Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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Revision as of 09:24, 3 September 2019 by RobertCNelson (talk | contribs) (Debian Image Testing Snapshots: 2019-09-01)
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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

PocketBeagle Support

Any images after 2017-09-21 will have support for the PocketBeagle

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull || true
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. Login as debian (password = temppwd) and edit /boot/uEnv.txt with nano (sudo nano /boot/uEnv.txt) or your preferred editor.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete, otherwise it'll just keep on re-flashing the eMMC)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

WARNING, this is now deprecated, please use U-Boot overlays

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

i take full responsibility for knowing my beagle is now insecure

as of 2017-02-19, BeagleBoard images now longer enable these insecure options by default, you are free to recreate them as you wish.

remove root password

root_password=$(cat /etc/shadow | grep root | awk -F ':' '{print $2}')
sed -i -e 's:'$root_password'::g' /etc/shadow

ssh root@beaglebone.local

sed -i -e 's:PermitEmptyPasswords no:PermitEmptyPasswords yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:UsePAM yes:UsePAM no:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:PermitRootLogin without-password:PermitRootLogin yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

sudo no password required

echo "debian  ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

U-Boot Overlays

Check via serial

U-Boot SPL 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d96ac (Dec 19 2017 - 13:20:06)
Trying to boot from MMC1

U-Boot 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d96ac (Dec 19 2017 - 13:20:06 -0600), Build: jenkins-github_Bootloader-Builder-19

Check via system

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ git pull
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ sudo ./version.sh | grep bootloader
bootloader:[microSD-(push-button)]:[/dev/mmcblk0]:[U-Boot 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d]

To upgrade your version of U-Boot:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/developers/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo ./update_bootloader.sh
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo reboot

U-Boot Capes added:

NHD-7.0CTP-CAPE Family
BB-BONE-NH7C-01-A0.dtbo (first added in: 2017.05-rc2-00002-g86566339a9 (Apr 28 2017 - 10:18:57))

U-Boot /boot/uEnv.txt configuration

/boot/uEnv.txt:

enable_uboot_overlays=1

U-Boot Disable on-board devices

To Disable eMMC:

disable_uboot_overlay_emmc=1

To Disable HDMI VIDEO & AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_video=1

To Disable HDMI AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_audio=1

To Disable WL1835:

disable_uboot_overlay_wireless=1

To Disable BB-ADC: (first added in: 2017.05-rc1-00002-g35aecb22fe (Apr 05 2017 - 16:51:58))

disable_uboot_overlay_adc=1

U-Boot Override external capes

Cape device tree overlays (src): https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
Debian package: bb-cape-overlays
uboot_overlay_addr0=/lib/firmware/<file0>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr1=/lib/firmware/<file1>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr2=/lib/firmware/<file2>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr3=/lib/firmware/<file3>.dtbo

If for some reason you need to disable the auto-loading of any of ^ those, use the option that matches your addrX: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

disable_uboot_overlay_addr0=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr1=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr2=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr3=1

4 more capes can be loaded via: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

uboot_overlay_addr4=/lib/firmware/<file4>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr5=/lib/firmware/<file5>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr6=/lib/firmware/<file6>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr7=/lib/firmware/<file7>.dtbo

Plus one custom cape:

dtb_overlay=/lib/firmware/<file8>.dtbo

U-Boot PRU Options

With v4.4.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-4-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.9.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-9-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.14.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-14-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.19.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-19-TI-00A0.dtbo

With (all (minus bugs)): PRU via uio:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-UIO-00A0.dtbo

U-Boot Cape Universal

Utilize https://github.com/cdsteinkuehler/beaglebone-universal-io config-pin.

Cape Universal Supported Boards:

BeagleBone Black
BeagleBone Black Wireless
BeagleBone Green
BeagleBone Green Wireless
Element14 BeagleBone Black Industrial
MENTOREL BeagleBone uSomIQ
SanCloud BeagleBone Enhanced

Not Supported needs work/testing/etc

Arrow BeagleBone Black Industrial (different video phy)
Neuromeka BeagleBone Air (untested)

To enable, in /boot/uEnv.txt add:

enable_uboot_cape_universal=1

Where did the slots file go?

Kernel Overlays are going bye-bye, too many bugs, too many race conditions, no kernel maintainers interested. We've said our farewells and U-Boot Overlays is the way forward: https://elinux.org/Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack_Debian#U-Boot_Overlays With multiple parties working on the U-Boot infrastructure.

The rough transition plan is:

Stage 1: Disable Kernel Overlays (bone_capemgr.uboot_capemgr_enabled=1 is passed thru /proc/cmdline)
Stage 2: Disable the slots file (/sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/slots) (v4.4.x -> 4.14.x)
Stage 3: Disable bone_capemgr dir (/sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/) (v4.15.x+)

Stage 1 is complete, all current images use U-Boot Overlays by default. Stage 2 is currently in progress, as it is not recommended to "load" anything into the slots file while U-Boot Overlays are in control. Stage 3, will take longer, as many applications only need to know the "bone_capemgr" directory is available.

