Difference between revisions of "Leapster Explorer"

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'''This device is part of the [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform | LeapFrog Pollux Platform]], it's recommended to start there for general information.'''
 
[[image:LeapsterExplorer.jpg|right|350px|thumb|The Leapster Explorer (Leapfrog Enterprises)]]
 
[[image:LeapsterExplorer.jpg|right|350px|thumb|The Leapster Explorer (Leapfrog Enterprises)]]
  
== Project Summary ==
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== Platform ==
The Leapster Explorer (like its predecessor the [[Didj|Didj]]) is a toy produced by Leapfrog marketed as an educational handheld gaming console for kids aged 4-9. Although it has a proprietary graphical front end, it runs a generic Linux distribution on the same ARM9-based processor as the Didj. Console access to the Explorer is achieved using the same method as found on the Didj.
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[[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform | LeapFrog Pollux Platform]]
  
== Tutorials/How To's ==
+
The Leapster Explorer is part of 3 different devices that all share a common hardware platform, based around the [[Pollux]] SoC. The platform page contains information generic across these devices, and it is recommended that you refer to that page as it is a good starting point to understanding the Leapster Explorer, and contains some basic How To's and Tutorials to get you started.
  
[[Leapster_Explorer:_How_To_Extract_Files|How to Extract Files From the Firmware LFP file]]
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== Project Summary ==
 +
The Leapster Explorer (like its predecessor the [[Didj|Didj]]) is a toy produced by Leapfrog marketed as an educational handheld gaming console for kids aged 4-9. Although it has a proprietary graphical front end, it runs a generic Linux distribution on the same ARM9-based processor as the Didj. Console access to the Explorer is achieved using the same method as found on the Didj.
  
 
[[Didj|Lots more information on the Didj]]
 
[[Didj|Lots more information on the Didj]]
  
[[Leapster_Explorer:_FileSystem_Listing | Contents of the erootfs...]]
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== Bootloader ==
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_Emerald_Boot| Emerald Boot]]
  
[[Leapster Explorer Memory Map]]
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== Sources and Toolchains ==
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Source_Code| Sources and Toolchains]]
  
== Technical Information ==
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== Tutorials/How To's ==
[[Image:Leapster_Explorer-Mainboard-front.jpg ‎|350px|thumb|Scan of front side of Leapster Explorer mainboard.]]
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''' General '''
[[Image:Leapster_Explorer-Mainboard-back.jpg ‎|350px|thumb|Scan of back side of Leapster Explorer mainboard.]]
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* [[Leapster_Explorer:_Common_Commands| Common Command Reference]]
[[Image:Leapster_Explorer_Usb_Pinouts.jpg ‎|350px|thumb|Leapster Explorer USB Host Pinout. http://wtfmoogle.com/?p=1190]]
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* [[Leapster_Explorer:_Over_Clock| Overclocking]]
[[Image:Leapster_Explorer_Usb_Connector.jpg ‎|350px|thumb|Leapster Explorer USB Host Connector.]]
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* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Console_Access|Console Access]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Cartridge| Cartridges]]
 +
** [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Cartridge_Settings| Cartridge Settings]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Extract_Archives| Extract lfp/lf2 Archives]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_File_Format_CBF | CBF File Format]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_DFTPdevice | DFTP ]]
  
[http://wtfmoogle.com/?p=1175 More Internal Photos Of the Explorer]
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''' Booting '''
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_GPIO_subsystem| GPIO Subsystem Boot Options]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_USB_Boot| USB Booting]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_USB_Boot|USB Boot without LFConnect]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_Testing_Kernels_via_USB_Boot|Modify Kernel for USB Boot]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_USB Boot_settings| USB Boot Settings]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Surgeon| Surgeon]]
  
====CPU====
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''' Networking '''
* OEM branded version of the MagicEyes [[Pollux]] VF3520F [[media:pollux-datasheet.pdf|Datasheet]]
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* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Networking| Networking Setup]]
* Marked  "LF-1000" - [[LF-1000|LF-1000 Specifications]]
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* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Networking_Applications| Networking Applications]]
* ARM926ejs core
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* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Internet_Access| Internet Access from Device]]
* Same CPU as found in the [[Didj]]
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* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Mount_NFS_Directory| Mount NFS Directory]]
* Clocked at 393MHz
 
  
====RAM====
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''' LeapFrog Flash UI '''
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_Play_Theora_Videos|Play Your Own Theora Video Files]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_Play_Your_Own_Flash_Games|Play Your Own Flash Game Files]]
  
64MB DDR SDRAM - Nanya [[media:nt5d32m16cs-5t.pdf|NT5DS32M16CS-5T]]
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''' Cartridge '''
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_How_To_Make_a_NAND_Cartridge| How to make a NAND cartridge]]
  
