Difference between revisions of "Help:Links"

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|Piped link  
 
|Piped link  
 
|<pre>[[Main Page|different text]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[Main Page|different text]]</pre>
 +
See also {{mediawiki|Meta:Help:Piped link}}
 
|[[Main Page|different text]]
 
|[[Main Page|different text]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Shortened sort-of-piped link
+
|word-ending links
|<pre>[[Internationalisation]]s</pre>
+
|<pre>
|[[Internationalisation]]s
+
[[Help]]s
 +
 
 +
[[Help]]ing
 +
 
 +
[[Help]]ers
 +
 
 +
[[Help]]anylettersyoulikehere
 +
</pre>
 +
|
 +
[[Help]]s
 +
 
 +
[[Help]]ing
 +
 
 +
[[Help]]ers
 +
 
 +
[[Help]]anylettersyoulikehere
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Redirect
 
|Redirect
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[[Help:Formatting|Section headings]] and the [[#top|top]] of the page are automatically anchored.
 
[[Help:Formatting|Section headings]] and the [[#top|top]] of the page are automatically anchored.
 
|[[#See also]]
 
|[[#See also]]
 +
|-
 +
|Internal link to an anchor from different text
 +
|<pre>[[#See also|different text]]</pre>
 +
|[[#See also|different text]]
 +
|-
 +
|Setting an internal link anchor
 +
|<pre><div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div></pre>
 +
Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.
 +
|<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Internal link to an anchor at another page
 
|Internal link to an anchor at another page
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See also [[Help:Magic_words#Page_names]]
 
See also [[Help:Magic_words#Page_names]]
 
|[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]
 
|[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]
 +
|-
 +
|Internal link to the current page's edit page
 +
|<pre>[{{fullurl:{{PAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit]</pre>
 +
See also [[Help:Magic_words#URL_data]] and [[#External links]]
 +
|[{{fullurl:{{PAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Internal link to a subpage
 
|Internal link to a subpage
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Shortcut for <nowiki>[[Help:Links/example]]</nowiki>. See also [[Help:Subpages]].
 
Shortcut for <nowiki>[[Help:Links/example]]</nowiki>. See also [[Help:Subpages]].
 
|[[/example]]
 
|[[/example]]
 +
|-
 +
|Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash
 +
|<pre>[[/example/]]</pre>
 +
Shortcut for <nowiki>[[Help:Links/example|example]]</nowiki>.
 +
|[[/example/]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Internal link to a category page
 
|Internal link to a category page
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[[media:example.pdf]]
 
[[media:example.pdf]]
 +
|-
 +
|Internal link to the user's user page
 +
|<pre>[[Special:MyPage]]</pre>
 +
|[[Special:MyPage]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
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|-
 
|-
 
|External link
 
|External link
|<pre>http://mediawiki.org</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki></tt>
 
|http://mediawiki.org
 
|http://mediawiki.org
 
|-
 
|-
 
|External link with different label
 
|External link with different label
|<pre>[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
 
|[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
 
|-
 
|-
|External link numbered
+
|Numbered external link
|<pre>[http://mediawiki.org]</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>[http://mediawiki.org]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[http://mediawiki.org]
 
|[http://mediawiki.org]
 
|-
 
|-
|External link icons
+
|External links with file icons
|<pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.wav sound]
+
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound]
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]
</pre>
+
</nowiki></tt>
External link icons may differ depending on the file type of the target.
+
<small>Currently supported extensions: ogm, avi, mpeg, mpg (video); ogg, mid, midi, mp3, wav, wma (audio); and pdf (document)</small>
 
|
 
|
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]
+
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]<br/>
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.wav sound]
+
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound]<br/>
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]
+
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|External link to the same host
 
|External link to the same host
|<pre>[http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename]</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename</nowiki></tt>
|[http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename]
+
|http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename
 
|-
 
|-
 
|External link to other host passing the pagename
 
|External link to other host passing the pagename
|<pre>[http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}]</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}</nowiki></tt>
|[http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}]
+
|http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mailto link
 
|Mailto link
|<pre>[mailto:info@example.org email me]</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>[mailto:info@example.org email me]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[mailto:info@example.org email me]
 
|[mailto:info@example.org email me]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mailto named with subject line and body
 
|Mailto named with subject line and body
|<pre>[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]</pre>
+
|<tt><nowiki>[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&amp;body=Body%20Text info]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
 
|[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
 
|}
 
|}
 
{{admin tip|tip=
 
Which protocols (like http:) are allowed for links is controlled by the {{mediawiki|Manual:$wgUrlProtocols|$wgUrlProtocols}}<!--Should these admin tips even be here? This is supposed to be end user help is it not? --> setting.
 
}}
 
{{admin tip|tip=
 
To remove the “external link icons“ from next to each of the external links, add the following to the page located at <code>MediaWiki:Monobook.css</code> on your wiki.
 
 
<source lang="css">
 
#bodyContent a.external,
 
#bodyContent a[href ^="gopher://"] {
 
        background: none;
 
        padding-right: 0;
 
}
 
</source>
 
}}
 
  
 
=== How to avoid auto-links ===
 
=== How to avoid auto-links ===
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== Interwiki links ==
 
== Interwiki links ==
Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code>, which will result in a link [[wikipedia:Sunflower]]. This is because <code><nowiki>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/</nowiki></code> is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of <code>wikipedia</code>. ''This link may not work properly, if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.''
+
Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code>, which will result in a link [[wikipedia:Sunflower]]. This is because <code><nowiki>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/</nowiki></code> is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of <code>wikipedia</code>. ''This link may not work properly, if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.'' Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.
  
 
Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]]</nowiki></code>.
 
Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]]</nowiki></code>.
  
Basically this is an abbreviation for longer URLs. A very similar link could be created as a normal external link by typing <code><nowiki>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower Sunflower]</nowiki></code>, but interwiki links allow you to type out an easy and compact link, almost as if you are linking to a page on your own wiki.
+
Basically this is an abbreviation for longer URLs. A very similar link could be created as a normal external link by typing <code><nowiki>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower]</nowiki></code>, but interwiki links allow you to type out an easy and compact link, almost as if you are linking to a page on your own wiki.
  
{{admin tip|tip=See {{mediawiki|Manual:Interwiki}} for the management of interwiki links of your wiki.}}
+
To edit the {{mediawiki|Manual:Interwiki table|interwiki table}} on your site, see the {{mediawiki|Extension:InterWiki|InterWiki extension}}.
  
 
=== Interlanguage links ===
 
=== Interlanguage links ===
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Interlanguage links behave similar to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type <code><nowiki>[[</nowiki>''language prefix'':pagename]]</code> wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the [[wikipedia:ISO 639|ISO language code]]).
 
Interlanguage links behave similar to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type <code><nowiki>[[</nowiki>''language prefix'':pagename]]</code> wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the [[wikipedia:ISO 639|ISO language code]]).
  
If you want to make the interlanguage link to appear in the content of the page, you can add a colon before the language prefix, e. g.  <code><nowiki>[[:en:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code>.
+
If you want to make the interlanguage link to appear in the content of the page, you can add a colon before the language prefix, e.g.  <code><nowiki>[[:en:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code>.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
* [[Help:Linked images|Linked images]]
+
* [http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Linked_images Linked images]
  
 
{{Languages}}
 
{{Languages}}
  
 
[[Category:Help|Links]]
 
[[Category:Help|Links]]
[[Category:Link]]
+
[[Category:Link|Links]]

Latest revision as of 23:20, 3 December 2012

PD Important note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution into the public domain. If you don't want this or can't do this because of license restrictions, please don't edit. This page is one of the Public Domain Help Pages, which can be freely copied into fresh wiki installations and/or distributed with MediaWiki software; see Help:Contents for an overview of all pages. See Project:PD help/Copying for instructions. PD

There are four sorts of links in MediaWiki:

  1. internal links to other pages in the wiki
  2. external links to other websites
  3. interwiki links to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
  4. Interlanguage links to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki

Internal links

To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red. Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold. (If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or [[#top|current page]] which always links to the top.)

The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).

Description You type You get
Internal link
[[Main Page]]
Main Page
Piped link
[[Main Page|different text]]

See also Meta:Help:Piped link

different text
word-ending links
[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]anylettersyoulikehere

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpanylettersyoulikehere

Redirect
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

See also Help:Redirects

Main Page
Internal link to an anchor
[[#See also]]

Section headings and the top of the page are automatically anchored.

#See also
Internal link to an anchor from different text
[[#See also|different text]]
different text
Setting an internal link anchor
<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>

Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.

optional text
Internal link to an anchor at another page
[[Help:Images#See also]]
Help:Images#See also
Internal link to the current page's talk page
[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

See also Help:Magic_words#Page_names

Discussion
Internal link to the current page's edit page
[{{fullurl:{{PAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit]

See also Help:Magic_words#URL_data and #External links

Edit
Internal link to a subpage
[[/example]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example]]. See also Help:Subpages.

/example
Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash
[[/example/]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example
Internal link to a category page
[[:Category:Help]]

See also Help:Categories

Category:Help
Internal link to an image or a file of other types
[[media:example.jpg]]

[[media:example.pdf]]

See also Help:Images

media:example.jpg

media:example.pdf

Internal link to the user's user page
[[Special:MyPage]]
Special:MyPage

External links

Description You type You get
External link http://mediawiki.org http://mediawiki.org
External link with different label [http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki] MediaWiki
Numbered external link [http://mediawiki.org] [1]
External links with file icons [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

Currently supported extensions: ogm, avi, mpeg, mpg (video); ogg, mid, midi, mp3, wav, wma (audio); and pdf (document)

video
sound
document

External link to the same host http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename http://elinux.org/pagename
External link to other host passing the pagename http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}} http://google.com/search?q=Links
Mailto link [mailto:info@example.org email me] email me
Mailto named with subject line and body [mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info] info

How to avoid auto-links

By default, when you write a URL as is, it will be transformed to an external link.

To avoid that effect, put the URL between <nowiki> tags as in:

<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>

Interwiki links

Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]], which will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This is because http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of wikipedia. This link may not work properly, if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting. Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]].

Basically this is an abbreviation for longer URLs. A very similar link could be created as a normal external link by typing [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower], but interwiki links allow you to type out an easy and compact link, almost as if you are linking to a page on your own wiki.

To edit the interwiki table on your site, see the InterWiki extension.

Interlanguage links

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the sidebar, just below toolbox in the box named “in other languages.”

Interlanguage links behave similar to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type [[language prefix:pagename]] wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO language code).

If you want to make the interlanguage link to appear in the content of the page, you can add a colon before the language prefix, e.g. [[:en:Sunflower]].

See also

Language: English