Device Tree Reference

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Top Device Tree page

Reference Manual

Introduction

Device Tree Usage

The Device Tree Usage page was previously located at devicetree.org

It walks through how to write a device tree for a new machine.

It is intended to provide an overview of device tree concepts and how they are used to describe a machine.

Miscellaneous Tips

Linux Drivers Device Tree Guide

Device Tree Source

  • presentations

Bindings

Subsystem specific

  • gpio / pinctrl
  • interrupts
  • timers
  • etc

Overlays

Device Tree Source Validation

Compiling .dtb (FDT binary blob)

  • via kernel make system
    • all configured .dtb
      • make dtbs
    • specific .dtb
      • make arch/arm/boot/dts/qcom-apq8074-dragonboard.dtb
  • via generated script in build directory
    • arch/arm/boot/dts/.*.dtb.cmd
    • arch/${ARCH}/boot/dts/.*.dtb.cmd

install

  • make dtbs_install
    • installs in /boot/dtbs/<kernel version> ???? -- is this useful ???
  • many other ways to install ....

boot loaders

booting

debugging

  • diffing .dts, .dtb, /proc/devicetree/
  • locating source location for properties
  • boot time messages
    • device creation
    • driver registration
    • binding driver to device
    • deferred binding

man pages

Glossary

  • .dtb - File name suffix, by convention, for compiled devicetree.
  • .dts - File name suffix, by convention, for devicetree source.
  • .dtsi - File name suffix, by convention, for devicetree source to be included by a .dts or .dtsi file.
  • Binary Blob - File containing a compiled devicetree.
  • dtc - Devicetree compiler.
  • EDT Expanded Device Tree - A copy of an FDT, but converted to kernel data structures, in the kernel memory space.
  • FDT Flattened Device Tree - A copy of a binary blob in the kernel memory space.

Definitions