Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardDebian"

From eLinux.org
Jump to: navigation, search
m (rcn: update to 2014-01-24)
m (DSP: drop dsp section... no one is worknig on it, bitrotten/etc...)
Line 443: Line 443:
  sudo depmod -a omaplfb
  sudo depmod -a omaplfb
  sudo /etc/init.d/pvr restart
  sudo /etc/init.d/pvr restart
== DSP ==
=== gst-dsp ===
*Note: This section is BeagleBoard(-xM) only since the BeagleBone (Black) doesn't have a DSP.
The following Gstreamer elements will be installed:
  $ gst-inspect | grep dsp
  dvdspu:  dvdspu: Sub-picture Overlay
  dsp:  dspdummy: DSP dummy element
  dsp:  dspvdec: DSP video decoder
  dsp:  dspadec: DSP audio decoder
  dsp:  dsph263enc: DSP video encoder
  dsp:  dspmp4venc: DSP MPEG-4 video encoder
  dsp:  dspjpegenc: DSP video encoder
  dsp:  dsph264enc: DSP video encoder
  dsp:  dspvpp: DSP VPP filter
  dsp:  dspipp: DSP IPP
Please note that h264 encoder (dsph264enc) will not work because of missing h264venc_sn.dll64P DSP part. [http://groups.google.com/group/omapdiscuss/msg/76d928726656c5fe According to this message], it is not available due to a licensing restriction.
Requirements: Kernel built with: "CONFIG_TIDSPBRIDGE=m", for reference, here is what rcn-ee.net's image/deb's are configured for:
ubuntu@arm:~$ zcat /proc/config.gz | grep TIDSP
On the xM: if 3.2.x is too jerky, try 3.4.x and use the create_dsp_package.sh script, as the module changed..
Download the latest version of the "create_dsp_package.sh" script
wget https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/x86/ti_omap/create_dsp_package.sh
Make script executable
chmod a+x ./create_dsp_package.sh
Package script:
Copy DSP_Install_libs.tar.gz to Beagle
Setup network...
ubuntu@arm:~$ tar xf DSP_Install_libs.tar.gz
ubuntu@arm:~$ ./install-DSP.sh
What got installed:
ubuntu@arm:~$ ls -lh /lib/dsp/
total 7.1M
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 1.3M Dec  3 10:56 baseimage.dof
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  51K Dec  3 10:56 conversions.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  13K Dec  3 10:56 dctn_dyn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2.5M Dec  3 10:56 h264vdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 481K Dec  3 10:56 jpegdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 229K Dec  3 10:56 jpegenc_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 767K Dec  3 10:56 m4venc_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 890K Dec  3 10:56 mp4vdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 707K Dec  3 10:56 mpeg4aacdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  15K Dec  3 10:56 qosdyn_3430.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  14K Dec  3 10:56 ringio.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 9.1K Dec  3 10:56 TSPA_Object_Code_Software_License_Agreement.txt
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  53K Dec  3 10:56 usn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 245K Dec  3 10:56 vpp_sn.dll64P
Building gst-dsp stuff:
If you installed this image via the demo images or netinstall, the gst-dsp build script is installed:
Update arm tools directory to the latest:
ubuntu@arm:~$ cd /boot/uboot/tools/
ubuntu@arm:/boot/uboot/tools$ sudo ./update.sh
Otherwise, install via git:
git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/tools.git
Change to the pkgs directory
ubuntu@arm:~$ cd /boot/uboot/tools/pkgs
(or if just cloned)
ubuntu@arm:~$ cd ~/tools/pkgs
Build gst-dsp stuff..
Start dspbridge (or just reboot)
sudo /etc/init.d/dsp_init start
Test dspbridge
sudo dsp-test
sudo gst-launch playbin2 uri=file://(file)
Example: (using http://www.bigbuckbunny.org/index.php/download/ 854x480 mp4 )
Note: it seems broken in Ubuntu precise armhf...
sudo gst-launch playbin2 uri=file:///home/USER/big_buck_bunny_480p_surround-fix.avi
== Building Kernel ==
== Building Kernel ==

Revision as of 09:07, 27 January 2014

This page is about running a (ARM EABI) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.


