Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardUbuntu"

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m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2018-12-10)
m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2019-04-10)
 
Line 69: Line 69:
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
  
=== Ubuntu (18.04.1) ===
+
=== Ubuntu (18.04.2) ===
  
 
Default username/password:
 
Default username/password:
Line 76: Line 76:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
** All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.18.7-armv7-x7 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.18.7-armv7-x7 kernel
** All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.17.12-armv7-x12 kernel
 
** All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
  
 
Services Active:
 
Services Active:
Line 101: Line 101:
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10.tar.xz
+
  sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz
  db05514b37792ef72a5f5a5d57f5f320206399701e5c66b5c81f83ce0e0662e4 ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10.tar.xz
+
  96ad2d61860dcd14338d71a38328ac852b79317df88d6db39c3c945f4aaf6e4b ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz
  
 
Unpack Image:
 
Unpack Image:
  tar xf ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10.tar.xz
+
  tar xf ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz
  cd ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10
+
  cd ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10
  
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
Line 142: Line 142:
 
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
 
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
*All BeagleBone Varients         - beaglebone
+
*All BeagleBone Variants         - beaglebone
 
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
 
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
 
*BeagleBoard-X15                  - am57xx-beagle-x15
 
*BeagleBoard-X15                  - am57xx-beagle-x15
Line 153: Line 153:
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  cd omap-image-builder
 
  cd omap-image-builder
  git checkout v2018.12 -b tmp
+
  git checkout v2019.04 -b tmp
  
 
Stable:
 
Stable:
Line 161: Line 161:
 
== Flasher ==
 
== Flasher ==
  
=== eMMC: All BeagleBone Varients with eMMC ===
+
=== eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
Line 178: Line 178:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
** All BeagleBone Varients with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
** All BeagleBone Varients with eMMC: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** All BeagleBone Varients with eMMC: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb*
+
  sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
  4625df9b9979f2afaab557ff9c6ecc12571117dba7255a7f17d6f480447e7e36 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  0fa50446d6ea2bb9ae098fbb18b6eaba3ee6a4dd4b1f3aca67be445c723cf872 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 196: Line 196:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
Line 215: Line 215:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb*
+
  sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
  f923fb17bd3acac1caa56667ff44752037cc4a06b69dc584c325d3c1ca0dc288 bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  b0c92913e363939e4229407fad42f0d1103b30891e1c0f83d9bd3d10afa86ce7 am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 233: Line 233:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
== raw microSD img ==
 
== raw microSD img ==
Line 239: Line 239:
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 251: Line 251:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.18.7-armv7-x7 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.18.7-armv7-x7 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.17.12-armv7-x12 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
  1e341a5a55386250455d39b31392d7866d07420c757e1d3561f16fdc67284b49 bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  af457017f2c62f11c09401fa8b5ce45fcca7f08206b18ca3df5ad0c346c4f5eb bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 269: Line 269:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
=== All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle===
+
=== All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 285: Line 285:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
** All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
** All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** All BeagleBone Varients and PocketBeagle: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
  24f4777702b57f2585ba59a6e6b02872cd88e06c40a161ea1e0dcc0c29ddc540 bone-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  ba4462407b9a40c4ffde722ee527191e6aac2c7a71d94124c055a5136c896798 bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 303: Line 303:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 319: Line 319:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb*
+
  sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
  0a8bbc7809245c41e313b5f395f0d5d252c951bc4594b9671116649d40157607 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  3d8ad2b695c2c5fd29520facc66a4c2dc9e5d3a836d6c03c8585360ae5a0af04 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 337: Line 337:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 353: Line 353:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 
*2018-12-10
 
*2018-12-10
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 
*2018-09-11
 
*2018-09-11
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
*2018-08-10
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.62-ti-r69 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2018-12-10/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb*
+
  sha256sum am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
  6a8aafa7372a9fbc4d7ad2f48ca981f70a3105163f96340d86479e703a762990 bbx15-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz
+
  e08718e5161faf23011855e1c9fe3278dd247d21f1c579b5276d88ba3f4dbeca am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 371: Line 371:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbx15-ubuntu-18.04.1-console-armhf-2018-12-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=

Latest revision as of 07:39, 11 April 2019

(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click here.) (Should Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black be merged into this page?)

This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM EABI) Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the SD card. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the PandaBoard and BeagleBone.

  • For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.

Help

If you need any help:

  • Ubuntu related help:
    • #ubuntu-arm: Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode (logs -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  • When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Required Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Omap Serial Changes

boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:

With 2.6.35:

console=ttyS2,115200n8

With 2.6.36/37+:

console=ttyO2,115200n8

Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf

start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2

Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.19.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.14.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Ubuntu (18.04.2)

Default username/password:

  • username: ubuntu
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.18.7-armv7-x7 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.6.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz
96ad2d61860dcd14338d71a38328ac852b79317df88d6db39c3c945f4aaf6e4b  ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • All BeagleBone Variants - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2019.04 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_bionic_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
0fa50446d6ea2bb9ae098fbb18b6eaba3ee6a4dd4b1f3aca67be445c723cf872  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
b0c92913e363939e4229407fad42f0d1103b30891e1c0f83d9bd3d10afa86ce7  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.18.7-armv7-x7 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
af457017f2c62f11c09401fa8b5ce45fcca7f08206b18ca3df5ad0c346c4f5eb  bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
ba4462407b9a40c4ffde722ee527191e6aac2c7a71d94124c055a5136c896798  bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
3d8ad2b695c2c5fd29520facc66a4c2dc9e5d3a836d6c03c8585360ae5a0af04  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat omap5-uevm-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  • 2018-09-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.67-ti-r74 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2019-04-10/microsd/am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb*
e08718e5161faf23011855e1c9fe3278dd247d21f1c579b5276d88ba3f4dbeca  am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.2-console-armhf-2019-04-10-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Method 2: Use the NetInstall method

You will need a 1GB/2GB/4GB/8GB SD card or greater.

Standard system : ~700 MB

Report Bugs/Issues to: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/issues (anywhere else will be ignored..)

Download the netinstall script:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Currently supported Ubuntu distributions:

--distro oneiric (11.10)
--distro precise-armhf (12.04)
--distro quantal (12.10)
--distro raring (13.04)
--distro saucy (13.10)

Device: <board> selection:

*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx  - omap3-beagle
*BeagleBoard xMA/B/C   - omap3-beagle-xm
*BeagleBone Ax         - am335x-bone-serial
*BeagleBone (DVI cape) - am335x-bone-video
*BeagleBone Black      - am335x-boneblack
*PandaBoard Ax     - omap4-panda
*PandaBoard A4+    - omap4-panda-a4
*PandaBoard ES     - omap4-panda-es

Installation script for new <board> selection: (slowly migrating all devices to this method)

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb <board> --distro <distro>

So for the xM: with quantal:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro quantal
  • Other Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Place SD card into BeagleBoard and boot:

Configure the network:

usb0: USB net <- (usually the OTG port)
eth0: USB net <- (usually the smsc95xx adapter on the BeagleBoard and PandaBoard)
wlan0: Wifi <- Your USDB-Wi-Fi device.. 

See my notes for my testing procedure: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/blob/master/test.Ubuntu

Troubleshooting: If booting fails..

  • Hold the user button down to force booting from MMC
  • Upgrade X-loader and U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot
  • Clear U-boot's Environment Variables in NAND:
nand erase 260000 20000

NetInstall assumptions:

Assume asll <default>'s... Thanks you preseed.conf!!!

Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)

Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Advanced

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.9.y
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_9

4.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.14.y
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_14
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9
4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.14.x lts)

4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_14
4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Swapfile

Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition

On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256 MB and 512 MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256 MB not being enough RAM).

Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.

Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.

Creating a Swapfile

The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:

sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/   
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile 

To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:

/var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0   0

To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.

Ubuntu Software

Wi-Fi Networking (command line)

/etc/network/interfaces

It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.

You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.

This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834

A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-driver wext
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
wpa-ap-scan 1
wpa-proto RSN
wpa-pairwise CCMP
wpa-group CCMP
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>

Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.

Lightweight window managers

If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.

JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256 MB, using JWM will leave about 60 MB free in which to run applications.

Web Apps

Midori

Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29

Surveillance

Motion

If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.

Motion is also available from the standard repositories: http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27 Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.

To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:

  • Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login
  • Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
  • motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
  • Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
#! /bin/sh
/usr/bin/motion -c /etc/motion/motion.conf

This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.

Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.

Robotics

ROS

ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Bionic armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:

http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation/Ubuntu

Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).

For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.