====Storage====
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''' Kernel/RootFS/Firmware '''
 +
* [[Didj_and_Explorer_libSDL|Building libSDL]]
 +
* [[Didj_and_Explorer_SDL_ttf|Building SDL_ttf font library]]
 +
* [[Didj_and_Explorer_SDL_image|Building SDL_image library with jpg and png support]]
 +
* [[Didj_and_Explorer_SDL_mixer|Building SDL_mixer audio library]]
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* [[Leapster_Explorer:_tslib_Touchscreen_Library|Building tslib]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer:_SDL_resources|SDL Resources]]
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* [[Didj_Explorer_SD_Kernel| Boot Kernel and Rootfs from SD w/Framebuffer]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer_Framebuffer_Driver|Linux Framebuffer Driver]]
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* [[Didj_and_Explorer_MMC_Patch|Enable SD Card Module]]
 +
* [[Leapster_Explorer_Root_File_System|Building The Explorer Root File System]]
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* [[Didj_and_Explorer:_boot_pixel_format|Changing the fb driver to display the boot logo correctly]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_TV_Out | TV Out]]
  
512KB NOR - [[media:sst39vf040.pdf|SST SST39VF040]] (suspected for boot loader and default settings)
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''' Firmware Image '''
 +
* [[File_Systems#Mounting_UBI_Image_on_PC_using_nandsim| Mount UBI Image on Linux]]
 +
** Relevent Settings
 +
** ID Bytes 0x2C 0xDC 0x00 0x15
  
512MB NAND - [[media:MT29F2G08AAC.pdf|Micron MT29F4G08AAC]] (for user data)
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* [[UBIFS#Creating_UBI_Image | Create UBI Image on Linux]]
 +
** Relevant Settings
 +
** vol_name=ubi_rfs
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** vol_size=87349248
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** -m 2048
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** -e 129024
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** -c 677
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** -s 512
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** -O 512
  
====Display====
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''' JTAG '''
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_JTAG_Pinouts| JTAG Pinouts]]
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* [[Pollux:_FTDI_JTAG_How_To| Pollux FTDI JTAG How To]]
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* [[Pollux_JTAG_with_Wiggler| Pollux JTAG Wiggler Config]]
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* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_JTAG_Kernel_Boot| JTAG Kernel Boot]]
  
1x Giantplus GPM824A0
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''' Compiling Source Code '''
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Build_Environment| Set up the Build Environment]]
 +
* [[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Kernel_Configuration| Kernel Configuration]]
  
==== Audio ====
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== Technical Information ==
 +
[[LeapFrog_Pollux_Platform:_Technical_Details|Device Comparison]]
  
1x Cirrus Logic [[media:CS43L22.pdf|CS43L22]] audio codec
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[[Leapster Explorer Memory Map]]
 
 
====Networking support====
 
 
 
Via USB Gadget Ethernet
 
  
====Interface types====
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[[Leapster_Explorer_Camera|Camera Interface]]
  
USB host/device
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''' File System Contents List '''
  
UART
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[[Leapster_Explorer:_FileSystem_Listing | 1.0.8.6905]]
  
====Physical connectors====
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[[Leapster_Explorer:_FileSystem_Listing_1.1.46.8291 | 1.1.46.8291]]
  
Cartridge socket (providing NAND, SDIO and UART)
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[[Leapster_Explorer:_FileSystem_Listing_1.3.4.2044 | 1.3.4.2044]]
  
2x [[media:Scds034m.pdf|CL245a]] Low-voltage octal fet bus switch
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[[Leapster_Explorer:_FileSystem_Listing_1.4.11.2128 | 1.4.11.2128]]
  
Mini USB port
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''' Default Boot CommandLine '''
 +
init=/sbin/init console=ttyS0,115200 mem=46M mlc_fb=0x82E00000,0x01200000 ram=0x80000000-0x83FFFFFF screen_module=ILI9322   
 +
ebs=0x20000,0x0 root=ubi0_0 rw rootfstype=ubifs ubi.mtd=RFS
  
A proprietary form-factor accessory port for USB camera
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''' Partitions '''
 +
{| cellpadding="4" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
|style="background-color:#CCCCCC;"| Name
 +
|style="background-color:#CCCCCC;"| Location
 +
|style="background-color:#CCCCCC;"| Size
 +
|style="background-color:#CCCCCC;"| Device
 +
|style="background-color:#CCCCCC;"| Notes
  
DC Power
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|-
 +
| Emerald_Boot
 +
| 0x00000000
 +
| 0x00100000
 +
| /dev/mtd0
 +
| On NOR
  
Headphone
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|-
 +
| I18n_Screens
 +
| 0x00100000
 +
| 0x00100000
 +
| /dev/mtd1
 +
| On NAND
  
charger socket
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|-
 +
| Kernel
 +
| 0x00200000
 +
| 0x00800000
 +
| /dev/mtd2
 +
| On NAND
  
====Input devices====
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|-
 +
| RFS
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| 0x00A00000
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| 0x05600000
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| /dev/mtd3
 +
| On NAND
  
buttons, Touchscreen/stylus
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|-
 +
| Bulk
 +
| 0x06000000
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| 0x1A000000
 +
| /dev/mtd4
 +
| On NAND
  
