Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardDebian"

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== QEMU method ==
+
[[Category: Linux]]
 +
[[Category: OMAP]]
 +
[[Category:Development Boards]]
 +
[[Category: BeagleBoard]]
 +
This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) [https://www.debian.org/ Debian] distribution at [[BeagleBoard]]. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from [[BeagleBoard#MMC.2FSD_boot|SD card]]. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.
  
Note: this guide references Aurélien Jarno's excellent howto: [http://www.aurel32.net/info/debian_arm_qemu.php Debian on an emulated ARM machine]
+
Note: Original Beagleboards work with the Debian Console image booted via holding user button down. Last tested 05/2020. Ref: https://github.com/beagleboard/Latest-Images/issues/48
  
install qemu
+
= Help =
apt-get install qemu
 
  
'''Format SD Card (1GB or greater)'''
+
If you need any help:
  
Follow this guide to setup a 50-100MB FAT partition on your SD Card. [http://code.google.com/p/beagleboard/wiki/LinuxBootDiskFormat LinuxBootDisk]
+
*Kernel related help:
 +
** [https://groups.google.com/group/beagleboard Email Beagleboard user group] *Recommended method
 +
** ''#beagle'': Beagle irc on freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
 +
** Kernel Trees
 +
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform/ v5.4.x kernel branch]
 +
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel/ BeagleBone]
 +
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
  
For reference, this is a 2GB sd card after installing debian.
+
*When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
 +
** U-Boot Version installed on board
 +
** Kernel Version: uname -a
 +
** pastebin dmesg
 +
*** Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)
  
  Disk /dev/sde: 2032 MB, 2032664576 bytes
+
= Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black =
  255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 247 cylinders
+
* http://beagleboard.org/source
  Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
+
 
  Disk identifier: 0x000ab123
+
= Recommended Beagle Software =
 +
 
 +
Mainline U-Boot:
 +
* All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
 +
* XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
 +
* Directions: [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Upgrade_X-loader_and_U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot]
 +
 
 +
= Debian NetInstall =
 +
 
 +
Scripts:
 +
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
 +
cd netinstall
 +
 
 +
Device Options:
 +
BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
 +
BeagleBoard-xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
 +
BeagleBoard-X15 --dtb am57xx-beagle-x15
 +
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
 +
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
 +
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
 +
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
 +
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
 +
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es
 +
 
 +
You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.
 +
Standard System : ~455MB
 +
 
 +
== Debian 10 (buster) ==
 +
 
 +
Quick Install script for "board"
 +
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro stretch
 +
 
 +
So For the BeagleBoard xM:
 +
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro stretch
 +
 
 +
*Options:
 +
**--firmware : installs firmware
 +
**--serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port
 +
 
 +
= Demo Image =
 +
 
 +
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBoard xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 +
cd armv7-multiplatform
 +
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
 +
./build_kernel.sh
 +
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/PocketBeagle:  Kernel v4.19.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.19.y
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 +
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
 +
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
 +
./build_kernel.sh
 +
 
 +
== Debian (buster) ==
 +
 
 +
Default username/password:
 +
*username: debian
 +
*password: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
 
 +
Services Active:
 +
Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
 +
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
 +
  SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) debian@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) debian@192.168.6.2
 +
Getty, Serial Port
 +
 
 +
Default user: debian pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
b6f1ca53d67554d0381ca59fe9ecd50b5013a073abd2b2e133aa8be1784cdbc6  debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
 
 +
Unpack Image:
 +
tar xf debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
  cd debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12
 +
 
 +
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
 +
sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc
 +
 
 +
You should see something like:
 +
 
 +
Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...
 +
 +
fdisk -l:
 +
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes '''<- x86 Root Drive'''
 +
  Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes '''<- MMC/SD card'''
 
   
 
   
   Device Boot     Start        End      Blocks   Id System
+
lsblk:
  /dev/sde1              1          6       48163+  FAT16
+
NAME  MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
  /dev/sde2 *           7        228    1783215  83 Linux
+
sda      8:0   0 465.8G  0 disk
  /dev/sde3            229        247      152617+  5 Extended
+
├─sda1  8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  '''<- x86 Root Partition'''
  /dev/sde5            229        247      152586  82 Linux swap / Solaris
+
├─sda2  8:2    0    1K  0 part
 +
└─sda5  8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
 +
sdd     8:48  1  3.7G  0 disk
 +
├─sdd1  8:49  1    64M  0 part
 +
└─sdd2  8:50  1   3.6G  0 part
 +
 
 +
* In this example, we can see via mount, '''/dev/sda1''' is the x86 rootfs, therefore '''/dev/sdd''' is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...
 +
 
 +
Install Image:
 +
 
 +
Quick install script for [board]
 +
sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board
 +
 
 +
board options:
 +
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 +
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
 +
*All BeagleBone Variants          - beaglebone
 +
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
 +
*BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI) - am57xx-beagle-x15
 +
 
 +
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
 +
  sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
 +
 
 +
Advanced: Build Image:
 +
 
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 +
cd omap-image-builder
 +
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp
 +
 
 +
Stable:
 +
 
 +
./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_buster_armhf
 +
 
 +
= Flasher =
 +
 
 +
== eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC ==
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.
 +
 
 +
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
 +
 
 +
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
 +
 
 +
Notes:
 +
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 +
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
 +
 
 +
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
12a449c3426d811765e8ef0236ae3ddc74fc645a482640984435452929ebf55d  bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
http://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI ==
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.
 +
 
 +
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
 +
 
 +
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
 +
 
 +
Notes:
 +
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 +
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
 +
 
 +
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
b2d4600cfbeaad90e9d634f8f9671be1223d235e6581aac82897d3f28076d338  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
  http://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
  xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
= raw microSD img =
 +
 
 +
== BeagleBoard xM ==
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Auto partition resize:
 +
  cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
864cd6a45179e87c68087150597e18a1c12c81621da7735ee8d5c35094423845  bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
  http://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
  xzcat bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
== All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle==
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Auto partition resize:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
6d898c473edc8a50597ed7da8342c899d88e07b8a6b4c7c143257e947cb5f52d  bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
  http://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
  xzcat bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
== BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI==
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
 +
 
 +
Auto partition resize:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
 
 +
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
24bfaeac8d90ebd36790ba4c04a4117fe8c2e7aa28de5d1ff0a5ab164e32bb90  am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
 +
 
 +
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
  http://etcher.io
 +
 
 +
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
 
 +
= Debian Configuration =
 +
 
 +
==Install Latest Kernel Image==
 +
 
 +
General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:
 +
sudo apt-get update
 +
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
 +
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
 +
sudo reboot
 +
 
 +
Latest kernel script
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/
 +
git pull
 +
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>
 +
 
 +
== 4.19.x-ti ==
 +
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
 +
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.19.y
 +
 
 +
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
 +
--ti-channel --lts-4_19
 +
 
 +
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
 +
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19
 +
 
 +
== Mainline (4.19.x lts) ==
 +
 
 +
4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
 +
--bone-kernel --lts-4_19
  
'''Prepare QEMU'''
+
4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
 +
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19
  
To stay organized create working directory.
+
== Debian 9: stretch ==
 +
sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp
  
wget http://people.debian.org/~aurel32/arm-versatile/vmlinuz-2.6.18-6-versatile
+
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
wget http://people.debian.org/~aurel32/arm-versatile/initrd.img-2.6.18-6-versatile
 
wget http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian/dists/etch/main/installer-arm/current/images/rpc/netboot/initrd.gz
 
  
'''Install Debian - QEMU'''
+
== Xorg Drivers ==
  
  sudo qemu-system-arm -M versatilepb -kernel vmlinuz-2.6.18-6-versatile -initrd initrd.gz -hda /dev/sde -append "root=/dev/ram"
+
Script:
Note: sudo access is required to access /dev/sde directly.
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
 +
git pull
  
