- 1 Events
- 2 Description
- 3 Specifications
- 4 Expansion Connectors
- 5 USB 2.0 Powered Hubs
- 6 Expansion Boards and Accessories
- 7 BeagleBone Operating Systems
- 8 Board recovery
- 9 Software Development
- 10 Kernel
- 11 FAQ
- 12 Projects
- 13 Links
- 14 Subpages
BeagleBone ships with a 4GB micro-SD card preloaded with the Angstrom ARM Linux distribution.
- Up to 720 MHz superscalar ARM Cortex-A8 AM3358/9
- 256 MB DDR2 RAM
- 10/100 Ethernet RJ45 socket, IPv4 and IPv6 networking
- MicroSD slot and 4GB microSD card supplied
- Preloaded with Angstrom ARM Linux Distribution
- Single USB 2.0 type A host port
- Dual USB hub on USB 2.0 type mini-A OTG device port
- On-board USB-to-serial/JTAG over one shared USB device port
- Storage-over-USB or Ethernet-over-USB on other USB device port
- Extensive I/O: 2 I2C, 5 UART, SPI, CAN, 66 GPIO, 8 PWM, 8 ADC
- +5V DC power from barrel connector or USB device port
- Power consumption of 300-500mA at 5V
- Two 46-pin 3.3-V peripheral headers with multiplexed LCD signals
- Board size: 3.4" × 2.1" (86.4mm x 53.3mm) -- fits in an Altoid tin
BeagleBone Black (differences)
- 1 GHz superscalar ARM Cortex-A8 AM3359
- 512 MB DDR3 RAM
- On-board 2 GB eMMC flash, preloaded with Angstrom ARM Linux Distribution
- MicroSD slot for additional user data or operating systems (no card supplied)
- USB 2.0 type A host port
- Dedicated single mini-USB 2.0 client port (no additional 2-port hub)
- New micro-HDMI audio/visual output
- USB-to-serial and USB-to-JTAG interfaces removed (available on expansion headers)
- Power expansion header for backlight removed, battery charging moved onto pads
- Lower power consumption of 210-460 mA at 5V
P9 and P8 - Each 2x23 pins
In addition to the two large headers above, a small 10-pin dual-row connector "P6" provides a "PMIC Expansion" that brings out some additional signals from the TPS65217B Power Management IC, using the following pinout:
P6 - 2x5 pins
NB. P6 is not available on BeagleBone Black
This diagram of P6 provides an UNDERSIDE PINOUT view.
It is therefore laterally inverted relative to the photograph.
USB 2.0 Powered Hubs
- Expanded Hub Features
- 4 Port Powered USB 2.0 Hub
- Plug and Play
- includes Micro USB Cable
- Includes Power Adaptor which is Made In China and provides 5V 2.6A Power Supply
- lsusb Info - ID 05e3:0608 Genesys Logic Inc. USB-2.0 4-Port Hub
- NO LED Indicator for Activity / Plugged In Display
- Packaging indicates Part # - F4U040SA
- Packaging does not mention Linux Kernel compatibility OR Power in Amps provided by the Hub
- Packaging indicates compatibility with Windows 7 & Mac OS 9.2 and Above
Expansion Boards and Accessories
This section lists only those capes which are available commercially or which are close to a production release, as well as open hardware designs.
- CircuitCo BeagleBone DVI-D cape
- CircuitCo BeagleBone Breadboard cape
- CircuitCo BeagleBone Breakout cape
- CircuitCo BeagleBone CANBus cape
- CircuitCo BeagleBone RS232 cape
- CircuitCo BeagleBone Battery cape
- Chipsee - BeagleBone Black Expansion Capacitive
- Chipsee - BeagleBone Black Expansion Resistive
- Adafruit Proto Cape kit for BeagleBone
- TowerTech TT3201 Multi-Channel CAN Cape
- Special Computing Spartan-3A FPGA cape for BeagleBone -- in development
- Thinking Machines LCD-IO Expansion Cape -- in development
- Open Source BeagleBone Prototyping Board -- piranha32 GitHub repository
- Embest BeagleBone HDMI cape
- Logic Supply LGX BeagleBone Proto Cape
- DMCC (Dual Motor Controller Cape) for DC brushed motors
- TIGAL - BeagleBone Proto Cape
- TIGAL - BeagleBone mikroBUS Cape
- Mikronauts - EZasBone BeagleBone / BeagleBone Black stacking Prototyping Cape
These USB Wifi modules have been tested and validated to work with the BeagleBone Black:
- Logic Supply UWN100 Compact USB Wifi Module
- Logic Supply UWN200 Compact USB Wifi Module with Antenna
- D-Link DWA-121 (Version A1) Wireless N 150 Pico [Realtek RTL8188CUS] works out-of-the-box with Arch Linux (3.12.1)
See here for how to use the I2S interface for audio.