====Linux kernel====
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|-
 +
| NOR_Boot
 +
|
 +
| 0x0007E000
 +
| /dev/mtd5
 +
|
  
2.6.31
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|-
 +
| MfgData0
 +
|
 +
| 0x00001000
 +
| /dev/mtd6
 +
|
  
====Misc====
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|-
 +
| MfgData1
 +
|
 +
| 0x00001000
 +
| /dev/mtd7
 +
|
  
Flash support (via Flash Lite runtime)
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|-
 +
| ubi_rfs
 +
|
 +
| 0x0534d800
 +
| /dev/mtd8
 +
|
  
OpenGL support
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|-
 +
| ubi_bulk
 +
|
 +
| 0x194f2800
 +
| /dev/mtd9
 +
|
  
* [[Leapster_explorer_webcam_info|Webcam Information]]
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|-
 +
| Cartridge
 +
| 0x00000000
 +
| 0x10000000
 +
|
 +
| On Cartridge NAND
 +
|}
  
== Discussion ==
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== Images ==
 +
<gallery perrow=5 caption="PCB Images">
 +
File:Leapster_Explorer-Mainboard-front.jpg ‎|Scan of front side of Leapster Explorer mainboard.
 +
File:LX-fully-desoldered-front.jpeg‎|With components desoldered - scan of front side of Leapster Explorer mainboard.
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File:Leapster_Explorer-Mainboard-back.jpg‎|Scan of back side of Leapster Explorer mainboard.
 +
File:LX-fully-desoldered-back.jpeg|With components desoldered - scan of back side of Leapster Explorer mainboard.
 +
File:Leapster_Explorer_Usb_Pinouts.jpg‎|Leapster Explorer USB Host Pinout. http://wtfmoogle.com/?p=1190
 +
File:Leapster_Explorer_Usb_Connector.jpg|Leapster Explorer USB Host Connector.
 +
File:LX-TVOut-TestPad.JPG|TVout BGA pin(2A) and suspected test pad (TP30 right).
 +
</gallery>
  
* [irc://chat.freenode.net/didj #Didj on Freenode IRC]
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[[Category:Leapster Explorer]]
* [http://www.hackerfoundry.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=7&sid=4cc66fd2128b96e03603c812ba926301 Didj/Explorer Project Forum]
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[[Category:LeapFrog Pollux Platform]]

Latest revision as of 16:13, 5 March 2013

This device is part of the LeapFrog Pollux Platform, it's recommended to start there for general information.

The Leapster Explorer (Leapfrog Enterprises)

Platform

LeapFrog Pollux Platform

The Leapster Explorer is part of 3 different devices that all share a common hardware platform, based around the Pollux SoC. The platform page contains information generic across these devices, and it is recommended that you refer to that page as it is a good starting point to understanding the Leapster Explorer, and contains some basic How To's and Tutorials to get you started.

Project Summary

The Leapster Explorer (like its predecessor the Didj) is a toy produced by Leapfrog marketed as an educational handheld gaming console for kids aged 4-9. Although it has a proprietary graphical front end, it runs a generic Linux distribution on the same ARM9-based processor as the Didj. Console access to the Explorer is achieved using the same method as found on the Didj.

Lots more information on the Didj

Bootloader

Sources and Toolchains

Tutorials/How To's

General

Booting

Networking

LeapFrog Flash UI

Cartridge

Kernel/RootFS/Firmware

Firmware Image

JTAG

Compiling Source Code

Technical Information

Device Comparison

Leapster Explorer Memory Map

Camera Interface

File System Contents List

1.0.8.6905

1.1.46.8291

1.3.4.2044

1.4.11.2128

Default Boot CommandLine

init=/sbin/init console=ttyS0,115200 mem=46M mlc_fb=0x82E00000,0x01200000 ram=0x80000000-0x83FFFFFF screen_module=ILI9322    
ebs=0x20000,0x0 root=ubi0_0 rw rootfstype=ubifs ubi.mtd=RFS

Partitions

Name Location Size Device Notes
Emerald_Boot 0x00000000 0x00100000 /dev/mtd0 On NOR
I18n_Screens 0x00100000 0x00100000 /dev/mtd1 On NAND
Kernel 0x00200000 0x00800000 /dev/mtd2 On NAND
RFS 0x00A00000 0x05600000 /dev/mtd3 On NAND
Bulk 0x06000000 0x1A000000 /dev/mtd4 On NAND
NOR_Boot 0x0007E000 /dev/mtd5
MfgData0 0x00001000 /dev/mtd6
MfgData1 0x00001000 /dev/mtd7
ubi_rfs 0x0534d800 /dev/mtd8
ubi_bulk 0x194f2800 /dev/mtd9
Cartridge 0x00000000 0x10000000 On Cartridge NAND

Images