Difference between revisions of "ECE497 Project - RFID Scanner"

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Latest revision as of 07:10, 19 October 2019

thumb‎ Embedded Linux Class by Mark A. Yoder


Team members: Matthew Howlett


Grading Template

I'm using the following template to grade. Each slot is 10 points. 0 = Missing, 5=OK, 10=Wow!

00 Executive Summary
00 Installation Instructions 
00 User Instructions
00 Highlights
00 Theory of Operation
00 Work Breakdown
00 Future Work
00 Conclusions
00 Demo
00 Late
Comments: I'm looking forward to seeing this.

Score:  100/100

(Inline Comment)

Executive Summary

Rfid Project Put Together

Have you ever wanted to protect your beaglebone from the people on the internet and require physical presence to operate? With an RFID Scanner and touch screen you can prevent tampering. So far the touch screen from class displays images. I have made several attempts at adapting two libraries for the RFID Scanner and the touch screen. The RFID library allows operation of the scanner over a 3.3V SPI interface. The RFID library for arduino proved too much of a hassle so I am using Peakup's version that has core functionality mostly finished for the Beaglebone. Tweaks had to be made to get it to work discussed below. The touch screen library uses SPI to draw visuals as well as operate the resistive touch screen. The arduino library was designed to operate over an explicit set of hardware, has missing features such as touch capablities and not put together elegantly. So the final project has resulted in being able to scan an RFID card, log to google sheets, display the id number to a screen and ring a bell corresponding to the ID number.

Timeline

10/20/18 RFID reader and TFT screen hardware obtained

10/25/18 RFID reader operational

10/31/18 TFT screen operational

11/5/18 Integration done

Packaging

I will be using the breadboard given as much as possible since the pinouts of the rfid reader and the TFT9341 do not correspond well with the pinout of the beaglebone.

Installation Instructions

Wire the beaglebone as shown below:

Wiring Diagram
TFT Display Pins Beaglebone Pins
MISO P9_21
LED P9_15
SCK P9_22
MOSI P9_18
D/C P9_19
RESET P9_20
CS P9_17
GND 0V
VCC 5V
MFRC522 Pins Beaglebone Pins
SDA P9_28
SCK P9_31
MISO P9_30
MOSI P9_29
IRQ No Connection
GND 0V
RST 3.3V
Vcc 3.3V
Servo Pins Beaglebone Pins
Control Servo 1 (Yellow Wire) P8_45
Control Servo 2 (Yellow Wire) P8_46
Control Servo 3 (Yellow Wire) P9_14
Control Servo 4 (Yellow Wire) P9_16
Vcc (Red Wire) 5V
GND (Brown Wire) 0V

1. Clone the git repo found here: https://github.com/howletmj/ECE434.git

2. Go to the ECE434/FinalProject/MFRCBellDisplay directory.

3. Enter the make command.

4. Run the setup.sh script.

5. Configure the logtosheets.py to your own google sheets document.

6. Run MFRC522

User Instructions

Scan an RFID card supported by the RFID scanner. The id number will appear on the display, the id number will be logged to google sheets, a servo will ring one of four bells three times.

Highlights

Reads Specific ID cards that are not the Rose-Hulman Ids. Shows the ID on the TFT display. Logs the id to a google sheet and rings one of four bells 3 times.

Challenges

Converting the arduino libraries proved too much of a challenge due to the lack of documentation on the modules, not put together well and lack of functionality.

Getting the BeagleBone green wireless to pass the loopback test. The loopback test is a standard SPI port test where the MISO and MOSI ports are tied together. What you write to the SPI bus should be what you get back. When run I would get garbage returned. I learned that the pins need to be configured for SPI, two capacitors on bottom of the board next to the SD card holder needed to be removed and finally GCC has strict data structure rules in regards to SPI. If the notation is not exactly right, GCC will still compile but will not write to the SPI bus.

The BeagleBone green does not bring out the second channel of the first SPI bus and the second SPI bus was on the pins used for WIFI. I had to move to a beaglebone black for SPI pins. I also had to turn off the HDMI port in order to free up more PWM pins.

The servos require an additional power supply unit to supply power that the beaglebone cannot provide alone. The beaglebone can supply enough power to turn a servo unloaded but cannot with anything attached. The pwm needs to be set at 50Hz. The servos I was using for the bells accepted pwm signals with duty cycle of 9% to 15%.

Theory of Operation

Program Flow Chart

Utilizes the SPI bus and PWM for the servo motors to ring bells. SPI bus has a clock wire, a master out wire, master in wire and a slave select line for every slave device. Requires more wires than I2C but can push faster data rates for short distances.



Work Breakdown

1. Gathered libraries needed for converting from Arduino to beaglebone C++.

2. Attempt at converting libraries.

3. Loopback test for SPI bus.

4. Fix issues with SPI bus.

5. Verify Scanner works correctly.

5. Get C program to write to LCD screen.

6. Setup servos for bells.

7. Write uids to google sheets.

8. Final Documentation

Future Work

I will in the future try looking through the datasheet for the touchscreen and see if I can write a basic driver to read touch position on the screen.

Conclusions

The embedded systems community is alive, thriving and constantly updating. The beaglebone allows people to do a lot of things in a very accessible way. This project allowed me to explore the ability to pull things designed for arduinos and micro-controllers to a higher level platform. While constantly updating, open source has issues with keeping documentation of issues and problems in previous versions up to date. If I had more time I would try to get the touch screen portion of the LCD displays working. It would be cool if someone was able to incorporate Blynk into the project so that you could have live updates of who scanned their rfid card.




thumb‎ Embedded Linux Class by Mark A. Yoder