Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

From eLinux.org
Jump to: navigation, search

This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

PocketBeagle Support

Any images after 2017-09-21 will have support for the PocketBeagle

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull || true
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. Login as debian (password = temppwd) and edit /boot/uEnv.txt with nano (sudo nano /boot/uEnv.txt) or your preferred editor.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete, otherwise it'll just keep on re-flashing the eMMC)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

WARNING, this is now deprecated, please use U-Boot overlays

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

i take full responsibility for knowing my beagle is now insecure

as of 2017-02-19, BeagleBoard images now longer enable these insecure options by default, you are free to recreate them as you wish.

remove root password

root_password=$(cat /etc/shadow | grep root | awk -F ':' '{print $2}')
sed -i -e 's:'$root_password'::g' /etc/shadow

ssh root@beaglebone.local

sed -i -e 's:PermitEmptyPasswords no:PermitEmptyPasswords yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:UsePAM yes:UsePAM no:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e 's:PermitRootLogin without-password:PermitRootLogin yes:g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config

sudo no password required

echo "debian  ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

U-Boot Overlays

Check via serial

U-Boot SPL 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d96ac (Dec 19 2017 - 13:20:06)
Trying to boot from MMC1

U-Boot 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d96ac (Dec 19 2017 - 13:20:06 -0600), Build: jenkins-github_Bootloader-Builder-19

Check via system

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ git pull
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools$ sudo ./version.sh | grep bootloader
bootloader:[microSD-(push-button)]:[/dev/mmcblk0]:[U-Boot 2018.01-rc2-00002-g23388d]

To upgrade your version of U-Boot:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cd /opt/scripts/tools/developers/
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo ./update_bootloader.sh
debian@beaglebone:/opt/scripts/tools/developers$ sudo reboot

U-Boot Capes added:

NHD-7.0CTP-CAPE Family
BB-BONE-NH7C-01-A0.dtbo (first added in: 2017.05-rc2-00002-g86566339a9 (Apr 28 2017 - 10:18:57))

U-Boot /boot/uEnv.txt configuration

/boot/uEnv.txt:

enable_uboot_overlays=1

U-Boot Disable on-board devices

To Disable eMMC:

disable_uboot_overlay_emmc=1

To Disable HDMI VIDEO & AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_video=1

To Disable HDMI AUDIO:

disable_uboot_overlay_audio=1

To Disable WL1835:

disable_uboot_overlay_wireless=1

To Disable BB-ADC: (first added in: 2017.05-rc1-00002-g35aecb22fe (Apr 05 2017 - 16:51:58))

disable_uboot_overlay_adc=1

U-Boot Override external capes

Cape device tree overlays (src): https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
Debian package: bb-cape-overlays
uboot_overlay_addr0=/lib/firmware/<file0>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr1=/lib/firmware/<file1>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr2=/lib/firmware/<file2>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr3=/lib/firmware/<file3>.dtbo

If for some reason you need to disable the auto-loading of any of ^ those, use the option that matches your addrX: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

disable_uboot_overlay_addr0=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr1=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr2=1
disable_uboot_overlay_addr3=1

4 more capes can be loaded via: (first added in: 2017.03-00002-gbfe60d6057 (Mar 28 2017 - 15:32:51))

uboot_overlay_addr4=/lib/firmware/<file4>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr5=/lib/firmware/<file5>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr6=/lib/firmware/<file6>.dtbo
uboot_overlay_addr7=/lib/firmware/<file7>.dtbo

Plus one custom cape:

dtb_overlay=/lib/firmware/<file8>.dtbo

U-Boot PRU Options

With v4.4.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-4-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.9.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-9-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.14.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-14-TI-00A0.dtbo

With v4.19.x-ti PRU via remoteproc can be enabled by:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-RPROC-4-19-TI-00A0.dtbo

With (all (minus bugs)): PRU via uio:

uboot_overlay_pru=/lib/firmware/AM335X-PRU-UIO-00A0.dtbo

U-Boot Cape Universal

Utilize https://github.com/cdsteinkuehler/beaglebone-universal-io config-pin.