Debian-Installer will complain that it can't find kernel modules, answer [yes] to continue the install.  We will be providing our own kernel.
+
BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-omapdrm.sh
  
'''Running Debian - QEMU'''
+
BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-tilcdc.sh
  
sudo qemu-system-arm -M versatilepb -kernel vmlinuz-2.6.18-6-versatile -initrd initrd.img-2.6.18-6-versatile -hda /dev/sde -append "root=/dev/sda2"
+
== SGX Drivers ==
  
Note: Time will be incorrect.
+
=== SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black ===
  
login as root, change password
+
[[BeagleBoneBlack/SGX_%2B_Qt_EGLFS_%2B_Weston|A page is dedicated for the installation and use of the graphics accelerator]].
apt-get install ntpdate
 
ntpdate pool.ntp.org
 
reboot.. relogin change password...
 
  
'''Stop QEMU and remount SD card to copy uImage to FAT partition'''
+
= Building Kernel =
  
cd /media/disk-1/
+
Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:
wget http://beagleboard.googlecode.com/files/uImage_OTG
 
  
'''Beagleboard'''
+
== Beagle/Beagle xM ==
 +
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard
  
Insert SD Card and power up beagleboard. Using a serial program stop u-boot and add these commands:
+
== BeagleBone ==
 +
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone
  
setenv bootcmd 'mmcinit; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage_OTG; bootm 0x80300000'
+
== BeagleBone Black ==
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 noinitrd root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext3 rw rootdelay=5 nohz=off'
+
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black
  boot
 
  
To force the Beagleboard to always boot the sd card image:
+
== Panda/Panda ES ==
 +
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard
  
setenv bootcmd 'mmcinit; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage_OTG; bootm 0x80300000'
+
= Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 =
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 noinitrd root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext3 rw rootdelay=5 nohz=off'
 
saveenv
 
boot
 
  
'''Debian on Beagleboard'''
+
[http://www.jeremycole.com/blog/2011/03/09/beagleboard-upgrading-from-debian-5-to-debian-6/ Upgrading] from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.
+
 
Console log = Serial Terminal
+
= Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy) =
User Console = HDMI port + usb (keyboard,etc)
 
  
'''Current Issues'''
+
Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...
  
  #Swap disabled: change /dev/hda5 -> /dev/mmcblk0p5 in /etc/fstab (artifact of qemu install to /dev/hdaX)
+
  sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
  #RTC seems to be not enabled: use ntpdate when ethernet works, or issue date MMDDHHMMSSYYYY
+
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
 +
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
 +
  sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade

Latest revision as of 21:01, 29 May 2020

This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Note: Original Beagleboards work with the Debian Console image booted via holding user button down. Last tested 05/2020. Ref: https://github.com/beagleboard/Latest-Images/issues/48

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard-xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBoard-X15 --dtb am57xx-beagle-x15
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB

Debian 10 (buster)

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro stretch

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro stretch
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Debian (buster)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) debian@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) debian@192.168.6.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
b6f1ca53d67554d0381ca59fe9ecd50b5013a073abd2b2e133aa8be1784cdbc6  debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
cd debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • All BeagleBone Variants - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI) - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_buster_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
12a449c3426d811765e8ef0236ae3ddc74fc645a482640984435452929ebf55d  bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
b2d4600cfbeaad90e9d634f8f9671be1223d235e6581aac82897d3f28076d338  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
864cd6a45179e87c68087150597e18a1c12c81621da7735ee8d5c35094423845  bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
6d898c473edc8a50597ed7da8342c899d88e07b8a6b4c7c143257e947cb5f52d  bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
24bfaeac8d90ebd36790ba4c04a4117fe8c2e7aa28de5d1ff0a5ab164e32bb90  am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX


Debian Configuration

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

4.19.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.19.y
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_19
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19

Mainline (4.19.x lts)

4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_19
4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19

Debian 9: stretch

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

A page is dedicated for the installation and use of the graphics accelerator.

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade