Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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Revision as of 12:14, 2 November 2015 by RobertCNelson (talk | contribs) (BeagleBoard-X15 weekly)
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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To setup the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been setup to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is setup to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.10.22~bpo70+20151022+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.10.22~bpo70+20151022+1_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

2015-03-01

2015-03-01 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.01
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone70

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC) 4GB eMMC Flasher

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 38bedfc81de00907ff2913b04bdc6fe9

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde) (159Mb free on 2GB eMMC) (Due to limited space, the default Web Browser is NOT installed in the 2GB image.)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 66b613cbbde282520f940a12ecf7f6a8

Flasher: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 81585efeaf183106d6dcc6d39127e190

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Standalone

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: c848627722b7a5f7bc89791cc8949e3b

microSD/Standalone: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-03-01/console/bone-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-03-01-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 10823cb21e6fc4536ff87605dc50ea6e

2015-07-28

2015-07-28 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.07
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone72

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC)

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-07-28/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-07-28-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: e7b496b3cfbe302b74f6e82739c003b8

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-07-28/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-lxde-armhf-2015-07-28-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 56bdc8aa304ea474bcfae8d1a7a28401

Flasher: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-07-28/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-07-28-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 716fbfe023ad2b64807346503f9951cf

BBW/BBB (All Revs)

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-07-28/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-07-28-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: c285aeb9dfcef1623eed51410a869748

microSD/Standalone: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-07-28/console/bone-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-07-28-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: f114f9d275ed757f5c79dd51e38822f7


2015-10-30

2015-10-30 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.10
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone79

BBB Rev C/BBG (4GB eMMC)

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-10-30/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.9-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-10-30-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 252f8547bd507d573ca3797cf915bda7758d477bdd86df21dbff91b9a0747cf8

BBB/BBG (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-10-30/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.9-lxde-armhf-2015-10-30-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: ee9aa45a6e991f934d4683889e191ffbb03eeb9c2b2125a3da7dab57a9bd9cf7

Flasher: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-10-30/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.9-console-armhf-2015-10-30-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 579fd197b7d04cf8fb9da0336209b612cc20a2528ba8255fd9de16039184337a

BBW/BBB/BBG (All Revs)

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-10-30/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.9-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-10-30-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 8aefdebe500556519ef98e0e447aee1f2b103ddd7f534579e78dac4c69379891

microSD/Standalone: (console)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/release/2015-10-30/console/bone-debian-7.9-console-armhf-2015-10-30-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: d82b9b77bd7ce25a563451cb544776716ad6e96de08f286583cfba41d3a32675

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 7f93e1ff83486a917b007bfd70da779042d987a5bbea9331dcf1e20f1cf66cac

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 999082f84616f9de0df7e6b99af92b5c46ba14e7cf3f373caaa64504cac91e38

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2015-11-01

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/machinekit/bone-debian-7.9-machinekit-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: f99bcdcab8766f0af76cdae70487026fb3f1d6c9a1063e1b37c0129ea8715986

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2015-11-01 notes

* U-Boot: v2015.10
* Kernel: 4.1.12-ti-r26

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone Black/Green 4GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 151c7e01a255980c54bcf3c42deb5465841254071c1f3324bda10b708abd57f4

Flasher: (lxqt-2gb) (BeagleBone Black 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-2gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2015-11-01-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 06afd67a27e6380bb90c4e8fd4327834b4c56d516494b891cb0ff51d75b4e4eb

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 95256a49ebb5db2c660d84c3e4a006e5f417ffca3b8fe4465cad71641e00fc06

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 7f93e1ff83486a917b007bfd70da779042d987a5bbea9331dcf1e20f1cf66cac

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 999082f84616f9de0df7e6b99af92b5c46ba14e7cf3f373caaa64504cac91e38

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (omap5-uevm)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: a5181f2872496b8a3685aecec68895539af352a6f6e9a261916ea588cc6b5899

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (tre)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/lxqt-4gb/tre-debian-8.2-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 5151fc683950e1a22e5b88d86f4d2e2fb0ec8a130eec326756c29fba4211cec5

Jessie Snapshot console

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBone Black/Green eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2015-11-01-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 52169a1b65c9c56a4b8c80bff3094abb1f2976717c4652f965750b731d53401f

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/console/bone-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2015-11-01-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 67e4f6220fee761e8c06f12a858b29a7b40520e03dc3eeabc48101910bbc0712

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/console/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2015-11-01-4gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 93a88553004a3c137b703cd292ba0340997c12b6f297123c39675386e068fa6c

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/console/bbx15-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2015-11-01-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: 958d609c868d062631200da769f26cbc112d77c35ac358eb192dcbd6b6791578

microSD/Standalone: (console) (omap5-uevm)

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2015-11-01/console/omap5-uevm-debian-8.2-console-armhf-2015-11-01-2gb.img.xz
sha256sum: acf5671ec88b0eb411b086cb4f2d7f1cda5f1ae53be08b0849dc31e96e1e1891

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8

3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support

--bone-channel --stable

3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai

--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y

4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15

--ti-channel --testing

4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT

--ti-rt-channel --testing

Mainline (lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

--bone-kernel --lts

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT

--bone-rt-kernel --lts

4.1.x BeagleBoard / BeagleBoard xM

--armv7-channel --lts

4.1.x BeagleBoard / BeagleBoard xM + RT

--armv7-rt-channel --lts

Mainline

4.2.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

--bone-kernel --testing

4.2.x BeagleBoard / BeagleBoard xM

--armv7-channel --testing

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp