EBC Exercise 08 Installing Development Tools 3.8

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thumb‎ Embedded Linux Class by Mark A. Yoder

Early in the class most of the exercises we will do will all run on the BeagleBoard. You'll be able to edit (gedit), compile (gcc) and run all on the Beagle. Later, when we start compiling the kernel [1] or the boot loader, (U-boot) you will need to cross compile on a Linux machine and copy the results to the Beagle.

The purpose of this exercise is to install all the tools needed for compiling on your host so they will be ready when you need them.

Instructions for building Ångström are given here; however there are a few changes you have to make. Here's what I did.

Tip: Run this exercise using a wired connection if you can. The Ubuntu wireless driver can be finicky, and if it stops working you'll have to restart some of this.

The Kernel

These instructions have been tested for the 3.2.25 kernel.


These are notes are based on Beagleboard kernel git site.

First download the tools needed to compile the kernel. This took about 25 seconds.

host$ sudo apt-get install -y git lzop gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi uboot-mkimage

Next download the tools to get the kernel and the patches needed to make it run on the beagle. (2.5 seconds)

host$ cd ~/BeagleBoard
host$ git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/kernel.git
host$ git checkout 6a7c4284a16fed3dae87f4aef78b59c902e4da84 -b beaglebone-3.2

Next download the kernel and the patches. Before running ./patch/sh, take a look at it. Can you figure out what it's doing? Also look at patch_script.sh, it's where the details are. The downloading/patching process takes some 39 minutes.

host$ less patch.sh patch_script.sh
host$ ./patch.sh


Once patched you are ready to compile the kernel. The first time takes a while. Mine tool 4 minutes, but I was running on 8 cores. Set the -jX to match the number of cores you have. uImage is the kernel!

host$ export ARCH=arm
host$ export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi-
host$ make -j9
host$ make uImage

You also need all the kernel modules. Here we create a directory to install them in. (a few seconds)

host$ mkdir rootfs
host$ make INSTALL_MOD_PATH=rootfs modules_install


Copy the kernel and the modules to the Beagle. (a minute or so)

host$ scp kernel/arch/arm/boot/uImage root@beagle:/boot/uImage-3.2.25+
host$ cd rootfs
host$ find -H -depth | cpio -o -H crc | ssh root@beagle 'cd /; cpio -id' 

Now log into the beagle and move some things around.

host$ ssh root@beagle
beagle$ cd /boot
beagle$ rm uImage
beagle$ ln -s uImage-3.2.25+ uImage
beagle$ mkdir /media/mmcblk0p1
beagle$ mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/mmcblk0p1
beagle$ cp /boot/uImage-3.2.25+ /media/uImage

DAS U-boot

These instructions came from eewiki.


While were' at it, let's get the boot loader we'll be using. It takes some 3 minutes.

host$ cd ~/BeagleBoard
host$ git clone git://git.denx.de/u-boot.git
host$ cd u-boot/
host$ git checkout v2012.10-rc2 -b tmp


Now configure and build. The first time takes some 4 minutes. After that it's only 5 seconds or so. (Replace am335x_evm_config with omap3_beagle_config if you are compiling for the xM.)

host$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi- am335x_evm_config
host$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi-


host$ scp u-boot.img root@beagle:.
beagle$ mkdir /media/mmcblk0p1
beagle$ mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/mmcblk0p1
beagle$ cd /media/mmcblk0p1
beagle$ mv u-boot.img u-boot.img.orig  # Save the working u-boot
beagle$ cp ~/u-boot.img u-boot.img.new
beagle$ cp u-boot.img.new u-boot.img

Once installed you are ready for u-boot work.

thumb‎ Embedded Linux Class by Mark A. Yoder