Minnowboard:Debian Bare Minimum Bootstrapping
Bootstrapping Debian onto your MinnowBoard is a fairly simple process. At the end of this guide you will have a complete minimum Debian system you can use on your MinnowBoard.
- MinnowBoard that has a working micro SD card preloaded with the MinnowBoard Angstrom Linux Distribution
- USB Thumb drive >2GB or SATA drive
- Internet connection
- Some spare time
Lets Get Started
You will need a place to install Debian onto, for safety sake we are installing onto a drive other then the micro SD card. This way if you mess up you can simply format the drive and start over and still have a good install of Angstrom to use.
- TIP: Set your CPU frequency scaling to Ondemand for both cores to keep your system cool during this procedure. Bootstrapping is fairly cpu intensive and things can heat up fast.
First plugin your thumb drive and use Disk Utility to properly partition it out. I suggest you name your root partition Debian to avoid any confusion later on. If your Feeling adventurous make a swap partition and leave some room for a boot loader.
Mount the Debian root partition
mkdir /media/debian mount /dev/sdb1 /media/debian
Next make a root directory on your Angstrom micro SD card to hold all the bootstrap files call it debinst.
mkdir /debinst cd /debinst
Then choose what version of Debian you want to use. http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/d/debootstrap/
mkdir work cd work wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/d/debootstrap/debootstrap_1.0.48+deb7u1_all.deb
copy the package to the work folder, and extract the files from it.
ar -x debootstrap_1.0.48+deb7u1_all.deb cd / zcat /debinst/data.tar.gz | tar xv
There is a small issue with the installer that needs to be fixed before we start the script. Edit /debinst/usr/sbin/debootstrap line 16 to
Next Comes the part that will take some time. Running the bootsrtap script
/usr/sbin/debootstrap --verbose --extrractor=ar --arch i386 wheezy \/media/debian http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian
If all goes well you now have Debian :) Lets configure a few things by chroot into the system.
LANG=C.UTF-8 chroot /media/debian /bin/bash
Set the terminal to be compatible with the Debian System
Now we can create the device files (there may be a better way to do this)
apt-get install makedev cd /dev MAKEDEV generic
Mount points in fstab
(more information needed here on proper fstab settings)
The following command allows you to choose your timezone.
add the following lines to enable dhcp
auto eth0 iface eth0 inet dhcp
Enter your nameserver(s) and search directives in /etc/resolv.conf:
Enter your system's host name (2 to 63 characters)
echo DebianMinnow > /etc/hostname
Debootstrap will have created a very basic /etc/apt/sources.list you can add more repositories
deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian wheezy main deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main deb-src http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main
Install a Kernel
If you intend to boot this system, you probably want a Linux kernel and a boot loader. Identify available pre-packaged kernels with:
apt-cache search linux-image
Once you find one you like to use do:
aptitude install linux-image-ArchOfYourChoice-etc
(Not working yet.)
aptitude install grub-pc grub-install /dev/hdb1 update-grub
SSH and Remote Access
aptitude install ssh passwd
As mentioned earlier, the installed system will be very basic. You can expand your system more with the following command
tasksel install standard
From the bootstrapping process there will be a ton of left over packages in /var/cache/apt/archives/. You may want to remove them.