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Difference between revisions of "Help:Links"

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PD Important note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution into the public domain. If you don't want this or can't do this because of license restrictions, please don't edit. This page is one of the Public Domain Help Pages, which can be freely copied into fresh wiki installations and/or distributed with MediaWiki software; see Help:Contents for an overview of all pages. See Project:PD help/Copying for instructions. PD

There are four sorts of links in MediaWiki:

  1. internal links to other pages in the wiki
  2. external links to other websites
  3. interwiki links to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
  4. Interlanguage links to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki

Internal links

To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red. Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold. (If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or [[#top|current page]] which always links to the top.)

The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).

Description You type You get
Internal link
[[Main Page]]
Main Page
Piped link
[[Main Page|different text]]
different text
Shortened sort-of-piped link
[[Internationalisation]]s
Internationalisations
Redirect
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

See also Help:Redirects

Main Page
Internal link to an anchor
[[#See also]]

Section headings and the top of the page are automatically anchored.

#See also
Internal link to an anchor at another page
[[Help:Images#See also]]
Help:Images#See also
Internal link to the current page's talk page
[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

See also Help:Magic_words#Page_names

Discussion
Internal link to a subpage
[[/example]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example]]. See also Help:Subpages.

/example
Internal link to a category page
[[:Category:Help]]

See also Help:Categories

Category:Help
Internal link to an image or a file of other types
[[media:example.jpg]]

[[media:example.pdf]]

See also Help:Images

media:example.jpg

media:example.pdf

External links

Description You type You get
External link
http://mediawiki.org
http://mediawiki.org
External link with different label
[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
MediaWiki
External link numbered
[http://mediawiki.org]
[1]
External link icons
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.wav sound]
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

External link icons may differ depending on the file type of the target.

video sound document

External link to the same host
[http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename]
[2]
External link to other host passing the pagename
[http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}]
[3]
Mailto link
[mailto:info@example.org email me]
email me
Mailto named with subject line and body
[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
info
Tools.svg Tip for wiki admins: Which protocols (like http:) are allowed for links is controlled by the $wgUrlProtocols setting.
Tools.svg Tip for wiki admins: To remove the “external link icons“ from next to each of the external links, add the following to the page located at MediaWiki:Monobook.css on your wiki.
#bodyContent a.external,
#bodyContent a[href ^="gopher://"] {
        background: none;
        padding-right: 0;
}

How to avoid auto-links

By default, when you write a URL as is, it will be transformed to an external link.

To avoid that effect, put the URL between <nowiki> tags as in:

<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>

Interwiki links

Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]], which will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This is because http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of wikipedia. This link may not work properly, if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]].

Basically this is an abbreviation for longer URLs. A very similar link could be created as a normal external link by typing [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower Sunflower], but interwiki links allow you to type out an easy and compact link, almost as if you are linking to a page on your own wiki.

Tools.svg Tip for wiki admins: See Manual:Interwiki for the management of interwiki links of your wiki.

Interlanguage links

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the sidebar, just below toolbox in the box named “in other languages.”

Interlanguage links behave similar to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type [[language prefix:pagename]] wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO language code).

If you want to make the interlanguage link to appear in the content of the page, you can add a colon before the language prefix, e. g. [[:en:Sunflower]].

See also

Language: English