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image of the board
resources from Analog Devices
About the usage of bfin command of urjtag. bfin is a Blackfin specific command. It has the following subcommands:
- bfin emulation enter, Make Blackfin processor enter the emulation mode such that we can run bfin execute command.
- bfin emulation exit, Make Blackfin processor leave the emulation mode such that the processor can run as normal.
- bfin emulation status, Show DBGSTAT register.
- bfin execute INSTRUCTIONs, INSTRUCTIONs is a sequence of Blackfin encoded instructions, double quoted assembly statements and [EMUDAT_IN]s. After execution, EMUDAT_OUT will be printed out.
If you want to execute the following instructions: R0 = 1; R1 = 2; R0 = MAX (R0, R1);
You can just using the following command:
bfin execute "R0 = 1; R1 = 2; R0 = MAX (R0, R1); EMUDAT = R0;"
urjtag will search bfin-elf-as, bfin-uclinux-as, bfin-linux-uclibc-as in $PATH and call it to assemble the instructions. So one of these commands is required to be available in $PATH to use this assembly statements in bfin execute command. bfin-elf-objcopy, bfin-uclinux-objcopy or bfin-linux-uclibc-objcopy is also required.
If GAS has not supported the the assembly statements you want to execute, or because other reasons, you cannot use assembly statement, you can use encoded instructions.
You can write an assembly file:
t.s: R0 = EMUDAT; R1 = EMUDAT; R0 = MAX(R0, R1); EMUDAT = R0; Then as and objdump: bfin-elf-as -o t.o t.s bfin-elf-objdump -d t.o t.o: file format elf32-bfin Disassembly of section .text: 00000000 <.text>: 0: c7 31 R0 = EMUDAT; 2: cf 31 R1 = EMUDAT; 4: 07 c4 01 00 R0 = MAX (R0, R1); 8: 38 3e EMUDAT = R0; ...
The instructions passed to bfin execute command will be:
[0x1] -- EMUDAT = 0x1 0x31c7 -- R0 = EMUDAT; [0x2] -- EMUDAT = 0x2 0x31cf -- R1 = EMUDAT; 0xc4070001 -- R0 = MAX (R0, R1); 0x3e38 -- EMUDAT = R0;
Pay attention to the byte order of the instructions.
Below is a run of these instructions:
./jtag --quiet jtag> cable FT2232 ftdi-mpsse 403:6010 Initializing on FTDI device 403:6010 jtag> detect IR length: 5 Chain length: 1 Device Id: 00100010011111001000000011001011 (0x00000000227C80CB) Manufacturer: Analog Devices Part(0): BF537 Stepping: 2 Filename: /home/jie/installs/jtag/share/urjtag/analog/bf537/bf537 jtag> bfin emulation enter jtag> bfin execute "R0 = 1; R1 = 2; R0 = MAX (R0, R1); EMUDAT = R0;" EMUDAT = 0x2 jtag> bfin execute [0x1] 0x31c7 [0x2] 0x31cf 0xc4070001 0x3e38 EMUDAT = 0x2 jtag> bfin execute [0x1] 0x31c7 "R1 = 2; R0 = MAX (R0, R1);" 0x3e38 EMUDAT = 0x2 jtag> bfin emulation exit