Cape Universal Supported Boards:

BeagleBone Black
BeagleBone Black Wireless
BeagleBone Green
BeagleBone Green Wireless
Element14 BeagleBone Black Industrial
MENTOREL BeagleBone uSomIQ
SanCloud BeagleBone Enhanced

Not Supported needs work/testing/etc

Arrow BeagleBone Black Industrial (different video phy)
Neuromeka BeagleBone Air (untested)

To enable, in /boot/uEnv.txt add:

enable_uboot_cape_universal=1

Where did the slots file go?

Kernel Overlays are going bye-bye, too many bugs, too many race conditions, no kernel maintainers interested. We've said our farewells and U-Boot Overlays is the way forward: https://elinux.org/Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack_Debian#U-Boot_Overlays With multiple parties working on the U-Boot infrastructure.

The rough transition plan is:

Stage 1: Disable Kernel Overlays (bone_capemgr.uboot_capemgr_enabled=1 is passed thru /proc/cmdline)
Stage 2: Disable the slots file (/sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/slots) (v4.4.x -> 4.14.x)
Stage 3: Disable bone_capemgr dir (/sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/) (v4.15.x+)

Stage 1 is complete, all current images use U-Boot Overlays by default. Stage 2 is currently in progress, as it is not recommended to "load" anything into the slots file while U-Boot Overlays are in control. Stage 3, will take longer, as many applications only need to know the "bone_capemgr" directory is available.

If you don't like the direction we are heading, simply disable, "enable_uboot_overlays=1" in /boot/uEnv.txt..

#I will be on my own with Kernel Overlays:
#enable_uboot_overlays=1

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

A Machinekit specific release if required: https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2019-06-30/stretch-machinekit/bone-debian-9.9-machinekit-armhf-2019-06-30-4gb.img.xz

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

To turn “microSD/Standalone” images into eMMC flasher images, edit the /boot/uEnv.txt file on the Linux partition on the microSD card and uncomment the line with cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh. Enabling this will cause booting the microSD card to flash the eMMC. “Flasher” images already enable this line. See Flashing eMMC

Debian 9 (Stretch) - Monthly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r119
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.11-lxqt-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 00002421c3ba87978f6c484f1433c55d066e102454f451c27a559a58b4d9fc85 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-lxqt-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 36e1e8bf9bcd4cf4d3510f040eba56046e429b145d1a5e52f66b981645be2d00 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.11-lxqt-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 9077b40bacd0be8562ee29279a987725c71788cf5412b996bf366dc05d435b7a bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt TIDL Snapshot

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r119
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.11-lxqt-tidl-armhf-2019-10-01-6gb.img.xz f759fe16ff3a2208fdd362667befa9ee4141d3984a2f44f812bc46b1448bb359 bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-lxqt-tidl-armhf-2019-10-01-6gb.img.xz 20017572335115114ad9368b5211ebf3341c8104406ac209f637e10f66b2a54e bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot for 2GB BeagleBone Black

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r119
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.11-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2019-10-01-2gb.img.xz 05877f90a0506792c42f1ea5c2458404d9bf2eaa929675330aa7ecc7e6ab072d bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2019-10-01-2gb.img.xz 98064b269ec9484348eea7eab63c68f27441be4b09ef9588bdd2be165a0e41c2 bmap

Debian Stretch LXQt Snapshot for BeagleBoard-xM

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 5.2.17-armv7-x10
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(BeagleBoard-xM)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bbxm-debian-9.11-lxqt-xm-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 92466ec28a213e4d3ee1012d070ee4bebd6c087e68aac9c970c961cab3fcefdc bmap

Debian Stretch IOT Snapshot

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r119
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.11-iot-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 8b60366f27079a0536f6237e5392750d9c84469d5220999ac3048f4ac10f6753 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-iot-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 7f4e35176296dd7088ff5e405f32567141bfc13057f4f57bdbb742bdbda51f79 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.11-iot-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 0ad47fd70ae02f26ef06410d2d3c09dc36051adf7ba4640d2028c14107a9e5fd bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-iot-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz 6014f67fec737760ac7809c9a118a5c6d3b71b7c6728127026ed91a14e492ccc bmap

Debian Stretch Console Snapshot

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.14.108-ti-r119
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.11-console-armhf-2019-10-01-1gb.img.xz 06dbc9deb4bc9d0cb46f351594cd0c0a59b497bb732caa0098b114baafacfb38 bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-console-armhf-2019-10-01-1gb.img.xz 9f58ab98b8cfcd5b9e3cc6f246af52363e26bb3b984256d75318f5cd43230767 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-9.11-console-armhf-2019-10-01-1gb.img.xz ff68aff4d24793f4af2c33543b442cf5c44379d658e85dd1df5b635591c882ae bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-9.11-console-armhf-2019-10-01-1gb.img.xz fd60b3fb1743390aff0c899aa9f4a4548d2a3389d4ced9fcfe5f132b001863c4 bmap

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

2019-10-01 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.72-bone-rt-r39
* default username:password is [machinekit:machinekit]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-9.11-machinekit-armhf-2019-10-01-4gb.img.xz fe3058103bd8af71cc731702a4849c5704aefa83c964ca9e3fb6a0e61fb07edf bmap

Debian 10 (Buster) - Weekly

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianBuster

Debian Buster IOT Snapshot

2019-09-29 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.73-ti-r27
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-10.1-iot-armhf-2019-09-29-4gb.img.xz 5b0bf3509c6d9ac5909a3673f80b9bcec7c9bfd3b3d04210b0fedd8779533d8c bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.1-iot-armhf-2019-09-29-4gb.img.xz 88aaa76ac90a86baa1c8d1c32b572039aec203430604374824a93ce2491b1e46 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-10.1-iot-armhf-2019-09-29-4gb.img.xz 974040327a5b8d6bc323da1468273bb65a4708fffab6c0f99385ac39c373db4a bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.1-iot-armhf-2019-09-29-4gb.img.xz 12225d0f86f7b9e256702bebd466fe258d1d8901370d2c52f2b93bfd23077f75 bmap

Debian Buster Console Snapshot

2019-09-29 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.73-ti-r27
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-debian-10.1-console-armhf-2019-09-29-1gb.img.xz 4b6950aae6938b1c574c3dc8968d5e13a0fcc268e04fbd4a875cfc73c8f05e3e bmap
eMMC flasher bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.1-console-armhf-2019-09-29-1gb.img.xz 3c2097d7971a511286e42e067d93593b19bd5fd73b9753655bb56f5da8acd45f bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-debian-10.1-console-armhf-2019-09-29-1gb.img.xz 2b50630f97f60c17f7b15c99a7f874deaed9cb191006f3f342a1199c765433bb bmap
eMMC flasher am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.1-console-armhf-2019-09-29-1gb.img.xz 150dba41326e3b32a9f0b81c710cc28517dc858a99115a348b11c5cf8566f66b bmap

Debian Buster Console Snapshot for BeagleBoard-xM

2019-09-29 notes

* Kernel: 5.2.17-armv7-x10
* default username:password is [debian:temppwd]
(BeagleBoard-xM)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bbxm-debian-10.1-console-xm-armhf-2019-09-29-1gb.img.xz 69109bb51ad76126c464246a4510e17ba5f9804a17b3a1b27f1ca0020a18c466 bmap

ROS (ROS Melodic Morenia) - Weekly

http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation

ROS Melodic Morenia

2019-09-29 notes

* Kernel: 4.19.73-ti-rt-r27
* default username:password is [beagle:temppwd]
(AM335x based BeagleBone's and PocketBeagle)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD bone-ubuntu-18.04.3-ros-iot-armhf-2019-09-29-6gb.img.xz 1942b8855079d8276f388a318adbf020d7b5efb533934c931c3326f1badfeed7 bmap
(BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone-AI)
Target Media: microSD Image File sha256sum bmap
microSD am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.3-ros-iot-armhf-2019-09-29-6gb.img.xz 7ff634fc945e80a1277f48e56d6ede0b18591781448d891f453f1469ec038a6f bmap

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9

4.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
4.14.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_14
4.14.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14

4.19.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
4.19.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-channel --lts-4_19
4.19.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_9
4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.14.x lts)

4.14.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_14
4.14.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14

Mainline (4.19.x lts)

4.19.x All BeagleBone Variants
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-kernel --lts-4_19
4.19.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
sudo /opt/scripts/tools/update_kernel.sh --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp