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This is starting page for Linux on STMicroelectronics STM32 microcontrollers family. These pages are not meant to replace official STMicroelectronics support.

Supported Boards


The STM32F429 Discovery kit has the following features:

  • STM32F429 MCU (ARM Cortex-M4 up to 180MHz, 2MB internal flash, 256KB internal RAM)
  • USB OTG Full-Speed
  • 2.4" LCD
  • MEMS motion sensor
  • STLink/V2 (debugging)
  • Extension headers


Bare-metal toolchain

Bare-metal toolchain is used to compile Bootloader and Kernel.

Version known to work here.

uClibc Toolchain

OSELAS Toolchain

Pengutronix provides OSELAS (arm-cortexm3-uclinuxeabi-gcc-4.7.2) toolchain for Cortex-M MCUs.

Builroot Toolchain

Buildroot fork from Kamil Lulko generates a uClibc toolchain.



AFBoot-STM32 has been developed by Andreas Färber and is available on his GitHub page.

The main advantage of this bootloader is its size (less than 2KB). Indeed, the STM32F429 only has 2MB internal flash for Bootloader, Kernel, Rootfs and DTB.

A fork compatible with mainline Kernel (from v4.2-rc1) is available here.

The following commands cover the later version.

git clone
cd afboot-stm32
make stm32f429i-disco
make flash_stm32f429i-disco


U-Boot STM32 port to mainline has been done by Kamil Lulko. The port is based on U-Boot fork from Emcraft, distributed on their GitHub page

git clone git://
cd u-boot
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi- stm32f429-discovery_defconfig
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi-

Note that mainline Kernel requires some patches on top to work with U-Boot port, these patches are available on Kamil GitHub.

Linux Kernel

Mainline Kernel

STM32F429 Discovery board basic support has been merged in Kernel v4.2-rc1.

STM32 maintainer git repository is hosted on

Steps to build mainline kernel for STM32f429i-Discovery board:

git clone git://
cd linux
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi- stm32_defconfig
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi-

Produced files are xipImage to be written at address 0x08008000, and arch/arm/boot/dts/stm32f429-disco.dtb DTB file to be written at address 0x08004000.

stm32_defconfig file generates binaries compatible with afboot-stm32 fork.

Emcraft Kernel

Emcraft shares its kernel based on uClinux Kernel v2.6.33 on his GitHub page.

Andreas Färber's Kernel

For ARM TechSymposium Europe 2014 Andreas Färber presented a 3.19-rcX based kernel for the STM32F429I-DISCO at the openSUSE booth. Most of this work was superseded by Maxime; some drivers remain to be forward-ported.

User Space


Below link is a prebuilt minimal Busybox to be used as a Ramdisk:

File:Stm32 mini rootfs.cpio.bz2


A fork of Buildroot has been done by Kamil Lulko to add STM32 support. The git repo is available here. It builds Kernel, U-Boot and RootFS (busybox).


OpenOCD in combination with GDB can be used to debug through the STLink interface.

Flash Tools


OpenOCD can be used to write binaries to internal flash.

Usage example

openocd -f  board/stm32f429discovery.cfg \
 -c "init" \ 
 -c "reset init" \
 -c "flash probe 0" \
 -c "flash info 0" \
 -c "flash write_image erase arch/arm/boot/dts/stm32f429-disco.dtb 0x08004000" \
 -c "flash write_image erase arch/arm/boot/xipImage 0x08008000" \
 -c "reset run" \
 -c "shutdown"


STlink tool from Texane can be found here.

Usage example

st-flash write arch/arm/boot/dts/stm32f429-disco.dtb 0x08004000
st-flash write arch/arm/boot/xipImage 0x08008000