Rpi Camera Module

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Hardware & Peripherals:

Hardware and Hardware History.

Low-level Peripherals and Expansion Boards.

Screens, Cases and Other Peripherals.


Introduction

The Raspberry Pi Camera board was released for sale on 14/05/2013. It contains a 5MPixel sensor and connects via a ribbon cable to the CSI connector on the board.

Sample Programs

Sample programs using the camera for taking stills and video have been developed by the Foundation and the source for these is available on github.

Forum user M1M1 published instructions on compiling the sample programs here

The command line parameters for the programs are as follows:

RaspiVid   Camera  App   
===================  
  
Display  camera output  to  display, and  optionally  saves an H264 capture at  requested bitrate   
  
  
usage:  RaspiVid [options]   
  
Image  parameter commands   
  
‐?,  ‐‐ help        :  This  help  information   
‐w,  ‐‐ width     :  Set image  width <size>.  Default  1920  
‐h,  ‐‐ height      :  Set image  height  <size>.  Default  1080  
‐b,  ‐‐ bitrate     :  Set bitrate. Use bits per second  (e.g.   10MBits/ s would be ‐ b 10000000)  
‐o,  ‐‐ output      :  Output  filename  <filename>  (to write to  stdout,  use '‐o  ‐ ')   
‐v,  ‐‐ verbose    :  Output   verbose information  during  run   
‐t,  ‐‐ timeout    :  Time (in ms) before  takes picture  and  shuts down.   If  not specified,  set to  5s   
‐d,  ‐‐ demo       :  Run  a  demo mode (cycl e  through range of  camera options, no capture)   
‐fps,  ‐‐ framerate        :  Specify  the  frames  per second  to  record   
‐e,  ‐‐ penc        :  Display  preview image  *after*  encoding  (shows  compression artifacts)   
  
Preview parameter commands   
  
‐p,  ‐‐ preview    :  Preview window settings <'x,y,w,h'>  
‐f,  ‐‐ fullscreen          :  Fullscreen preview mode  
‐n,  ‐‐ nopreview :  Do not  display  a  preview window  
  
Image  parameter commands   
  
‐sh, ‐‐ sharpness         :  Set image  sharpness ( ‐100  to  100)   
‐co, ‐‐ contrast :  Set image  contrast ( ‐100  to  100)   
‐br, ‐‐ brightness        :  Set image  brightness (0  to   100)   
‐sa, ‐‐ saturation        :  Set image  saturation ( ‐100  to  100)   
‐ISO,  ‐‐ ISO      :  Set capture ISO   
‐vs, ‐‐ vstab     :  Turn  on  video stablisation   
‐ev, ‐‐ ev         :  Set EV com pensation  
‐ex, ‐‐ exposure  :  Set exposure  mode (see  Notes)   
‐awb,  ‐‐ awb      :  Set AWB mode (see  Notes)   
‐ifx, ‐‐ imxfx    :  Set image  effect (see  Notes)   
‐cfx, ‐‐ colfx     :  Set colour  effect (U:V)  
‐mm,  ‐‐ metering :  Set metering  mode (see  Notes)   
‐rot,  ‐‐ rotation         :  Set image  rotation (0 ‐359)   
‐hf, ‐‐ hflip      :  Set horizontal flip  
‐vf, ‐‐ vflip      :  Set vertical  flip  
  
  
Notes  
  
Exposure  mode options  :   
off,auto,night,nightpreview,backlight,spotlight,sports,snow,beach,verylong,fixedfps,antishake,fireworks   
  
AWB mode options :   
off,auto,sun,cloud,shade,tungsten,fluorescent,incandescent,flash,horizon   
  
Image  Effect mode options :   
none,negative,solarise,sketch,denoise,emboss,oilpaint,h atch,gpen,pastel,watercolour,film,blur,saturation,col 
ourswap,washedout,posterise,colourpoint,colourbalance,cartoon  
  
Metering Mode options  :   
average,spot,backlit,matrix 
 
RaspiStill   Camera  App  
===================== 
 
Runs  camera for specific time, and  take  JPG  capture at  end  if  requested 
 
usage:  RaspiStill  [options]  
 
Image  parameter commands  
 
‐?,  ‐‐ help        :  This  help  information  
‐w,  ‐‐ width     :  Set image  width <size>  
‐h,  ‐‐ height      :  Set image  height  <size>  
‐q,  ‐‐ quality     :  Set jpeg  quality  <0 to  100> 
‐r,  ‐‐ raw         :  Add  raw  bayer data  to  jpeg  metadata 
‐o,  ‐‐ output      :  Output  filename  <filename>  (to write to  stdout,  use '‐o  ‐ ').  If  not specified,  no file is  saved 
‐v,  ‐‐ verbose    :  Output   verbose information  during  run  
‐t,  ‐‐ timeout    :  Time (in ms) before  takes picture  and  shuts down (if  not specified,  set to  5s) 
‐th, ‐‐ thumb      :  Set thumbnail parameters  (x:y:quality)  
‐d,  ‐‐ demo       :  Run  a  demo mode (cycle  through range of  camera options, no capture)  
‐e,  ‐‐ encoding    :  Encoding  to  use for output  file (jpg,  bmp, gif, png)  
‐x,  ‐‐ exif       :  EXIF  tag to   apply to  captures  (forma t as  'key=value')  
‐tl,  ‐‐ timelapse          :   Timelapse mode. Takes a  picture  every <t>ms  
 
Preview parameter commands  
 
‐p,  ‐‐ preview    :  Preview window settings <'x,y,w,h'> 
‐f,  ‐‐ fullscreen          :  Fullscreen preview mode 
‐n,  ‐‐ nopreview :  Do not  display  a  preview window 
 
Image  parameter commands  
 
‐sh, ‐‐ sharpness         :  Set image  sharpness ( ‐100  to  100)  
‐co, ‐‐ contrast :  Set imag e  contrast ( ‐100  to  100)  
‐br, ‐‐ brightness        :  Set image  brightness (0  to   100)  
‐sa, ‐‐ saturation        :  Set image  saturation ( ‐100  to  100)  
‐ISO,  ‐‐ ISO      :  Set capture ISO  
‐vs, ‐‐ vstab     :  Turn  on  video stablisation  
‐ev, ‐‐ ev         :  Set EV com pensation 
‐ex, ‐‐ exposure  :  Set exposure  mode (see  Notes)  
‐awb,  ‐‐ awb      :  Set AWB mode (see  Notes)  
‐ifx, ‐‐ imxfx    :  Set image  effect (see  Notes)  
‐cfx, ‐‐ colfx     :  Set colour  effect (U:V) 
‐mm,  ‐‐ metering :  Set metering mode (see  Notes)  
‐rot,  ‐‐ rotation         :  Set image  rotation (0 ‐359)  
‐hf, ‐‐ hflip      :  Set horizontal flip 
‐vf, ‐‐ vflip      :  Set vertical  flip 
 
 
Notes 
 
Exposure  mode options  :  
off,auto,night,nightpreview,backlight,spotlight,sports,snow,beach,verylong,fixedfps,antishake,fireworks  
 
AWB mode options :  
off,auto,sun,cloud,shade,tungsten,fluorescent,incandescent,flash,horizon  
 
Image  Effect mode options :  
none,negative,solarise,sketch,denoise,emboss,oilpaint,h atch,gpen,pastel,watercolour,film,blur,saturation,col
ourswap,washedout,posterise,colourpoint,colourbalance,cartoon 
 
Metering Mode options  :  
average,spot,backlit,matrix 

Known Issues

  • It is believed that still captures are not using the full sensor.
  • Some users have noted that images are 'flipped', this can be corrected by use of the -hf and -vf command line flags. This behaviour may be addressed in future foundation releases.
  • Correct EXIF data (including user supplied tags) are not being written to the output files.

Troubleshooting