DE:RPi Grundlegendes Hardware Setup

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Getting Started:

Buying Guide - for advice on buying the Raspberry Pi.

SD Card Setup - for information on how to prepare the SD Card used to boot your Raspberry Pi.

Basic Setup - for help with buying / selecting other hardware and setting it up.

Beginners Guide - you are up and running, now what can you do?

Advanced Setup - for more extensive information on setting up.

Trouble Shooting - some things to check if things don't work as expected.

Work in Progress - Übersetzung in Arbeit

Typische Hardware, die Sie benötigen

Obwohl der RPi ohne zusätzliche Hardware benutzt werden kann (abgesehen von einem Netzteil), wäre er in der Grundausstattung nicht als allgemeiner Computer sinnvoll zu nutzen. Wie bei jedem normalen PC werden Sie zusätzliche Hardware benötigen.

Wichtig Für USB Geräte außer einer Maus oder einer einfachen kabellosen Tastatur (also USB Geräte, die mehr als 100mA benötigen) wird ein USB Hub mit externer Stromversorgung dringend empholen. Eine technische Diskussion über die Gründe dafür findet sich hier. Der interne USB Hub des RPI's wurde als "single-load unit" ausgelegt. [Original-Text: Specifically the RPI's built in USB hub is designed only for "Single current unit" USB devices.]

Die folgende Hardware ist mehr oder weniger wichtig und ist bei The Pi Hut sowie vielen anderen Elektronikläden erhältlich:

Weitere empfohlene Hardware:

Erstellen einer SD Card mit dem Betriebssystem

Da der RPi über keinen internen Speicher oder eingebautes Betriebssystem verfügt, benötigt er eine SD-Karte, die in der Lage ist den RPi zu booten.

Anmerkung: Eine RPi SD Karte kann nur einen RPi booten. Ein normaler PC wird sich weigern von einer RPi SD Karte zu booten.

Die folgende Anleitung setzt voraus, dass sie eine vorkonfigurierte SD Karte besitzen.

To check your SD card is compatible with Linux, see RPi VerifiedPeripherals#SD_cards.

Tastatur und Maus

Die meisten Standard UBS Tastaturen und Mäuse lassen sich mit dem RPi verwenden. Kabellose Tastatur / Maus -Kombinationen sollten auch funktioniern, sie haben den Vorteil, dass nur ein USB Anschluss für den kabelloser Empfänger benötigt wird. Um eine Bluetooth Tastatur oder Maus zu verwenden wird ein kabelloser Empfänger für Bluetooth benötigt (belegt ebenfalls nur einen USB Anschluss).

Beachten Sie, dass Model A einen USB Anschluss hatte und Model B nur zwei USB Anschlüsse hat (normalerweise belegen einfache Tastatur / Maus Kombinationen zwei USB Anschlüsse) - siehe auch USB Hub weiter unten.

Ein Liste mit zu Linux kompatiblen Tastaturen und Mäusen findet sich unter RPi Verified Peripherals.


Es gibt zwei Möglichkeiten einen RPi an einen Bildschirm (Monitor, Fernsehgerät) anzuschließen: HDMI (Hohe Auflösung) und Composite (niedrige Auflösung).

  • HD Fernseher und die meisten LCD Monitore können mit einem full-size 'männlichen' HDMI Kabel oder mit einem preiswerten DVI Adapter angeschlossen werden. Die HDMI Versionen 1.3 and 1.4 werden unterstützt, aber ein Version 1.4 Kabel wird empfohlen. Der RPi unterstützt die Audio- und Videoausgabe über HMDI, der HDMI Anschluss ist aber nicht als Eingang für HDMI Signale geeignet.
  • Die meisten älteren Fernseher können über Composite (ein Gelb-zu-Gelb Kabel) angeschlossen werden. PAL und NTSC Fernseher werden unterstützt. Beachten Sie, dass der Cinch Ausgang composite video überträgt und keine Radiosignale, so dass der Anschluss nicht für den Antenneneingang eines Fernsehers geeignet ist. Sie müssen den gelben Videoeingang oder ein SCART Eingang mit einem Adapter nutzen.

