Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

PocketBeagle Support

Any images after 2017-09-21 will have support for the PocketBeagle

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull || true
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. Login as debian (password = temppwd) and edit /boot/uEnv.txt with nano (sudo nano /boot/uEnv.txt) or your preferred editor.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete, otherwise it'll just keep on re-flashing the eMMC)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

WARNING, this is now deprecated, please use U-Boot overlays

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

i take full responsibility for knowing my beagle is now insecure

as of 2017-02-19, BeagleBoard images now longer enable these insecure options by default, you are free to recreate them as you wish.

remove root password

root_password=$(cat /etc/shadow | grep root | awk -F ':' '{print $2}')
sed -i -e 's:'$root_password'::g' /etc/shadow

ssh root@beaglebone.local

sed -i -e 's:PermitEmptyPasswords no:PermitEmptyPasswords yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:UsePAM yes:UsePAM no:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:PermitRootLogin without-password:PermitRootLogin yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

sudo no password required

echo "debian  ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

U-Boot Overlays

Check via serial

U-Boot SPL 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d96ac (Dec 19 2017 - 13:20:06)
Trying to boot from MMC1

U-Boot 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d96ac (Dec 19 2017 - 13:20:06 -0600), Build: jenkins-github_Bootloader-Builder-19

Check via system

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ git pull
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ sudo ./version.sh | grep bootloader
bootloader:[microSD-(push-button)]:[/dev/mmcblk0]:[U-Boot 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d]

To upgrade your version of U-Boot:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/developers/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo ./update_bootloader.sh
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo reboot

U-Boot Capes added:

NHD-7.0CTP-CAPE Family
BB-BONE-NH7C-01-A0.dtbo (first added in: 2017.05-rc2-00002-g86566339a9 (Apr 28 2017 - 10:18:57))

U-Boot /boot/uEnv.txt configuration

/boot/uEnv.txt:

enable_uboot_overlays=1

U-Boot Disable on-board devices

To Disable eMMC:

disable_uboot_overlay_emmc=1

To Disable HDMI VIDEO & AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_video=1

To Disable HDMI AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_audio=1

To Disable WL1835:

disable_uboot_overlay_wireless=1

To Disable BB-ADC: (first added in: 2017.05-rc1-00002-g35aecb22fe (Apr 05 2017 - 16:51:58))

disable_uboot_overlay_adc=1

U-Boot Override external capes

Cape device tree overlays (src): https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
Debian package: bb-cape-overlays
uboot_overlay_addr0=/lib/firmware/<file0>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr1=/lib/firmware/<file1>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr2=/lib/firmware/<file2>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr3=/lib/firmware/<file3>.dtbo

If for some reason you need to disable the auto-loading of any of ^ those, use the option that matches your addrX: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

disable_uboot_overlay_addr0=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr1=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr2=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr3=1

4 more capes can be loaded via: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

uboot_overlay_addr4=/lib/firmware/<file4>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr5=/lib/firmware/<file5>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr6=/lib/firmware/<file6>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr7=/lib/firmware/<file7>.dtbo

Plus one custom cape:

dtb_overlay=/lib/firmware/<file8>.dtbo

U-Boot PRU Options

With v4.4.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-4-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.9.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-9-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.14.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-14-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.19.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-19-TI-00A0.dtbo

With (all (minus bugs)): PRU via uio:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-UIO-00A0.dtbo

U-Boot Cape Universal

Utilize https://github.com/cdsteinkuehler/beaglebone-universal-io config-pin.

Cape Universal Supported Boards:

BeagleBone Black
BeagleBone Black Wireless
BeagleBone Green
BeagleBone Green Wireless
Element14 BeagleBone Black Industrial
MENTOREL BeagleBone uSomIQ
SanCloud BeagleBone Enhanced

Not Supported needs work/testing/etc

Arrow BeagleBone Black Industrial (different video phy)
Neuromeka BeagleBone Air (untested)

To enable, in /boot/uEnv.txt add:

enable_uboot_cape_universal=1

Where did the slots file go?

Kernel Overlays are going bye-bye, too many bugs, too many race conditions, no kernel maintainers interested. We've said our farewells and U-Boot Overlays is the way forward: https://elinux.org/Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack_Debian#U-Boot_Overlays With multiple parties working on the U-Boot infrastructure.

The rough transition plan is:

Stage 1: Disable Kernel Overlays (bone_capemgr.uboot_capemgr_enabled=1 is passed thru /proc/cmdline)
Stage 2: Disable the slots file (/sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/slots) (v4.4.x -> 4.14.x)
Stage 3: Disable bone_capemgr dir (/sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/) (v4.15.x+)

Stage 1 is complete, all current images use U-Boot Overlays by default. Stage 2 is currently in progress, as it is not recommended to "load" anything into the slots file while U-Boot Overlays are in control. Stage 3, will take longer, as many applications only need to know the "bone_capemgr" directory is available.

If you don't like the direction we are heading, simply disable, "enable_uboot_overlays=1" in /boot/uEnv.txt..