If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall


git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB
+ Desktop environment (GNOME) : ~2.9GB

Debian Wheezy

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro wheezy-armhf

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb dt-beagleboard-xm --distro wheezy-armhf
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

Debian Stable (wheezy)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Default root user/password

  • user: root
  • password: root

Image Updated:

  • 2014-01-24
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.0-armv7-x9 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone37 kernel
  • 2013-12-17
    • Beagle xM (ONLY): v3.12.5-armv7-x10 kernel (--dtb dt-beagle-xm)
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone32 kernel
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.10-x13 kernel
  • 2013-11-15
    • Beagle xM (ONLY): v3.12.0-armv7-x8 kernel (--dtb dt-beagle-xm)
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone30 kernel
      • audio/mmc fixes...
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.10-x13 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm/ (Bone: via usb)
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm (Bone: via usb) ubuntu@
Getty, Serial Port

Active on Boot Script:

  • Disable by removing run_boot-scripts from small boot partition...*

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/wheezy/debian-7.3-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-7.3-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz 
47a2221a3f5a46d69f45148401d9952a  debian-7.3-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-7.3-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz
cd debian-7.3-console-armhf-2014-01-24

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot board

[board] options:

  • BeagleBone/Black - bone

So for the BeagleBone:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot bone

Quick install script for [board] (using new --dtb option)

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Debian Testing (jessie)

Image Updated:

  • 2014-01-24
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v3.13.0-armv7-x9 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone37 kernel
  • 2013-12-17
    • Beagle xM (ONLY): v3.12.5-armv7-x10 kernel (--dtb dt-beagle-xm)
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone32 kernel
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.10-x13 kernel
  • 2013-11-15
    • Beagle xM (ONLY): v3.12.0-armv7-x8 kernel (--dtb dt-beagle-xm)
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone30 kernel
      • audio/mmc fixes...
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.10-x13 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/jessie/debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz

Verify image with:

md5sum debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz
010484bd42bef9484a48c54d076a878f  debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24.tar.xz
cd debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24

Then follow directions show above with the other images...


eMMC: BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2Gb (or greater) microSD card, via 'dd' in linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First hold down on the boot select button (next to microSD card) and apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images), it should boot into debian and begin flashing the eMMC, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON... Simply remove power, remove microSDcard and Debian will now boot from eMMC.

Reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)


BTW: we are only writing about 500Mb's to the eMMC so the script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.


  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Try with a 5Volt DC supply plugged in..
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, eMMC write failed, first REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
    • (error -84: which may mean you've reached the max number of erase/write cycles...)

User: debian pass: temppwd

root: root/root

Image Updated:

  • 2014-01-24
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone37 kernel
  • 2013-12-17
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone32 kernel
  • 2013-11-15
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone30 kernel
      • ssh host key fixes (auto generated on bootup...)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/flasher/wheezy/debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz 
1b88194ce6f1a8b06195a8168b21b2d9  debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz

Follow the "standard" update procedure.



unxz debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./debian-jessie-console-armhf-2014-01-24-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img


This image can be written to a 2Gb (or greater) microSD card, via 'dd' in linux or the win32 image program linked to on CircuitCo's wiki page. First hold down on the boot select button (next to microSD card) and apply power (same procedure as the official CircuitCo images), it should boot into Debian.

User: debian pass: temppwd

root: root/root

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2014-01-24
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone37 kernel
  • 2013-12-17
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.13-bone32 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.net/deb/microsd/wheezy/bone-debian-7.3-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum bone-debian-7.3-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz
7ed1d0f198f9ae49393ed39a7cad6a41  bone-debian-7.3-2014-01-24-2gb.img.xz


unxz bone-debian-7.3-2014-01-24-2gb.img.zx
sudo dd if=./bone-debian-7.3-2014-01-24-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Serial Ports


To start a login console on ttyO2 (the serial header next to P9), edit /etc/inittab and add:

T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyO2 115200 vt102

To start a console on the USB ACM device, add the following to /etc/inittab,

GS0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyGS0 115200 vt102

SGX Video Acceleration

SGX armel/armhf v3.4.x+

  • Note: This is a still a work in progress, but so far all the basic sgx demos seem to work on my Beagle xM C... Thanks to TI for the special armhf binaries!!! --RobertCNelson 19:48, 17 July 2012 (UTC)
  • Test with: Precise/12.04 armhf demo image with v3.4.5-x1, desktop was lxde via: "sudo apt-get install lxde lxde-core lxde-icon-theme"

Re-Build Kernel and SGX Kernel Modules

git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/stable-kernel.git
cd stable-kernel
git checkout origin/v3.7.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh (and then follow the directions as the script runs...)

Build kernel


Build SGX modules


Insert SD card, make sure to modify MMC in system.sh


Place SD card into the device and boot...

cd /opt/sgx
sudo tar xf GFX_4.0*_libs.tar.gz
sudo ./install-sgx.sh 

Reboot, check modules (lsmod):

Module                  Size  Used by
bufferclass_ti          5727  0 
omaplfb                11512  0 
pvrsrvkm              165208  2 bufferclass_ti,omaplfb

Blit Test:

ubuntu@omap:/usr/bin/armhf/es5.0$ ./sgx_blit_test 
------------------ SGX 3D Blit test -----------------
----------------------- Start -----------------------
Call PVRSRVConnect with a valid argument:
Get number of devices from PVRSRVEnumerateDevices:
.... Reported 1 devices
.... Device Number  | Device Type
            0000    | PVRSRV_DEVICE_ID_SGX
Attempt to acquire device 0:
Getting SGX Client info
.... ui32ProcessID:1133
Display Class API: enumerate devices
PVRSRVEnumerateDeviceClass() returns 1 display device(s)
Display Class API: open device
Display Class API: Get display info
.... Name:PowerVR OMAP Linux Display Driver
.... MaxSwapChains:1
.... MaxSwapChainBuffers:1
.... MinSwapInterval:0
.... MaxSwapInterval:1
Display Class API: enumerate display formats
.... Display format 0 - Pixelformat:1
Display Class API: enumerate display dimensions
.... Display dimensions 0 - ByteStride:2560 Width:1280 Height:720
Attempt to create memory context for SGX:
.... Shared heap 0 - HeapID:0x7000000 DevVAddr:0x1000 Size:0x87fe000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 1 - HeapID:0x7000001 DevVAddr:0xc800000 Size:0xfff000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 2 - HeapID:0x7000002 DevVAddr:0xe400000 Size:0x7f000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 3 - HeapID:0x7000003 DevVAddr:0xf000000 Size:0x3ff000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 4 - HeapID:0x7000004 DevVAddr:0xf400000 Size:0x4ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 5 - HeapID:0x7000005 DevVAddr:0xfc00000 Size:0x1ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 6 - HeapID:0x7000006 DevVAddr:0xdc00000 Size:0x7ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 7 - HeapID:0x7000007 DevVAddr:0xe800000 Size:0x7ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 8 - HeapID:0x7000008 DevVAddr:0xd800000 Size:0x3ff000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 9 - HeapID:0x7000009 DevVAddr:0x8800000 Size:0x0 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 10 - HeapID:0x700000a DevVAddr:0x8800000 Size:0x3fff000 Attr:0x2014200
Display Class API: get the system (primary) buffer
Display Class API: map display surface to SGX
Attempt to create transfer context for SGX:
Do a SRCCOPY blit to the bottom right quadrant of the display:
(bottom right quadrant should be red on blue background):
Do a SRCCOPY blit to the top left quadrant of the display:
(top left quadrant should be striped (r/g/b/w) on blue background):
Do a CUSTOMSHADER blit to the top right quadrant of the display:
(top right quadrant should be yellow):
0xb6acd000 (host) 0xf407000 (device): Device mem for custom shader program
0xb6acb000 (host) 0xf408000 (device): Device mem for texture
USE custom shader program: 0x28841001.c0000000	mov.end o0, sa0
Do a SRCCOPY blit with COLOUR DOWNSAMPLING from ARGB8888 to RGB565
and then present the RGB565 to the bottom right quadrant of the screen
(bottom right quadrant should be a red gradient):
Free the off screen surfaces:
Destroy the transfer context:
Display Class API: unmap display surface from SGX
Destroy Device Memory Context
Display Class API: close the device
Release SGX Client Info:
Disconnect from services:
------------------ SGX 3D Blit test -----------------
------------------------ End ------------------------

SGX Legacy armel only upto v3.2.x

NOTE: this only works on BeagleBoard hardware, BeagleBone stuff is in development..

Requirements: stable-kernel (the Demo Images hosted on rcn-ee.net meet this requirement)


Note: Due to a bug (seems to only effect older Beagle Bx/Cx boards, use v3.0.8-x3 based kernels)

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/oneiric/v3.0.8-x3/install-me.sh
/bin/bash install-me.sh

SDK unPackage Script

Download the latest version of the "create_sgx_package.sh" script

wget https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/x86/ti_omap/create_sgx_package_2.6.37.sh
wget https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/x86/ti_omap/create_sgx_package_3.2.x.sh

Make script executable

chmod a+x ./create_sgx_package_*.sh

Run script


After Successfully running:

:~/temp$ ls
GFX_X_XX_XX_XX_libs.tar.gz                      : -> Copy to Beagle (System Libs)
GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz                            : -> Copy to Beagle (DEMO's)

Beagle: GFX_*_libs.tar.gz

tar xf GFX_4_00_00_01_libs.tar.gz  (extracts install-SGX.sh and run-SGX.sh)
./install-SGX.sh (copies necessary SGX libs and startup script)
./run-SGX.sh (force run the new init script, or you can just reboot...)

On successful install:

Stopping PVR
Starting PVR
Starting SGX fixup for ES2.x (or ES3.x) (or ES5.x xM)

Reboot for good measure

sudo reboot

Beagle: GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz

tar xf GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz
cd GFX_Linux_SDK
tar xf OGLES.tar.gz

Test SGX with a DEMO

cd OGLES/SDKPackage/Binaries/CommonX11/Demos/EvilSkull

Trouble Shooting

sudo rm /etc/powervr-esrev
sudo depmod -a omaplfb
sudo /etc/init.d/pvr restart

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM




BeagleBone Black


Panda/Panda ES


Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade