RPi Email IP On Boot Debian
Back to RPi Guides.
Send Email Containing IP Address On Boot
What Does it Do?
This code will extract the ip address of your Pi and then send an email containing the ip to the specified email address. This is inspired by the need to access the Pi via SSH or other network protocols without a monitor and moving from network to network. This uses a Gmail SMTP server, and assumes you have a valid Gmail address. You may need to alter a bit for other servers (beyond the scope of this article).
What Do You Need?
A working, and network enabled Raspberry Pi
What Skill Level is Required?
Medium Level. You should be comfortable navigating a Linux system and be comfortable using sudo (if you want to use this script, odds are you are quite comfortable at the command prompt).
Overview of this Guide
You need to: 1. Create a Python script and store it in a directory. 2. Make Python script executable. 3. Set the program to run at boot time.
LET'S DO IT!
Create the Python Script
Copy and paste the following code into a text editor (I'm a Vim man myself).
__author__ = 'Cody Giles' __license__ = "Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License" __version__ = "1.0" __maintainer__ = "Cody Giles" __status__ = "Production" import subprocess import smtplib from email.mime.text import MIMEText import datetime def connect_type(word_list): """ This function takes a list of words, then, depeding which key word, returns the corresponding internet connection type as a string. ie) 'ethernet'. """ if 'wlan0' in word_list or 'wlan1' in word_list: con_type = 'wifi' elif 'eth0' in word_list: con_type = 'ethernet' else: con_type = 'current' return con_type # Change to your own account information # Account Information to = 'firstname.lastname@example.org' # Email to send to. gmail_user = 'email@example.com' # Email to send from. (MUST BE GMAIL) gmail_password = 'gmailpassword' # Gmail password. smtpserver = smtplib.SMTP('smtp.gmail.com', 587) # Server to use. smtpserver.ehlo() # Says 'hello' to the server smtpserver.starttls() # Start TLS encryption smtpserver.ehlo() smtpserver.login(gmail_user, gmail_password) # Log in to server today = datetime.date.today() # Get current time/date arg='ip route list' # Linux command to retrieve ip addresses. # Runs 'arg' in a 'hidden terminal'. p=subprocess.Popen(arg,shell=True,stdout=subprocess.PIPE) data = p.communicate() # Get data from 'p terminal'. # Split IP text block into three, and divide the two containing IPs into words. ip_lines = data.splitlines() split_line_a = ip_lines.split() split_line_b = ip_lines.split() # con_type variables for the message text. ex) 'ethernet', 'wifi', etc. ip_type_a = connect_type(split_line_a) ip_type_b = connect_type(split_line_b) """Because the text 'src' is always followed by an ip address, we can use the 'index' function to find 'src' and add one to get the index position of our ip. """ ipaddr_a = split_line_a[split_line_a.index('src')+1] ipaddr_b = split_line_b[split_line_b.index('src')+1] # Creates a sentence for each ip address. my_ip_a = 'Your %s ip is %s' % (ip_type_a, ipaddr_a) my_ip_b = 'Your %s ip is %s' % (ip_type_b, ipaddr_b) # Creates the text, subject, 'from', and 'to' of the message. msg = MIMEText(my_ip_a + "\n" + my_ip_b) msg['Subject'] = 'IPs For RaspberryPi on %s' % today.strftime('%b %d %Y') msg['From'] = gmail_user msg['To'] = to # Sends the message smtpserver.sendmail(gmail_user, [to], msg.as_string()) # Closes the smtp server. smtpserver.quit()
Save this script using a nice name like 'startup_mailer.py' and make note of its path (like /home/pi/Code/startup_mailer.py)
For good measure, make the script executable
sudo chmod +x startup_mailer.py
Using your text editor once again, edit /boot/boot.rc (this assumes you have already renamed this file to boot.rc If not, see RPi_Advanced_Setup). For example:
sudo nano /boot/boot.rc
Add the following at the end of the file, making changes to the path for your directory tree and save.
Alternative if Using Rasbian
If you are using Rasbian you won't have a /boot/boot.rc file. Instead you can edit /etc/rc.local as follows:
sudo nano /etc/rc.local
Add the 'python /home/pi/Code/startup_mailer.py' line, so the file now looks like this:
# rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. # # In order to enable or disable this script just change the execution # bits. # # By default this script does nothing. # Print the IP address if it doesn't work ad sleep 30 before all your code _IP=$(hostname -I) || true if [ "$_IP" ]; then printf "My IP address is %s\n" "$_IP" python /home/pi/Code/startup_mailer.py <<<------------------------------------------ ADD THIS LINE!!! fi exit 0
Reboot your Pi and you should receive an email with your ip address.
+ If you don't get your email notification: connect your pi to a monitor, boot and wait until you reach the 'login' prompt, and check if it says "My IP Address is...". If it doesn't, you may add 'sleep 30'(no quotes) in the etc/rc.local just after the last comment(# Print the IP...).
+ If you don't get email when rebooting, you have to check the hostname you currently have. because the script calls for #raspberrypi. Just type in the command line # hostname. if you have an other hostname its simple just change you hostname #with your preferred editor. Also in etc/hosts on the bottom of the page.
$ msg['Subject'] = 'IP For YOUR HOSTNAME on %s' % today.strftime('%b %d %Y')