Battery Power, Charging and Power Management
Intelligent Power Switch
A very useful add on to help you manage power on your BeagleBone.
LCD Displays and Other Expansions
- NAXING Electronics BeadaFrame with BeagleBone companion board
- Expanded Hardware Features:
- 7" 800x480 TFT LCD screen
- PWM Backlight control
- Resistive touch panel
- Plastic frame
- 256MB Nand flash(K9F2G08)
- RS232 serial ports(UART1 w/ CTS&RTS)
- Stereo audio out
- Micro-phone in
- 6 x USER buttons
- PWM Beeper
- RTC with Battery(DS1302)
- ChipSee BBB-EXP-C BeagleBone Black 7 inch LCD cape and expansion I/O
- TIGAL - BeagleBone Black Case
- Adafruit Bone Box - Enclosure for Beagle Bone
- An Altoids Tin - Beaglebone Black fits very nicely inside a regular sized Altoids tin
- SK Pang Acrylic Cover for BeagleBone
- Special Computing Bone Acrylic Case
- canadaduane's 3D-printable BeagleBone Case design
- NinjaBlock's 3D-printable Beaglebone front panel design
- builttospec's laser-cut design for BeagleBone Enclosure with DVI Cape
- Built to Spec BeagleBone Case Update, and final product
- Phenoptix (UK) BeagleBone Black clip-together enclosure
- BeagleBone Black Compact Metal Enclosure in Black - Logic Supply US Logic Supply EU. Open Source design available on GitHub
- BeagleBone Black Compact Metal Enclosure in Orange - Logic Supply US Logic Supply EU
BeagleBone Operating Systems
BeagleBone's default operating system is Angstrom, which ships with the board. This section provides basic information on Angstrom and other operating systems commonly used on BeagleBone. This information may help in making a preliminary choice, but full details should be obtained from the home sites.
The latest images of the official Angstrom images for BeagleBoard.org products can be found at the beagleboard.org latest images web page
- Home site: http://www.angstrom-distribution.org/
- Mailing lists: angstrom-distro-devel and angstrom-distro-users
- IRC channel: irc://irc.freenode.net/#angstrom
Ångström was started by a small group of people who worked on the OpenEmbedded, OpenZaurus and OpenSimpad projects to unify their effort to make a stable and user-friendly distribution for embedded devices like handhelds, set top boxes and network-attached storage devices. Ångström can scale down to devices with only 4MB of flash storage.
The Angstrom community does not provide a forum, intentionally.
Angstrom uses Busybox for many key utilities, which has both pros and cons. Advantages include requiring less storage space and a smaller memory footprint for many common utilities, which also improves system startup time and performance. The main disadvantages stem from those utilities not mirroring exactly their full-size counterparts. These differences can be annoying if one is used to standard behavior, and may also break shell scripts that rely on portable functionality.
Angstrom uses connman for network connection management, but no documentation is available for this currently. Also, man(1) and man pages are not provided by default, nor debugging utilities like strace(1) and tcpdump(1). Getting started may therefore present difficulties, depending on experience.
- See BeagleBoardDebian
- Home site: http://wiki.debian.org/ArmEabiPort
- Mailing list: http://lists.debian.org/debian-arm/
- IRC channel: irc://irc.debian.org/debian-arm
The ARM EABI port is the default port of the standard Debian distribution of Linux for the ARM architecture ("armel"). EABI ("Embedded ABI") is actually a family of ABIs, and one of the "subABIs" is the GNU EABI for Linux which is used for this port. Starting with Debian 7.0 (Wheezy) there is a port targeted at newer (armv7 with fpu) hardware with another ABI ("armhf").