When using composite video, audio is available from a 3.5mm (1/8 inch) socket, and can be sent to your TV, or to an amplifier. To send audio to your TV, you will need a cable which adapts from 3.5mm to double (red and white) RCA connectors. These red and white can go into the red and white RCA plug inputs of a TV, or a stereo set, or to the above mentioned RCA to SCART plug. Another option for audio (when not using HDMI) is to connect the 3.5mm jackplug to an amplified speakerset. Do not connect the 3.5 mm jack directly to a headset, as the 3.5 mm audio output isn't suitable to drive headsets, only amplifier inputs. Attaching a low impedance load, (such as a headset) to the stereo audio output may lead to distorted sound.

Note: There is no VGA output available, so older VGA monitors will require an expensive adaptor.

Using an HDMI to DVI-D (digital) adaptor plus a DVI to VGA adaptor will not work. HDMI does not supply the DVI-A (analogue) needed to convert to VGA - converting an HDMI or DVI-D source to VGA (or component) needs an active converter. (It can work out cheaper to buy a new monitor.) The lack of VGA has been acknowledged as a priority issue. In a Q/A with Slashdot Eben said that they plan to look into providing some form of add-on.

For detailed information see Rpi Screens.

Power Supply

The unit uses a Micro USB connection to power itself (only the power pins are connected - so it will not transfer data over this connection). A standard modern phone charger with a micro-USB connector will do, but needs to produce at least 700mA at 5 volts. Check your power supply's ratings carefully, and beware cheap knock-offs!. Suitable mains adaptors will be available from the RPi Shop as well as The Pi Hut or eBay and are recommended if you are unsure what to use.

You can use a range of other power sources (assuming they are able to provide enough current ~700mA):

  • Computer USB Port or powered USB hub (will depend on power output)
  • Special wall warts with USB ports
  • Mobile Phone Backup Battery (will depend on power output) (in theory - needs confirmation)
  • Modern TV with built-in USB (for example, it has been shown to work with the Sony KDL-40HX723 and KDL-55NX813)
  • Internet Routers with USB Ports (the BT Home Hub 3 seems to run the Pi nicely)

To use the above, you'll need a USB A 'male' to USB micro 'male' cable - these are often shipped as data cables with mobile phones.

For detailed information about power requirements see RPi Hardware - Power.


You will probably need a number of cables in order to connect your RPi up.

  1. Micro-B USB Power Cable (see above) picture. This has to be a high quality one. Tested cables available at The Pi Hut
  2. HDMI-A picture or Composite cable picture, plus DVI adaptor picture or SCART adaptor picture if required, to connect your RPi to the Display/Monitor/TV of your choice. Tested cables available at The Pi Hut
  3. Audio cable picture, this is not needed if you use a HDMI TV/monitor.
  4. Ethernet/LAN Cable (see below) picture.

The price you pay for an HDMI cable can very wildly and under most circumstances a low-cost cable from a reputable online or local supplier will be absolutely fine, but the definition of what constitutes 'low cost' can vary wildly - for example, in the UK, a 1m cable can be purchased for anything between £1 and £24.99. If, however, you want to drive a display some distance from the RPi (say greater than the ubiquitous 1.8m/6ft), or you are using a video switch to share a display between several devices, then higher quality cables might be wise - for example, a pair of 1m HDMI cables purchased in a UK 'pound shop' worked fine when directly connected between the RPi and a display, but would not give a stable picture when used via an HDMI switch. Replacing the £1 1m cable with a 1.5m cable bought online for £1.30 fixed the problem. For more insight: Why you don't need to spend more than £2 on an HDMI cable

Additional Peripherals

You may decide you want to use various other devices with your RPi, such as Flash Drives/Portable Hard Drives, Speakers etc.