If you don't like the direction we are heading, simply disable, "enable_uboot_overlays=1" in /boot/uEnv.txt..

#I will be on my own with Kernel Overlays:
#enable_uboot_overlays=1

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

A Machinekit specific release if required: https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2019-06-30/stretch-machinekit/bone-debian-9.9-machinekit-armhf-2019-06-30-4gb.img.xz

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

To turn “microSD/Standalone” images into eMMC flasher images, edit the /boot/uEnv.txt file on the Linux partition on the microSD card and uncomment the line with cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh. Enabling this will cause booting the microSD card to flash the eMMC. “Flasher” images already enable this line. See Flashing eMMC

Debian 9 (Stretch) - Monthly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r115
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz f5ed537a756b7441cbc57154190f6f92d236efa7b5a868d552a6e5610043015d bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 72380c475e3ff57a00dd9cc14291cd6783598d8b49862c4e7dafa3a7de8809ee bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 98daabac4a0cebd27c384ffa60485f8e5dc22a2707c9c7c4e257e8e40dd989f2 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-lxqt-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 49ce741e7ec257715e640962ba3d345200c29c947c7b753a40d330057274ffbc bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot for 2GB BeagleBone Black

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r115
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2019-09-01-2gb.img.xz 339e5abd65aa7ba50e84f8b1973e52b600db0bd33865f15840dc7581de48fd11 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2019-09-01-2gb.img.xz 77d1e3437cca525e2322690c5ab48f669344182eb1b2c1758d17389ab2b7c89c bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot for BeagleBoard-xM

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 5.2.11-armv7-x8
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(BeagleBoard-xM)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bbxm-debian-9.9-lxqt-xm-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 2fc607a3edb8113467ff005b3607dccf50cceb5dcea1c498295a2281d7790de8 bmap

Debian Stretch IOT Snapshot

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r115
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz c0525e24bdfd6b70b55601cac826c611ace359829d6d7613250cc391dff3eba6 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 25a347f9fc565fdf2fd4752bae57b57d452e0dafbe882d85340a1cb0caebbbb3 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz b6bd1ba11c250afd23ec95326f5e33801664ac17c93bfad992944e9cad961b34 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 31429b252c26baede2da505046f039b34cc9fa41fd5f75a2c7b8470c6f83e7ed bmap

Debian Stretch Console Snapshot

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r115
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz e9747b91abfb4a7da3c5786540c8f4d2b4134cb99ee0f60554d94922dcf95c15 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz 99b24f3faf421ffc6a89c48a9f1bb169cd81d76db5b82bf4bb4f0c21d17e0100 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz 0abbb58f0310aa03bf3efb8445910f4adffb45eee03414c26e93e41ef0cd217f bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.9-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz aa93ae4db0046313ff4a0f1e107c843d20a8d8b6cbf598e02a2fc50c00e1b7bd bmap

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

2019-09-03 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.69-bone-rt-r37
* default username:password is [machinekit:machinekit]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.9-machinekit-armhf-2019-09-03-4gb.img.xz 5560beae935c3bdd9294163ef12a1074c74a9dc188275434a12121867d0809ad bmap

Debian 10 (Buster) - Weekly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianBuster

Debian Buster IOT Snapshot

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-ti-r25
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 0015a724fa9ef0e3a774c4ddf51730ad63b11198239e9deadbf65b44945987d1 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz b88752ec2a2756535da3ff4dac45bd8cb42580ea17b46a3a00f413b9e416397f bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz 96cfd0bf8a9b4d66143ed3809ad778893e7410d0a5a298d9bdcc91112a627c89 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-4gb.img.xz d3d1776e1f8c1a4e86b6bcd2862c89dac682e2ef78203e877d5b8e3cb0aaf36d bmap

Debian Buster Console Snapshot

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-ti-r25
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz b58b8d0a97f2b1103a5fbdcbdfd8340ff34443037281c7f8e89e70a70c8ab271 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz 442aa89cf5faa983bb6973e4997bb4c83dc354e846b86c2dedf4b4391974e175 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz 326f496f4f3d3187911b1e7ce4ab1a7a75443302b92fa626b5001b6bfdcd966f bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.0-console-armhf-2019-09-01-1gb.img.xz 49ef2da3f7be11b893b7cdf1bed982a5f91dae2b0be5bebf459a8049eff1248b bmap

ROS (ROS Melodic Morenia) - Weekly

http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation

ROS Melodic Morenia

2019-09-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.59-ti-rt-r25
* default username:password is [beagle:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-ubuntu-18.04.3-ros-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-6gb.img.xz b5b44584d4d368ef28aaf26991fed3c32ae468e3d9a5b81662ba6614f2413785 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.3-ros-iot-armhf-2019-09-01-6gb.img.xz 3616ca2e2ae0386494d98f0c8d9bd5a3e3427334768dec97d7d852a0ac87329a bmap

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9

4.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
4.14.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_14
4.14.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14

4.19.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
4.19.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_19
4.19.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_9
4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.14.x lts)

4.14.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_14
4.14.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14

Mainline (4.19.x lts)

4.19.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_19
4.19.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp