Difference between revisions of "RPi Setting up a static IP in Debian"

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(Created page with "Using a static IP can be very useful in case you wish to easily access your RPi without need to get its IP address every time it boots or reconnects to the network (i.e. using SS...")
 
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   broadcast 192.168.1.255
 
   broadcast 192.168.1.255
  
Only the address and the netmask data are required.
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Only the address and netmask data are required.
  
 
If for example your LAN is configured to have IP adresses in the range x.x.x.1 to x.x.x.255, you will put x.x.x.0 in the network line.
 
If for example your LAN is configured to have IP adresses in the range x.x.x.1 to x.x.x.255, you will put x.x.x.0 in the network line.

Revision as of 23:08, 1 May 2012

Using a static IP can be very useful in case you wish to easily access your RPi without need to get its IP address every time it boots or reconnects to the network (i.e. using SSH, (S)FTP services).

To achieve this there are a few quick steps to be followed.

You only need to modify the file /etc/networking/interfaces

You can edit the file with any text editor such as vi or vim.

We need root privileges, so we use sudo:

 pi@raspberry:sudo vi /etc/networking/interfaces

In the file you must put the following content:

 # The loopback interface
 auto lo
 iface lo inet loopback
 auto eth0
 iface eth0 inet static
 #your static IP
 address 192.168.1.118  
 #your gateway IP
 gateway 192.168.1.1
 netmask 255.255.255.0
 #your network address "family"
 network 192.168.1.0
 broadcast 192.168.1.255

Only the address and netmask data are required.

If for example your LAN is configured to have IP adresses in the range x.x.x.1 to x.x.x.255, you will put x.x.x.0 in the network line.

"address" is the IP you want the RPi will assume (in the proper range, as described above). pay attention not to use an IP already used by another device in your LAN or that can be assigned to a device by your router by DHCP (set the DHCP range of the router wisely).

"netmask" will "always" be 255.255.255.0

gateway is usually x.x.x.1 (your router IP or the one given by your ISP)

You now need to restart the network:

 pi@raspberry:sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

You may now be disconnected from your RPi if you are working through the network. Connect again to the RPi using the static IP you chose and you should now be fine.