Difference between revisions of "EBC Exercise 23 Configuring the Kernel"
(All new and improved)
Revision as of 17:45, 30 December 2011
In a previous exercise (EBC Exercise 12 Cross-Compiling and Finding the Right Kernel) you learned how to get and compile the kernel. Here we'll look at configuring it.
Finding the kernel sources
First set up the environment and go to the kernel directory
host$ source ~/.oe/crossCompileEnv.sh host$ cd BeagleBoard/oe/build/tmp-angstrom_2010_x-eglibc/work/beagleboard-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/linux-omap-psp-2.6.32-r110b+gitr5fc29e7b2a76a64a739f857858ef0b98294aa155/git/
We'll be visiting this directory so often you should set up an alias:
host$ alias kernel="cd BeagleBoard/oe/build/tmp-angstrom_2010_x-eglibc/work/beagleboard-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/linux-omap-psp-2.6.32-r110b+gitr5fc29e7b2a76a64a739f857858ef0b98294aa155/git/"
Then just entering
will take you to the kernel directory. Put the alias in your ~/.bashrc file so it will be there every time you log in.
Getting kernel make help
Once there try some of the make commands. Help is a good place to start.
host$ make help | less Cleaning targets: clean - Remove most generated files but keep the config and enough build support to build external modules mrproper - Remove all generated files + config + various backup files distclean - mrproper + remove editor backup and patch files Configuration targets: config - Update current config utilising a line-oriented program menuconfig - Update current config utilising a menu based program xconfig - Update current config utilising a QT based front-end gconfig - Update current config utilising a GTK based front-end ...
This produces a list of common make targets.
Finding and installing support software
There are several ways to configure the kernel. make config will prompt you line-by-line for each of the settings, very tedious, not recommended. Try
host$ make menuconfig *** Unable to find the ncurses libraries or the *** required header files. *** 'make menuconfig' requires the ncurses libraries. *** *** Install ncurses (ncurses-devel) and try again. *** make: *** [scripts/kconfig/dochecklxdialog] Error 1 make: *** [menuconfig] Error 2
If you get the error above, you need to install the ncurses library. ECE497_Tips_and_Tricks#On_the_host Here are notes on how to discover what to install and installing it.
Configuring the kernel
Try the various interfaces for configuring the kernel.
host$ make menuconfig host$ make xconfig host$ make gconfig
I had to run the following to get these to work.
host$ sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev host$ sudo apt-get install qt3-dev-tools host$ sudo apt-get install libglade2-dev