The Debian Project is strongly committed to software freedom, and has a long pedigree and a good reputation.
- See ARMhf
The vision for Ubuntu is part social and part economic: free software, available free of charge to everybody on the same terms, and funded through a portfolio of services provided by Canonical.
The first version of Ubuntu was based on the GNOME desktop, but has since added a KDE edition, Kubuntu, and a server edition. All of the editions of Ubuntu share common infrastructure and software. In recent years, special emphasis has been placed on netbooks for lightweight, connected, mobile computing, and on the cloud as a new architecture for data centres.
- See BeagleBoardFedora.
- Home site: http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Architectures/ARM
- Mailing list: http://lists.fedoraproject.org/pipermail/arm/
- IRC channel: irc://irc.freenode.net/#fedora-arm
The Fedora Project is sponsored by Red Hat, which invests in its infrastructure and resources to encourage collaboration and incubate innovative new technologies. Some of these technologies may later be integrated into Red Hat products. They are developed in Fedora and produced under a free and open source license from inception, so other free software communities and projects are free to study, adopt, and modify them.
Red Hat has been a major player since the earliest days of Linux distributions, and has earned a good reputation for solidity which continues in Fedora. The Fedora ARM initiative is very active (see mailing list).
- Home site: http://archlinuxarm.org/platforms/armv7/beaglebone
- Source repository: https://github.com/archlinuxarm/PKGBUILDs
- IRC channel: irc://irc.freenode.net/#archlinux-arm
Arch Linux for BeagleBone is a version of the Arch Linux ARM distribution. This carries forward the Arch Linux philosophy of simplicity and user-centrism, targeting and accommodating competent Linux users by giving them complete control and responsibility over the system. Instructions are provided to assist in navigating the nuances of installation on the varied ARM platforms; however, the system itself will offer little assistance to the user.
The entire distribution is on a rolling-release cycle that can be updated daily through small packages instead of huge updates on a defined release schedule. Most packages are unmodified from the code which upstream developers release.
- Home site: http://dev.gentoo.org/~armin76/arm/beaglebone/install.xml
- IRC channel: irc://irc.freenode.net/#gentoo-embedded
Gentoo is a source-based meta-distribution of Linux. Instead of distributing a standard system image built with predefined options, Gentoo gives each user the means to create their own customized system that doesn't contain unused bloat and with minimum dependencies. Upgrades are incremental and under user control, so a Gentoo system is normally always up-to-date and wholesale upgrades are avoided.
Being a source-based system, the downside of Gentoo for low-power ARM systems is very long install times for large applications. Cross-compilation on x86 machines and distcc can overcome this problem, but they add complexity.
- Home site: wiki.sabayon.org/Hitchhikers Guide to the BeagleBone
- IRC channel: irc://irc.freenode.net/#sabayon
Sabayon Linux uses the mechanisms of Gentoo to create a pre-configured Linux distribution that can be installed as rapidly as a normal binary distribution, but still retains the benefits of Gentoo's source-based package management. Sabayon on Intel/AMD also provides the Entropy binary package management system, which could in principle greatly ease installation of packages on resource-constrained embedded Linux devices, but this is not yet available for ARM.
Although it is still early days for Sabayon on ARM (and hence on BeagleBone), there is regular progress reported on lxnay's blog, and contributions from the community would probably accelerate the work.
MINIX 3 is a POSIX compliant, micro-kernel based, operating system with a unique set of reliability features. The MINIX 3 team considers the BeagleBone Black as it's current main target for ARM. There are no binaries available but building from scratch is very easy and fast!
Buildroot is a set of Makefiles and patches that makes it easy to generate a complete embedded Linux system. Buildroot can generate any or all of a cross-compilation toolchain, a root filesystem, a kernel image and a bootloader image. Buildroot is useful mainly for people working with small or embedded systems, using various CPU architectures (x86, ARM, MIPS, PowerPC, etc.) : it automates the building process of your embedded system and eases the cross-compilation process.
The resulting root filesystem is mounted read-only, but other filesystems can be mounted read/write for persistence. Although user accounts can be created, in practice almost everything is done as root. Buildroot uses no package manager. Instead, package selection is managed through make menuconfig.
- Home site: http://nerves-project.org/
- Source repository: https://github.com/nerves-project/bbone-erlang-buildroot
- Erlang project site: http://www.erlang.org/
Erlang is a programming language used to build massively scalable soft realtime systems with high availability requirements (5-9’s). Some of its uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang’s runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance.
OTP is a set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems. It includes its own distributed database, applications to interface towards other languages, debugging and release handling tools.
The Nerves project provides an embedded Linux-based environment for running Erlang and an easy-to-use API to access common I/O interfaces, based on Buildroot (see above). If you are interested in running an Erlang node on a low power ARM-based board such as BeagleBone, this project can get you started.
- See BeagleBoardRecovery --- (*) Check applicability
Cloud9 IDE and Bonescript
..... description here .....
BeagleBone JTAG Debugging
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Using Netbeans to remotely compile and debug C/C++
Netbeans can also use GDB for remote debugging over ssh.
- Set up a samba / smb network share through which code can be shared between both desktop and beagle
- Give netbeans the SSh login details of the beagle
- Setup only takes a few minutes.
- Download Netbeans (Windows/Linux/OS-X/Solaris): http://www.netbeans.org/
- Example tutorial on setting this up: http://mechomaniac.com/BeagleboardDevelopmentWithNetbeans
Getting the Right Kernel
The modern BeagleBone kernels are Maintained by Koen Kooi and are available on the 3.8 branch at https://github.com/beagleboard/kernel/tree/3.8 . This repo contains a set of patches and a script which downloads a mainline kernel and then patches it appropriately. Exact steps for building it are in the README.
Step-by-step guide to building a BBB kernel
echo cape-bone-name > $SLOTS to install, and
echo -<slotnum> > $SLOTS to uninstall, but read through the web page and comments section first to see what $SLOT is set to).
Home site and Community
- beagleboard.org -- home for BeagleBoard and BeagleBone products
- BeagleBone Black -- manufacturer's page for the second BeagleBone board
- irc://irc.freenode.net/#beagle -- official combined IRC channel
- Google Groups forums/mailing list -- English, Japan, Brasil, Turkey
- BeagleBoard and BeagleBone projects list
- Capes Registry and its registration page
- BeagleBone articles at Adafruit blog -- products, projects and tutorials
- Use Google to search beagleboard.org (including IRC logs) using site:beagleboard.org <search term>
- Linux.com report on BeagleBone Black -- with words from beagleBoard.org's cofounder Jason Kridner
- BBB, NEON and making Tintin bigger - introduction to using NEON on the BBB
- BeagleFu -- BeagleBone/Board Community, News and Projects.
Tutorials and Videos
- BeagleBone Intro, video by Jason Kridner, Texas Instruments
- How-To: Get Started with the BeagleBone, video by Matt Richardson, MakeMagazine
- The Beaglebone - Unboxing, Introduction Tutorial and First Example, video by Derek Molloy, DCU/EE
- Beaglebone: GPIO Programming on ARM Embedded Linux, video by Derek Molloy, DCU/EE
- C code for GPIO polling, sample code by Andrew Montag
- First steps with the Beaglebone, introductory HOWTO by octavio at borderhack
- Adafruit Learning System - BeagleBone -- web page
Manuals and resources
- BeagleBone System Reference Manual (rev. A3_1.0)
- Texas Instruments - Sitara AM335x ARM Cortex-A8 Microprocessor overview
- Texas Instruments - AM3359 Sitara ARM Cortex-A8 Microprocessor full documentation
- ARM/ARMv7-AR Architecture -- ARM Cortex-A8 architecture overview
- ARM Cortex-A8 Technical Reference Manual r2p1
- ARM Cortex-A Development Platforms -- ARM page on Beagle boards
- TI TPS65217 Power Management IC, TPS65217 PMIC datasheet
- FTDI FT2232H Hi-Speed Dual USB UART/FIFO IC overview, FT2232H datasheet
- Linux-USB Gadget API Framework and USB OTG, and kernel config -- Ethernet-over-USB
- Beaglebone and the 3.8 Kernel Details about the 3.8 Kernel, its use of DT and the capemanager.
- SolidWorks 3D model of the BeagleBone Black on GitHub, includes 3D PDF.