For detailed information see RPi Verified Peripherals.

Internet Connectivity

This may be an Ethernet/LAN cable (standard RJ45 connector) or a USB WiFi adaptor. The RPi ethernet port is auto-sensing which means that it may be connected to a router or directly to another computer (without the need for a crossover cable[1]).

Support for USB WiFi adaptors will vary - see RPi Verified Peripherals.


In order to connect additional devices to the RPi, you may want to obtain a USB Hub, which will allow multiple devices to be used.

It is nearly a requirement that a powered hub is used - this will provide any additional power to the devices without affecting the RPi itself. The USB ports are fused at about 140ma each without an additional external power source. This not enough to power a hard drive, and you may even have trouble powering wireless adapters and other peripherals. There is enough current out there, however, for mice and most keyboards. (see RPi Hardware - Power section).

USB version 2.0 is recommended. USB version 1.1 is fine for keyboards and mice, but may not be fast enough for other accessories.


Not a vital accessory for your RPi, but will help to reduce the CPU's temperature whilst under load. Via The Pi Hut or eBay


Since the RPi is supplied without a case, it will be important to ensure that you do not use it in places where it will come into contact with conductive metal or liquids, unless suitably protected. Some form of case should be considered, and there is a Rpi case thread on the forum.

For detailed information see Rpi Cases.

SD card reader

If you will not use a preloaded SD card to boot from, you will need an SD card reader to prepare an SD card.

Note that the SD card reader will be connected to a traditional PC, not to the RPi. You may use an SD card reader integrated into your PC, or you may use a dedicated USB-connected SD card reader. Note that several peripherals may also be used as an SD card reader, for example cameras, smartphones, camcorders and GPS units.

Expansion & Low Level Peripherals

If you plan on making use of the low level interfaces available on the RPi, then ensure you have suitable header pins for the GPIO (and if required JTAG) suitable for your needs.

Also if you have a particular low-level project in mind, then ensure you design in suitable protection circuits to keep your RPi safe (details will be made available within the RPi Projects, Guides & Tutorials section).

For detailed information see Rpi Low-level Peripherals.

Connecting Together

A diagram denoting the places of the different components on the Rpi, made by Paul Beech. Click to enlarge.

You can use the diagram to connect everything together, or use the following instructions:

  1. Plug the preloaded SD Card into the Pi.
  2. Plug the USB keyboard and mouse into the Pi, perhaps via a USB Hub. Connect the Hub to power, if necessary.
  3. Plug the video cable into the screen (TV) and into the Pi.
  4. Plug your extras into the Pi (USB WiFi, Ethernet cable, hard drive etc.). This is where you may really need a USB Hub.
  5. Ensure that your USB Hub (if any) and screen are working.
  6. Plug the power source into the main socket.
  7. With your screen on, plug the other end of the power source into the Pi.
  8. The Pi should boot up and display messages on the screen.

It is always recommended to connect the MicroUSB Power to the unit last (while most connections can be made live, it is best practice to connect items such as displays and other connections with the power turned off).

If you use both a R-PI power supply and a powered hub, its recommended you connect them to the same switched power bar, and use the switch on the power bar to switch off both the R-PI and hub at the exact same time.

Also, always shutdown using the software shutdown function, not by pulling the plug. When not using a GUI, (with a GUI use the GUI command) you can use the command "shutdown -h now", and power off when all the LED's on the board (except the power LED) go off. This is especially important the first time you boot, as in the process the R-PI modifies the content of the SD-card, without a clean shutdown the contents of the card may be damaged.

The RPi may take a long time to boot when powered-on for the first time, so be patient, and cleanly shutdown afterwards, as described above!

External Links

For a verbose guide aimed at absolute beginners, see Peripherals You'll Need and Getting Started in h2g2's 'Introducing the Raspberry Pi'.


  1. Wikipedia:Auto-MDIX