#I will be on my own with Kernel Overlays:
#enable_uboot_overlays=1

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

A Machinekit specific release if required: https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2019-06-30/stretch-machinekit/bone-debian-9.9-machinekit-armhf-2019-06-30-4gb.img.xz

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

To turn “microSD/Standalone” images into eMMC flasher images, edit the /boot/uEnv.txt file on the Linux partition on the microSD card and uncomment the line with cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh. Enabling this will cause booting the microSD card to flash the eMMC. “Flasher” images already enable this line. See Flashing eMMC

Debian 9 (Stretch) - Monthly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot

2019-08-03 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r113
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz ff4af8aa309b7842de0759cf1f732c09a80b4ade1e89157a442f1bf93a359318 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz 0c0387be7cca7c1e47e4d33a05d519270ac0a63cc67d3d5de0ed2eb7657fb448 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz 9aa4bc0d20d941cd5b0e89eecfd1f415a645f8419b865ee8274d5757926991c5 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz 0e2514f7b761b2beba0bb9dd234233a8074dbebd87294ea9a93f71963d61d6f6 bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot for 2GB BeagleBone Black

2019-08-03 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r113
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2019-08-03-2gb.img.xz 62c45c11beee7f83c4e780dec0fb04b4e22da69f631ca77026679ac66911ca6d bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2019-08-03-2gb.img.xz caaa4519e9eb86f3177d6f2c18dafdb98ea2cae840fba21b3132bf70ded85ef1 bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot for BeagleBoard-xM

2019-08-03 notes

* Kernel: 5.2.5-armv7-x3
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(BeagleBoard-xM)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bbxm-debian-9.9-lxqt-xm-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz aebed0f418959ccc2e9c48a66035a18f1d3f3ff2e15693b06bef3ec2c03108ec bmap

Debian Stretch IOT Snapshot

2019-08-03 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r113
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz 0c2afa722979b5ebc835c6b7063584edc959a70fc6cf64f39714869a0ba7fc99 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz 2bc7af5b58a5046a9bc1cf135483ab5db194ab781190f247c4a3ce5593cd1937 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz df6b22ddec0c403a97d1d72ee4b4deaf24f4670f02d31c3b3620319ff11d3968 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz dc4302f7db0bb073e882ecf042dabf64aebff7653470fbe84f81784d031b05d3 bmap

Debian Stretch Console Snapshot

2019-08-03 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r113
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-08-03-1gb.img.xz ecf6f1077b412f963bac295a26ac597c860e11efb09949b555a4c4dc223ed0ef bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-08-03-1gb.img.xz 7d553c548e1b391d83f222bec1fbd27a66cd743550970dd109f1d55e776400b5 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-08-03-1gb.img.xz 538af7076b5336e3531983a9ec22c375c98e33ca404174c41f50f7e6ab592c06 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-08-03-1gb.img.xz 8de26b03201a83801201ae2668f2f9bc5928c6fc4112e9cd65a3d56387845cc5 bmap

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

2019-08-11 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-bone-rt-r36
* default username:password is [machinekit:machinekit]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-machinekit-armhf-2019-08-11-4gb.img.xz 906e0f8d8da3fd586e17d79a72cc7d14da8844ff673b970a0808098bb94cee04 bmap

Debian 10 (Buster) - Weekly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianBuster

Debian Buster IOT Snapshot

2019-08-11 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-ti-r25
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-08-11-4gb.img.xz 19351f53cf3eabe2bb0af07a5574c81b050752d16ea8325d3bdbab54c0a0ae33 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-08-11-4gb.img.xz 7a10608a86f99ea7d6381504d6fa2ea02b9cefcf10482c49722d1185b572e3f2 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-08-11-4gb.img.xz fc480e43d8ce30f83350f67bf742d771b1706db9b1da566205811d3a7de5a490 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-08-11-4gb.img.xz ac0168f1b77e9926918ccb592352e8997cd575414e8e7974114c7afb3eda57bc bmap

Debian Buster Console Snapshot

2019-08-11 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-ti-r25
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-08-11-1gb.img.xz 3baa09d97a7a5c2c2535aa02309fb37cf2599adb5c0902295d0670e443268e4a bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-08-11-1gb.img.xz 72783ad50eb15616caac05a811ee977cc6170246a05796bd61823908270eca6b bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-08-11-1gb.img.xz b94e82d02e97406d9893f086c56d53cda9e38eb40b38fa2fb62341d04dc896df bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-08-11-1gb.img.xz 4c4e76c27a29c03e2101bd8c0079f9aa5a1e9dddb6b875f13ea47302d3b98ac6 bmap

ROS (ROS Melodic Morenia) - Weekly

http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation

ROS Melodic Morenia

2019-08-11 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-ti-rt-r25
* default username:password is [beagle:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-ubuntu-18.04.3-ros-iot-armhf-2019-08-11-6gb.img.xz e838d448b0ac771cf684db632b5e2f3c2672a35b4da57db223118bb33ffdd68b bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.3-ros-iot-armhf-2019-08-11-6gb.img.xz 3070a9512e719c800a57b9ffd11cfdffd8c987d5bae4368c006de959d6135eef bmap

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9

4.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
4.14.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_14
4.14.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14

4.19.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
4.19.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_19
4.19.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_9
4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.14.x lts)

4.14.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_14
4.14.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14

Mainline (4.19.x lts)

4.19.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_19
4.19.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp