u-boot.img'''
 
  beagle$ '''cp u-boot.img.new u-boot.img'''
 +
 
Once installed you are ready for u-boot work.
 
Once installed you are ready for u-boot work.
 +
 +
== Recovering ==
 +
If your Beagle fails to boot, follow the [[EBC_Exercise_22_Recovering]] instructions to recover.
  
 
{{YoderFoot}}
 
{{YoderFoot}}

Revision as of 05:50, 16 September 2013

thumb‎ Embedded Linux Class by Mark A. Yoder


3.8 Kernel

See EBC Exercise 08 Installing Development Tools 3.2 if you are working with the 3.2 kernel.

Early in the class most of the exercises we will do will all run on the BeagleBoard. You'll be able to edit (gedit), compile (gcc) and run all on the Beagle. Later, when we start compiling the kernel or the boot loader, (U-boot) you will need to cross compile on a Linux machine and copy the results to the Beagle.

The purpose of this exercise is to install all the tools needed for compiling on your host so they will be ready when you need them.

Instructions for building Ångström are given here; however there are a few changes you have to make. Here's what I did.

Tip: Run this exercise using a wired connection if you can. The Ubuntu wireless driver can be finicky, and if it stops working you'll have to restart some of this.

The 3.8 Kernel

3.8 Kernel

Make sure you installed the cross compiler (EBC Exercise 08a Cross-Compiling) before doing this exercise.

Getting the 3.8 Kernel

These notes taken from Beaglebone: Adding USB Wi-Fi & Building a Linux Kernel starting around 4 minutes and ending around 21 minutes. Uses kernel from Robert C. Nelson's BeagleBone Black page.

host$ git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev.git
host$ cd linux-dev.git
host$ git checkout origin/am33x-v3.8 -b am33x-v3.8
host$ time git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git  (21 minutes)
host$ cp system.sh.sample system.sh

Now make the following changes to system.sh. The > shows what's in system.sh.sample. The < shows what you should change it to.

host$ diff system.sh*
15c15
< CC=arm-linux-gnueabi-
---
> #CC=arm-linux-gnueabi-
21c21
< LINUX_GIT=~/BeagleBoard/linux-stable/
---
> #LINUX_GIT=/home/user/linux-stable/
31c31
< ZRELADDR=0x80008000
---
> #ZRELADDR=0x80008000

Now build the kernel.

host$ ./build_kernel.sh
+ Detected build host [Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS]
+ host: [x86_64]
+ git HEAD commit: [6a8557f75f5b35a79729308379adc13b43535806]
Debian/Ubuntu/Mint: missing dependicies, please install:
-----------------------------
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential device-tree-compiler fakeroot lzma lzop u-boot-tools libncurses5-dev ia32-libs 
-----------------------------
* Failed dependency check

The build script is telling you what you need to install. Do the installs and rerun the build command.

host$ ./build_kernel.sh
+ Detected build host [Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS]
Debian/Ubuntu/Mint: missing dependicies, please install:
-----------------------------
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev 
-----------------------------
* Failed dependency check

If you don't get this error, move to the next step. I fixed this error by editing linux-dev/tools/host_det.sh and commenting out the line:

#	dpkg -l | grep libncurses5-dev | grep ${deb_arch} >/dev/null || deb_pkgs="${deb_pkgs}libncurses5-dev "

It was looking for amd64 in the dpkg -l listing and it wasn't appearing.

Building the 3.8 Kernel

Rerun the kernel build

host$ ./build_kernel.sh

At some point you will see KernelConfiguration.png Go back to the video above and forward to 13:30. Here you will see how to configure the kernel. Once you've exited the configuration tool the kernel will start compiling. If you have a multicore machine you will see all the cores busy. It's only a few more minutes before it is done.

Installing the 3.8 Kernel on Your Black Bone

Booting off the SD card

So far you'be been running everything off the onboard 2G flash. You can continue to do so, but when installing a new kernel there is a good chance you mess up your image and it will be another 45 minutes to reflash it. Instead go back to EBC_Exercise_03_Installing_a_Beagle_OS an instead of installing the eMMC flasher image from [1], install the BeagleBone (Runs on BeagleBone Black as well without flashing the eMMC) image (first list).

This time when you plug in the SD and boot the bone will boot from the SD card (rather than copying a new image to the 2G builting flash). I suggest programming 2 or 3 SD cards with this image. That way if you really mess up one you can always switch to a another card and keep going.

Also, if you are booting from the SD and mess up something, you can plug the messed up card into your host computer and fix things and try it again.

Copying to the SD Card

Now install by inserting the SD to be installed on into your host machine and run:

host$ ./tools/install_kernel.sh

Mine failed because there wasn't enough space on the VFAT partition for uImage, however uImage isn't needed there, so I just editted install_kernel.sh and commented out line 160

#			mmc_partition_discover

This keeps it from installing on the VFAT partition.

Updating and running off the eMMC

EBC_Exercise_23_Configuring_the_Kernel#Making_and_Installing_the_kernel has instructions for copying the correct files to the eMMC to update the kernel.

DAS U-boot

These instructions came from Robert C Nelson's eewiki.net.

download

While we're at it, let's get the boot loader we'll be using. It takes some 40 seconds.

host$ cd ~/BeagleBoard
host$ git clone git://git.denx.de/u-boot.git
host$ cd u-boot/
host$ git checkout v2013.07 -b tmp

U-Boot Patches

host$ wget https://raw.github.com/eewiki/u-boot-patches/master/v2013.07/0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch
host$ patch -p1 < 0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch

compile

Now configure and build. The first time takes some 1.5 minutes. After that it's only 5 seconds or so.

host$ source ~/crossCompileEnv.sh 
host$ make distclean
host$ make am335x_evm_config
host$ make

install

host$ scp u-boot.img root@beagle:.
beagle$ mkdir /media/BONE
beagle$ mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/BONE
beagle$ cd /media/BONE
beagle$ mv u-boot.img u-boot.img.orig  # Save the working u-boot
beagle$ cp ~/u-boot.img u-boot.img.new
beagle$ cp u-boot.img.new u-boot.img

Once installed you are ready for u-boot work.

Recovering

If your Beagle fails to boot, follow the EBC_Exercise_22_Recovering instructions to recover.




thumb‎ Embedded Linux Class by Mark A. Yoder